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Global Environmental Politics

Jeffrey S. Lantis

in The Life and Death of International Treaties: Double-Edged Diplomacy and the Politics of Ratification in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199535019
eISBN:
9780191715952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535019.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the history of global environmental policies as foundation for a focused examination of ratification struggles over the Kyoto Protocol to lower greenhouse gas emissions. Five ... More


The Politics of Climate Change Mitigation

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter begins with a short history of climate change as a policy issue, explaining the scientific basics of the phenomenon and culminating with an examination of current controversies over the ... More


Environmental Policy: EU Actors, Leader and Laggard States

Rüdiger K. W. Wurzel

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Starting from internal market harmonization regulations and with the European Court of Justice's broad interpretation of the Rome Treaty, a common environmental policy have emerged with leader and ... More


Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

David Freestone and Charlotte Streck (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

Since 2005, the carbon market has grown to a value of nearly $100 billion per annum. This book examines all the main legal and policy issues which are raised by emissions trading and carbon finance. ... More


Aviation and Climate Change Regulation

Claybourne Fox Clarke and Thiago Chagas

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

Aviation emissions are the fastest growing source of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Aviation emissions from Annex I Countries increased by 67% between 1990 and 2005 and, according to some ... More


Summary and Outlook

Charlotte Streck and David Freestone

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0029
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

In early 2010 it will be five years since the Kyoto Protocol came into force. This short period has been truly astonishing for the new world of carbon trading. The market for trading emission rights ... More


Incorporating biodiversity in climate change mitigation initiatives

Sandra Díaz, David A. Wardle, and Andy Hector

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Climate change mitigation initiatives based on biological sequestration of carbon have paid little attention to biodiversity, with important implications both for climate change mitigation and for ... More


Climate Governance at the Crossroads: Experimenting with a Global Response after Kyoto

Matthew J. Hoffmann

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195390087
eISBN:
9780199894352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390087.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics, International Relations and Politics

The global governance of climate change is in flux. Conventional strategies of addressing climate change through universal, interstate negotiations—the most prominent of which is the Kyoto ... More


Global Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter applies the theory developed in this book to a current challenge: global climate change. It provides an introduction to the issue, summarizes the history of negotiations, and provides ... More


Afterword to the Paperback Edition on Global Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter updates the previous chapter. It explains that while the Kyoto Protocol has entered into force, it is still unlikely to change behavior because the fundamental problems with this ... More


Managing the Global Commons: Principles and Practice

Graciela Chichilnisky

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter proposes the creation of global market mechanisms to forestall the rapid and possibly irreversible loss of species and ecosystems. Several distinct mechanisms are proposed here, each ... More


The CDM Project Cycle and the Role of the UNFCCC Secretariat

Netto Maria and Barani Schmidt Kai-Uwe

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) provides for three ‘market-oriented mechanisms’: joint implementation (JI); emissions trading (ET); and the ... More


Trying to Catch up with the Executive Board: Regulatory Decision-Making and its Impact on CDM Performance

Krey Matthias and Santen Heike

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter highlights some of the main reasons for uncertainty regarding the Clean Development Mechanism's (CDM) project performance, to assess the complaints brought forward, and to summarize ... More


Interpreting the Additionality of CDM Projects: Changes in Additionality Definitions and Regulatory Practices over Time

Michaelowa Axel

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The concept of the ‘additionality’ of the emission reduction achieved by a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project lies at the heart of the CDM rules. The essential idea underlying the concept of ... More


Responsibility for the Environmental Integrity of the CDM: Judicial Review of Executive Board Decisions

Voigi Christina

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter discusses the responsibility of the Executive Board (EB), a UN body set up under the Kyoto Protocol (KP) to govern the environmental integrity of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). ... More


The Secondary Market for Emissions Trading: Balancing Market Design and Market Based Transaction Norms

Andrew Hedges

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is a leading example of how to strike a balance between the necessity for a sufficiently certain market design to underpin its growth and the critically ... More


The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

Markus Pohlmann

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

On 29 April 1998, the European Community (EC) and the initial fifteen EU member states signed the Kyoto Protocol. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the EC and the EU member states are committed to jointly ... More


Emissions Trading before the European Court of Justice: Market Making in Luxembourg

Navraj Singh Ghaleigh

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter focuses on challenges to the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) brought before the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the Court of First Instance (CFI) — the ‘Community ... More


Carbon Law and Practice in China

Christopher Tung

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

China has had considerable success in establishing policy and legal bases for climate change action. A robust industry has grown up in support of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects despite ... More


What Might a Future Global Climate Change Deal Look Like?

Murray Ward

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

In 2009, global leaders are expected to come together and agree a new multilateral framework to protect the world's climate system. Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ... More


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