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The Practice of Value

Joseph Raz

R. Jay Wallace (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, which honor the American scholar, industrialist, and philanthropist Obert Clark Tanner, are presented annually at each of nine universities in the United States ... More


Values, Norms, and the Practical

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rejects the view that Wiggins’s and McDowell’s theories of moral motivation postulate an objectionable form of inherent normativity in a moral agent’s recognition of value. Their ... More


 Q & A

Lenn E. Goodman

in Love Thy Neighbour As Thyself

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328820
eISBN:
9780199870172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328820.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Christine Korsgaard surveys several ways of warranting ethics (Hobbes, Puffendorff, Moore, Ross, Nagel, Hutcheson, Hume, Mill, Williams). She chooses a neo‐Kantian approach. But Goodman finds her ... More


A Buddhist Response to Kant

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Recent interpreters of Kant, such as Wood and Korsgaard, have identified several powerful arguments that purport to refute all ethical theories other than Kant’s own. But Buddhists have the resources ... More


The Initial Sketch

Anthony Simon Laden

in Reasoning: A Social Picture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199606191
eISBN:
9780191741081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606191.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

These introduce the idea of a social picture of reasoning as a picture of an activity of living together that is obscured by trying to understand this activity from within a picture of reasoning as ... More


Kantian Normative Ethics

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Kant’s formulations of the Categorical Imperative express basic requirements to universalize our maxims, respect humanity as an end in itself, and conform to the more specific moral principles that ... More


Freedom as Constraint: The Morality of Autonomy

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 4 draws some of the broader consequences of the anti-naturalist assumptions of the theory of autonomy defended here, by looking both at alternative readings of Kant and at broader questions ... More


Responsibility and Practical Reason

George Sher

in Who Knew?: Responsibility Without Awareness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195389197
eISBN:
9780199866724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389197.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter asks what positive reason we might have to accept the searchlight view. Because the searchlight view holds that agents are responsible only for the features of their acts of which they ... More


Ambitious Vindication

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An ambitious vindication of morality – an argument beginning from premises that an Egoist will accept that Egoism is false – is the Holy Grail of moral philosophy. This chapter discusses some recent ... More


Kant and the Absolute Prohibition against Lying

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In several works, Kant claims that lying is always wrong, no matter what. He is probably the most well‐known defender of an absolute prohibition against lying in the history of Western philosophy. ... More


Love and Solipsism

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

For Kant, moral reciprocity is intensely present in love and friendship, but he is gloomy about sexual love, which can make a person into ‘an object of appetite’. Two interpretations: sexual love can ... More


The Value of Humanity: Reflections on Korsgaard’s Transcendental Argument

Robert Stern

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This article considers Christine Korsgaard's argument for the value of humanity, and the role that her transcendental argument plays in this, to the effect that an agent must value her own humanity. ... More


WEAKNESS OF WILL

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The possibility of akrasia or weakness of will, i.e., the phenomenon of agents acting against their best judgement or reasons, presents a problem for internalism. This chapter reviews and rejects a ... More


Introduction

R. JAY WALLACE

in The Practice of Value

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The theory on how people evaluate valuable things in life as it is influenced by social conditions is explained in this book, which presents a revised text from the Tanner Lectures on Human Values ... More


Relativism, History, and the Existence of Values

BERNARD WILLIAMS

in The Practice of Value

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the doctrine of relativism is almost useless and points out exceptions. This chapter presents in a logical manner the existence of value. Changes in nature and of developing ... More


Kant's Theory of Radical Evil

Claudia Card

in The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145083
eISBN:
9780199833115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145089.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

According to Kant, we become radically evil when we subordinate the moral law to our own self‐interest (prudence). He holds that we never do wrong for the sake of doing wrong but only for the sake of ... More


Reason, Humanity, and the Moral Law

G. A. Cohen

Jonathan Wolff (ed.)

in Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149004
eISBN:
9781400848713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149004.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter comments on Christine Korsgaard's views on reason, humanity, and moral law in the context of her ethics. In particular, it examines Korsgaard's response to the question inspired by ... More


Two Problems about Human Agency

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes agential authority from subjective normative authority, argues that a theory of strong forms of human agency needs to provide a coordinated treatment of both, and explains ... More


The Doctrines of Double and Triple Effect and Why a Rational Agent Need Not Intend the Means to His End

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with the Doctrine of Double Effect as well as the Doctrine of Triple Effect. It examines why a rational agent need not intend the means to his end and argues that when an ... More


Moral Status

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In one sense, moral status can be defined as what it is morally permissible or impermissible to do to some entity. In this sense, rocks may have the moral status of entities to which, just ... More


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