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 Muslim Koranic Fundamentalism

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the Islamic belief that the Koran (Qur'an) was authored by Allah and revealed to Muhammad via the angel Gabriel, and dissects the alleged ‘proofs’ for Koranic divinity. The ... More


The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Solomon Schimmel

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a passionate yet analytical critique of and polemic against Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scriptural fundamentalists. It examines the ways in which otherwise intelligent and bright Jews, ... More


 Faith, Revelation, and Reason

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines medieval and modern views about the meanings of reason, belief, faith, revelation, and truth, and the relationships between them. It provides moving testimony from a devout ... More


Canons, Traditions and Cosmopolitanism: Choosing the “Units” of Analysis

Farah Godrej

in Cosmopolitan Political Thought: Method, Practice, Discipline

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199782062
eISBN:
9780199919123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782062.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

Can we turn to new and different intellectual resources without reproducing the categories and modes of inquiry pertaining to a Westcentric understanding of political theory? In order to avoid ... More


Dispute and Disagreement

Mushirul Hasan

in Exploring the West: Three Travel Narratives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198063117
eISBN:
9780199080199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198063117.003.0012
Subject:
History, Indian History

The author comments on the disbelief of the English in Junab Muhumud's prophetical office and in the noble Koran. After the death of Hussurut Eesa, four of his apostles — Matthew, Mark, Luke, and ... More


Kunnā nakrahu al-kitāb: Scripture, Transmission of Knowledge, and Politics in the Second Century AH (719–816 CE)

Pavel Pavlovitch

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Pavel Pavlovitch shows how the sense of a genuinely early saying might change as the concerns of Muslims changed over time. The example is a saying from Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī (d. 124/742?). It ... More


The History of the Adhān: a View from the Hadith Literature

Maroussia Bednarkiewicz

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Qurʾan itself refers to a call to prayer (although using another term, nidāʾ, not adhān) without laying down a form. Several stories are told of how the call to prayer was originally formulated. ... More


Hadith Criticism between Traditionists and Jurisprudents

Mutaz Al-Khatib

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Mutaz al-Khatib compares and contrasts hadith criticism as practised by traditionists, specialists in hadith, and jurisprudents, specialists in inferring the law from revelation. Ninth-century hadith ... More


The Reception and Representation of Western Hadith Studies in Turkish Academe

Fatma Kızıl

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Turkish Republic has recently become another major centre of hadith scholarship. Fatma Kızıl identifies two pioneers as Mehmed Said Hatiboğlu, relatively friendly toward Ignaz Goldziher’s ... More


The Qur'an and Late Antiquity: A Shared Heritage

Angelika Neuwirth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199928958
eISBN:
9780190921316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199928958.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The Qurʾan and Late Antiquity: A Shared Heritage, the culminating summary of the work of the most prominent German scholar of the Qurʾan, provides an original introduction to the Qurʾan against the ... More


The Astronomical Situation around the Year 1000

Bradldy E. SchaeFer

in The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Religious Expectation and Social Change, 950-1050

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161625
eISBN:
9780199849666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161625.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Humanity has a long record of reacting strongly to heavenly spectacles. Celestial events can be regarded as omens for many reasons. Eclipses and meteor showers impress any observer with the awesome ... More


The Presence of the Name: Reading Scripture in an Indonesian Village

Jonathan Boyarin

in The Ethnography of Reading

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520079557
eISBN:
9780520913431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520079557.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The principal text considered in this chapter is the Koran, and those reading from it are people of eastern Indonesia who do not speak Arabic, the language in which the Koran is written. The people ... More


Islam and the Challenge of Civilization

Abdelwahab Meddeb

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251230
eISBN:
9780823252916
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251230.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In his fifth essay since 9/11 on the subject of Islam and violence, the author again makes the urgent case for an Islamic reformation, particularly in Western Europe, home to millions of Muslims, ... More


Surrender and Capitulation in the Middle East in the Age of the Crusades

John France

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The great age of crusading in the Middle East, from 1095 to 1291, witnessed a collision between peoples inspired by rival religions, each of which had its own conception of Holy War. Crusading was ... More


The Koran

Keith Ward

in Religion and Creation

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263937
eISBN:
9780191682681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263937.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

This chapter discusses a Muslim view of God as expounded by Mohammed Iqbal, one of the most renowned 20th-century poet-philosophers of Islam. Iqbal set out to construct a Muslim doctrine of God and ... More


The People Are One Community

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139914
eISBN:
9780199848935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139914.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter characterizes religion as a major contributor to the seemingly endless conflicts between different persuasions and cultures. These conflicts and the attendant atrocities committed against ... More


Compete with One Another in Good Works

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139914
eISBN:
9780199848935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139914.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter defines the ethical foundation of freedom of conscience and religion as cited in the writings and teachings of the Koran and the prophets particularly of Abraham and Muhammad. The ... More


Forgiveness Toward Humankind

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139914
eISBN:
9780199848935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139914.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In Muslim culture, the restoration of relationships has traditionally required some measure of retribution, tempered with pardon. The Koran and the Tradition have treated retribution as a ... More


The Predictive Power of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theism can be a theory or existential hypothesis to be confirmed by empirical evidence only if it has some predictive power. Theists should (and do) prefer a purely logical definition of predictive ... More


Our Bodies Belong to Us: Dialogue with Taslima Nasrin June 1994

Antoinette Fouque and Jean-Joseph Goux

Sylvina Boissonnas (ed.)

in There Are Two Sexes: Essays in Feminology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169868
eISBN:
9780231538381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169868.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In the dialogue presented in this chapter, Antoinette Fouque and Taslima Nasrin discuss the fatwa that threatens Nasrin's life, pronounced by the fundamentalists because she dared to criticize the ... More


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