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Kazakhstan

Marie‐Carin von Gumppenberg

in Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: Volume I: Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249589
eISBN:
9780191600029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924958X.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Includes all relevant information on national elections and referendums held in Kyrgyzstan since 1990. Part I gives a comprehensive overview of Kyrgyzstan's political history, outlines the evolution ... More


Fragile Conviction: Changing Ideological Landscapes in Urban Kyrgyzstan

Mathijs Pelkmans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705137
eISBN:
9781501708381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705137.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

How do specific secular and religious ideologies—such as nationalism, neoliberalism, atheism, Pentecostalism, Tablighi Islam, and shamanism—gain popularity and when do they lose traction? To answer ... More


Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia

Alexander Cooley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199929825
eISBN:
9780199950485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The struggle between Russia and Great Britain over Central Asia in the nineteenth century was the original “great game”. For the British, control over the region protected their vital possessions in ... More


Geopolitical Competition and Political Stability: Kyrgyzstan’s Base Bidding War

Alexander Cooley

in Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199929825
eISBN:
9780199950485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 7 focuses more narrowly on the issue of great power rivalry and regional political stability. It explores how even in the clearest-cut case of geopolitical competition between the United ... More


The Price of Access: Contracts and Corruption

Alexander Cooley

in Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199929825
eISBN:
9780199950485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 8 examines the deteriorating levels of corruption in Central Asia and explores how outside actors have contributed to some of these practices. The chapter overviews alleged corruption ... More


Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In recent years, there has been a regression of democracy and a growing resistance to Western democratization efforts within the governments of Central Asian states. To uncover the sources of the ... More


Order at the Bazaar: Power and Trade in Central Asia

Regine A. Spector

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709326
eISBN:
9781501709746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709326.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Over the past two decades, bazaars mushroomed in the new Central Asian states, where rule-of-law institutions are weak and corruption high. How did bazaars grow and thrive in such an inhospitable ... More


Political Regimes in Central Asia: Two Decades after Independence

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter discusses the lack of true democracy in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan in order to set the stage for a presentation of the study's findings. In the mid-1980s the leadership in ... More


A Framing Perspective on Democracy Promotion

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with a discussion of international perspectives on democratization, premised on the assumption that the strategies of international actors determine the outcomes of democracy ... More


Models of Governance Promoted by Russia and China

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines alternative democracy promotion frames advocated by Russia and China through their foreign policies toward the Central Asian states, including through regional organizations ... More


Central Asian Democracy Frames

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explains how the leaders of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan devised and actively disseminated their own rhetorical and ideological subsets of democracy, presented under the guises ... More


Democracy in the Public Eye

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores beliefs, understandings, and attitudes toward various aspects of democracy and democratization among the Central Asian populations, discerned through a public opinion survey and ... More


Assessing the Effectiveness of Democracy Promotion Frames

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

in Democracy in Central Asia: Competing Perspectives and Alternative Strategies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813160689
eISBN:
9780813161006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160689.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this chapter, alternative democracy promotion frames used by the US, EU, Russia, China, and the governments of the Central Asian states are assessed on several dimensions of effectiveness, ... More


Russia and China in Central Asia

Charles E. Ziegler

in The Future of China-Russia Relations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125633
eISBN:
9780813135359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125633.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the Chinese and Russian interests in policy toward Central Asia. It reviews the various elements in Russian and Chinese relations with the countries of post-Soviet Central Asia ... More


The Politics of Police Reform: Society against the State in Post-Soviet Countries

Erica Marat

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190861490
eISBN:
9780190861520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861490.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Russian Politics

What does it take to reform a post-Soviet police force? Across the region, the countries inherited remarkably similar police forces with identical structures, chains of command, and politicized ... More


Contested Norms in the CIS Regional Order

Allison Roy

in Russia, the West, and Military Intervention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199590636
eISBN:
9780191756214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590636.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates the regional dimension of the normative interplay between Russia, other CIS states, and major Western states. It assesses how far and with what success Russia has promoted ... More


Rentierism, Dependency and Sovereignty in Central Asia

Wojciech Ostrowski

in Sovereignty After Empire: Comparing the Middle East and Central Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748643042
eISBN:
9780748653270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643042.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Twenty years after becoming independent states, all five Central Asian republics can be broadly characterized as either rentier or semi/quasirentier states. The ‘classic’ rentier states — Kazakhstan ... More


Bribery, Favoritism, and Clientelism: Evidence from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter details the petty corruption that goes on in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The interviews conducted offer direct evidence that citizens use bribes, personal connections, and promises of ... More


Market Actors as an Unrealized Alternative: The Effect of Market Reforms

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter demonstrates how market reform has limited market actors' ability to provide goods and services, and thus has encouraged citizens to seek them illicitly from government officials. ... More


Islamic Institutions and Secular Charities: Obstacles to Providing Substitute Resources

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter shows how market reform has limited the ability of Islamic institutions and secular charities to meet basic needs in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Interviews conducted with representatives ... More


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