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Probing and manipulating spin effects in quantum dots

S. Tarucha, M. Stopa, S. Sasaki, and K. Ono

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Probing and manipulating spin effects in quantum dots are described in this chapter. Electronic configuration in quantum dots is tunable with various parameters such as number of electrons, magnetic ... More


Spin-dependent transport in single-electron devices

Jan Martinek and Józef Barnaś

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Ultrasmall systems called quantum dots (QDs) and single-electron transistors, where Coulomb interaction (Coulomb blockade) plays an important role, are very interesting and promising devices, which ... More


Quantum dots

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Interaction effects in quantum-confined systems give rise to the Coulomb blockade phenomenon in electronic transport. This chapter discusses the Coulomb blockade phenomenon in quantum dots. As a ... More


Spin-transfer torques and nanomagnets

Daniel C. Ralph and Robert A. Buhrman

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents simple ideas for understanding how spin-polarized currents can be used to exert spin-transfer torques in magnetic devices. The chapter reviews recent progress for measuring the ... More


Kondo effect in dilute alloys

Veljko Zlatić and René Monnier

in Modern Theory of Thermoelectricity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198705413
eISBN:
9780191774430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705413.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the experimental signatures of the Kondo effect in dilute alloys, as well as the models used to describe the systems in which they occur. A simple solution of the Kondo problem ... More


The mastered electron: molecular electronics

Jean-Pierre Launay and Michel Verdaguer

in Electrons in Molecules: From Basic Principles to Molecular Electronics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199297788
eISBN:
9780191747021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297788.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

After an historical account of the evolution which led to the concept of molecular electronics, the ‘hybrid molecular electronics’ approach (molecules connected to nano-sized metallic electrodes) is ... More


Spin Glasses: General Features

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter finally deals with the concept of spin glasses. The intention is not to provide anything approaching a thorough history of the subject. The field today is broad, with threads and ... More


Quantum dots

Tero T. Heikkilä

in The Physics of Nanoelectronics: Transport and Fluctuation Phenomena at Low Temperatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199592449
eISBN:
9780191747618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592449.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Quantum dots are small islands connected to typically metallic electrodes. Their small size shows up in the large spacing of the single-electron energy levels inside these islands. This chapter ... More


Hidden Moments

Andrew Zangwill

in A Mind Over Matter: Philip Anderson and the Physics of the Very Many

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198869108
eISBN:
9780191905599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869108.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter traces Anderson’s work from his invention of an impurity model to understand the fate of a magnetic atom immersed in a non-magnetic metal to his solution of the Kondo problem using an ... More


Magnetic Impurities and their Interactions: The Anderson Model, the Kondo Effect, and the RKKY Interaction

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0044
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Studies show that transition and rare earth atoms may have a net magnetic moment when dissolved in various host metals. However, such moments do not always form, and the conditions for their ... More


Phenomena and devices at the quantum scale and the mesoscale

Sandip Tiwari

in Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Unique nanoscale phenomena arise in quantum and mesoscale properties and there are additional intriguing twists from effects that are classical in origin. In this chapter, these are brought forth ... More


Magnetism in Metals and Alloys

Kannan M. Krishnan

in Fundamentals and Applications of Magnetic Materials

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199570447
eISBN:
9780191813504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570447.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Delocalized conduction electrons described by the free electron model can explain the magnetic properties of metals. The spin-split density of states function describes the distribution of available ... More


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