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Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism

Paul Boghossian

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199287185
eISBN:
9780191713569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287185.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Relativist and constructivist conceptions of knowledge have become orthodoxy in vast stretches of the academic world in recent times. This book critically examines such views and argues that they are ... More


Conclusion

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Countless features of human evolution cannot be explained in detail by Charles Darwin's theory, as abstract models are more represented than the tiny part of the totality. Scientific works are, ... More


 Getting the Message

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explains how game theory treats problems of knowledge and information. The knowledge and possibility operators are defined and related to the idea of an information set in games. The ... More


Investment Banking in the Age of Laissez‐Faire

Alan D. Morrison and William J. Wilhelm Jr.

in Investment Banking: Institutions, Politics, and Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296576
eISBN:
9780191712036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296576.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The second half of the 19th century saw the high water mark for laissez-faire capitalism. Business people, politicians, and jurists were largely agreed that economic progress was best accomplished in ... More


Entering into a New Paradigm

William A. Richards and G. William Barnard

in Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174060
eISBN:
9780231540919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174060.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

A shift in how we understand reality.


Putting Durkheim's Texts to Work

Robert Alun Jones

in Teaching Durkheim

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195165272
eISBN:
9780199784554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165276.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In a variety of different subject areas — for example, sociology, history, and most recently religious studies — Durkheim has been a central focus in this book's author's teaching for more than ... More


Epistemic Reasons and the Explanation of Belief

Paul A. Boghossian

in Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199287185
eISBN:
9780191713569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287185.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter takes up the final constructivist thesis: that our beliefs are never to be explained in terms of the evidence we have for them, but only in terms of our contingent needs and interests. ... More


Paul Samuelson's Mach

Rod Cross

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This final chapter analyzes Samuelson's methodology through the work of the physicist, psychologist, and philosopher Ernst Mach, categorizing Mach's thoughts with a big ‘M’. Thoughts of Mach range ... More


Convex Programming

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the second of five chapters on optimal programming (the typical mathematics of economics) and related issues as related to choice making. It introduces convexity conditions, and shows where ... More


Philosophical Inquiry and the Problem of Current Commitments

David Cunning

in Argument and Persuasion in Descartes’ Meditations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195399608
eISBN:
9780199866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399608.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter locates Descartes within a long-standing tradition of philosophers who are sensitive to the pedagogical problem of how to speak to somebody who occupies a different intellectual ... More


Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic

Robert J. "Richards and Lorraine Daston (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226317038
eISBN:
9780226317175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317175.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty is a collection of essay in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s famous book. The essays reconstruct the ... More


Curt Flood in the Media: Baseball, Race, and the Demise of the Activist Athlete

Abraham Iqbal Khan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031380
eISBN:
9781621032564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031380.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This book examines the public discourse surrounding Curt Flood (1938–1997), the star center fielder for the St. Louis Cardinals throughout the 1960s. In 1969, Flood was traded to the Philadelphia ... More


Incommensurability and the Priority of Metaphysics *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter rejects ‘Incommensurability’ — the semantic doctrine attributed to Kuhn and Feyerabend, who also subscribe to the neo-Kantian metaphysical doctrine of ‘Constructivism’. According to ... More


Giving a Damn: Essays in Dialogue with John Haugeland

Zed Adams and Jacob Browning (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035248
eISBN:
9780262335850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035248.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In his work, the philosopher John Haugeland (1945–2010) proposed a radical expansion of philosophy’s conceptual toolkit, calling for a wider range of resources for understanding the mind, the world, ... More


. Kuhn's Challenge to the Rationality of Science

Michael C. Banner

in The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses and examines Kuhn's work in order to understand the nature of science and scientific progress. Based on the discussions in this chapter, it is stated that it is better to grasp ... More


 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

Noretta Koertge

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the attempts of sociologists of science such as Parsons and Merton, and philosophers of science such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Popper, to characterize the norms that guide the ... More


Paul M. Warburg: 1868–1932: Daddy Warbucks

Edward Morris

in Wall Streeters: The Creators and Corruptors of American Finance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170543
eISBN:
9780231540506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170543.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The chapter describes Paul Warburg’s role in the creation of the Federal Reserve System.


Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency

Menachem Fisch

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226514482
eISBN:
9780226514659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226514659.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Creatively Undecided offers a new way to look at how scientific understandings change. Thomas Kuhn has shown us how scientific practice and thinking depends on the normative framework in which it is ... More


The Theoretical Context Account of Meaning

DAVID PAPINEAU

in Theory and Meaning

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245858
eISBN:
9780191680908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245858.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes how Kuhn and Feyerabend make relativist difficulties explicit by proposing a ‘theoretical context’ account of meaning. This proposal is clarified and criticized, but no ... More


The Incommensurability of the Systems

Daniel W. Graham

in Aristotle's Two Systems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243151
eISBN:
9780191680649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243151.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the hypotheses concerning the relation between S1 and S2, namely, the Organon Hypothesis (OH), Extension Hypothesis (EH), and Incompatibility Hypothesis (IH), and an evaluation ... More


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