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The Humanitarian Responsibilities of Sovereignty: Explaining the Development of a New Norm of Military Intervention for Humanitarian Purposes in International Society

Nicholas J. Wheeler

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Argues that we are witnessing the development of a new norm of military intervention for humanitarian purposes in contemporary international society. Since the end of the Cold War, the United Nations ... More


A Solidarist Moment in International Society? The Case of Safe Havens and No‐Fly Zones in Iraq

Nicholas J. Wheeler

in Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253104
eISBN:
9780191600302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253102.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Charts how the Western powers came to intervene in Iraq after the Gulf War to protect Kurds in the north and Shiites in the south. Charts how the Security Council adopted in Resolution 688 a new ... More


Manufacturing Identity and Managing Kurds in Iraq

Denise Natali

in Right-sizing the State: The Politics of Moving Borders

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244904
eISBN:
9780191600050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244901.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Denise Natali analyses 20 years of state‐reshaping projects in Iraq as an attempt by the Iraqi elite to draw Kurds into the state and to recognize the existence of a Kurdish ethnicity and region, ... More


The Baʿth Facing Particularism and Secession

Ofra Bengio

in Saddam's Word: The Political Discourse in Iraq

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195114393
eISBN:
9780199854523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195114393.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter addresses the internal weaknesses and the true motives of the Baʿths in using the concept of unity. They used the concept to help strengthen their position at the cost of other Iraqi ... More


The Uncertain Nation, 1921–1936

Adeed Dawisha

in Iraq: A Political History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157931
eISBN:
9781400846238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157931.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses the efforts to create a nation out of Iraq's disparate communities. One of the most urgent and important tasks that was undertaken by the new Iraqi state was to mold disparate ... More


Nationalism and the Ethnosectarian Divide, 1936–1958

Adeed Dawisha

in Iraq: A Political History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157931
eISBN:
9781400846238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157931.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter analyzes the growing divide between political elites in the wake of the military coup. In fact, the aftermath of the Bakr Sidqi coup can be seen as an effort by the out-group to move ... More


Zones of Rebellion: Kurdish Insurgents and the Turkish State

Aysegul Aydin and Cem Emrence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453540
eISBN:
9780801456206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453540.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

How do insurgents and governments select their targets? Which ideological discourses and organizational policies do they adopt to win civilian loyalties and control territory? This book suggests that ... More


Regime Change in Contemporary Turkey: Politics, Rights, Mimesis

Necati Polat

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474416962
eISBN:
9781474427098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474416962.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This book explores the transformation of Turkey’s political regime from 2002 under the AKP rule. Turkey has been through a series of major political shifts historically, roughly from the mid-19th ... More


Europe and (Non-)Accommodation in Turkey: Framing the Kurds, Syria, and Greece

Neophytos Loizides

in The Politics of Majority Nationalism: Framing Peace, Stalemates, and Crises

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804794084
eISBN:
9780804796330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804794084.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 4 focuses on Turkey and the Kurdish question particularly in relation to the country’s neighbors. It highlights the 1998 Öcalan incident when hundreds of thousands of Turkish citizens joined ... More


Introduction: Saydo’s Argument

Sarah D. Shields

in Fezzes in the River: Identity Politics and European Diplomacy in the Middle East on the Eve of World War II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393316
eISBN:
9780199894376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393316.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History, European Modern History

The government of Turkey claimed that the population of the Sanjak of Alexandretta was Turkish and insisted that the territory could therefore not become part of the predominantly Arabic-speaking ... More


Minority Rights in Iraq

Joshua Castellino and Kathleen A. Cavanaugh

in Minority Rights in the Middle East

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199679492
eISBN:
9780191758539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679492.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter seeks to examine and analyse the history and legislative provisions to protect minorities in Iraq. It situates Iraq’s minority communities (Kurds, Kaka’i, Shabak, Yezidi, Marsh Arabs, ... More


The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

Ugur Ümit Üngör

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603602
eISBN:
9780191729263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

For centuries, the eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire had been a multi‐ethnic region, where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The ... More


Deportations of Kurds, 1916–34

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603602
eISBN:
9780191729263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with three major phases of deportations of Kurds from Eastern to Western Turkey in the course of roughly two decades. It analyses how the Young Turks and Kemalists used forced ... More


Culture and Education in the Eastern Provinces

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603602
eISBN:
9780191729263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how the Young Turk and Kemalist regimes used culture and education as vehicles of ‘Turkification’. It analyses how the Turkish government took the lead to launch ambitious ... More


* * The Kurd Country

Mushirul Hasan

in Exploring the West: Three Travel Narratives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198063117
eISBN:
9780199080199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198063117.003.0049
Subject:
History, Indian History

The caravan enters the Kurd country, on the borders of the desert. The author describes the desert and narrates how the caravan was detained. He also presents an account of the tribe of Senjar, a ... More


Interlude: The Genocide in Context

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Having removed most of the Armenians, and accepted the probable loss of the Arab provinces, it would be left to the Committee of Union and Progress's (CUP) successor regime to continue the ... More


Interlude: New Minority Questions in the New Near East

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

A few months after the signing of the Lausanne Treaty, Mustafa Kemal secured the assent of the Grand National Assembly to alter Turkey's status to that of a republic. The new era brought the ... More


Break all the Borders: Separatism and the Reshaping of the Middle East

Ariel I. Ahram

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190917371
eISBN:
9780190917418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917371.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Since 2011, civil wars and state failure have beset the Arab world, underlying the perceived misalignment between national borders and identity in the region. This book is about the separatist ... More


The Critics of the Movement

M. Hakan Yavuz

in Toward an Islamic Enlightenment: The Gülen Movement

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199927999
eISBN:
9780199980543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927999.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter will examine why and how diverse groups are challenging both the discourse and strategies of the Gülen movement. The main groups that criticize the project of the Gülen movement are the ... More


Minority Identities in the Middle East: Ethno-national and Other Minorities

Joshua Castellino and Kathleen A. Cavanaugh

in Minority Rights in the Middle East

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199679492
eISBN:
9780191758539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679492.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Although religion and ethnicity are the primary categories under which we examine minority communities, this chapter adds three additional categories: majoritarian minorities, political minorities, ... More


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