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Leaders

Helena Waddy

in Oberammergau in the Nazi Era: The Fate of a Catholic Village in Hitler's Germany

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195371277
eISBN:
9780199777341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371277.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter Six introduces Oberammergau’s venerable Music Club, whose members, dressed in colorful uniforms, played a crucial role in both Catholic processions and the entertainment of tourists, as well ... More


The Organ as a Jewish Religious Response to Modernity

Tina Frühauf

in The Organ and its Music in German-Jewish Culture

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195337068
eISBN:
9780199852260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337068.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

During the early nineteenth century, many reform-minded Jews in Germany began developing ideas about a modernized worship service in line with the Jewish Enlightenment movement, called the Haskalah. ... More


‘The work of succouring refugees is going forward’: the Manchester Jewish Refugees Committee, 1939–1940

Bill Williams

in Jews and Other Foreigners: Manchester and the Rescue of the Victims of European Fascism, 1933-40

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719085499
eISBN:
9781781703311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085499.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

The decisive factor which drew provincial communities into the more systematic rescue of refugees was the escalating number of those seeking entry to Britain following the Anschluss (March 1938), the ... More


Nathan Marsh Pusey and the Affluent University

Morton Keller and Phyllis Keller

in Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195144574
eISBN:
9780197561829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195144574.003.0014
Subject:
Education, History of Education

on New Year’s Day 1953, James Bryant Conant made known his intention to resign, effective January 23—all of three weeks later. In June the Corporation ... More


Anti-System Two: The Emerging Hitler State

Levene Mark

in Devastation: Volume I: The European Rimlands 1912-1938

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683031
eISBN:
9780191763120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683031.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History, European Modern History

The Nazi anti-system produced nothing comparable with the scale of Soviet violence between 1933 and 1938 And so long as it remained relatively weak internationally its shrill denunciations against ... More


The Nazi Era (1933–1945)

Marc B. Shapiro

in Between the Yeshiva World and Modern Orthodoxy: The Life and Works of Rabbi Jehiel Jacob Weinberg, 1884-1966

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774525
eISBN:
9781800340855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774525.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the challenges faced by Rabbi Jehiel Jacob Weinberg and the rest of the German Jewry during the Nazi regime. Aside from the political challenges in Nazi Germany, there were ... More


Süssen under the Nazis: The Lang Families, 1937–41

Gilya Gerda Schmidt

in Süssen Is Now Free of Jews: World War II, the Holocaust, and Rural Judaism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243297
eISBN:
9780823243334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243297.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The rural areas of southern Germany abound in agricultural businesses, including the cattle and horse trade, and the related fairs at strategic times of the year. The cattle trade was popular among ... More


Von Galen and the Jews

Beth A. Griech-Polelle

in Bishop von Galen: German Catholicism and National Socialism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092233
eISBN:
9780300131970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092233.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter talks about the relationship von Galen had with the Jews through the years before, during, and after the Second World War. It first considers the plausible explanations why the leaders ... More


West Germany’s Normal Problems

Jeffrey K. Olick

in The Sins of the Fathers: Germany, Memory, Method

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226386492
eISBN:
9780226386522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226386522.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In this chapter, Olick describes the pragmatist politics of Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, elected in 1974. He then introduces the figure of Walter Scheel, the new federal president elected in the same ... More


Setting the stage for mass murder and human experimentation: The Nazification of German neurology

Lawrence A. Zeidman

in Brain Science under the Swastika: Ethical Violations, Resistance, and Victimization of Neuroscientists in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198728634
eISBN:
9780191882951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728634.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

With Hitler’s 1933 power seizure, the fate of roughly 9000 political and racial “enemy” neuroscientists was sealed. In the “Gleichschaltung,” or coordination of German neuroscience, step-wise legal ... More


A Historiography of Postwar Writings on Jewish Music during the 1930s and 1940s

Tina Frühauf

in Dislocated Memories: Jews, Music, and Postwar German Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199367481
eISBN:
9780199367504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367481.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music, History, Western

This chapter examines the lacuna in German musicology vis-à-vis Jewish music between 1945 and 1989, in both East and West Germany. Adopting a historiographic approach that situates the subject area ... More


The Dachau SS and the Prisoners

Christopher Dillon

in Dachau and the SS: A Schooling in Violence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199656523
eISBN:
9780191757709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656523.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This thematic chapter focuses on the relationships and interaction between the SS and inmates inside the Dachau prisoner compound. It identifies a radicalizing tension in this hands-on aspect of the ... More


The Lonely Flame

James D. Strasburg

in God's Marshall Plan: American Protestants and the Struggle for the Soul of Europe

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197516447
eISBN:
9780197516478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197516447.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, History of Religion

This chapter surveys how the American Protestant ecumenical leader Stewart Winfield Herman, Jr., responded to the Nazi regime while serving as a pastor in Berlin from 1936 to 1941. Through an ... More


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