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Race and the Emancipation of Labor

Carol A. Horton

in Race and the Making of American Liberalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195143485
eISBN:
9780199850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143485.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Anti-caste and Darwinian liberalism were not the only important civic discourses in late 19th-century America. Another important alternative was producer republicanism, which argued that the new form ... More


Inequality and White Supremacy

Carol A. Horton

in Race and the Making of American Liberalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195143485
eISBN:
9780199850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143485.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The successive collapses of the Knights of Labor and Populism during the 1880s–90s officially ended producer republicanism in the United States. In particular, the presidential election of 1896 ... More


Full Development or Self-Restraint: Middle-Class Women and Working-Class Elevation

Sylvia Jenkins Cook

in Working Women, Literary Ladies: The Industrial Revolution and Female Aspiration

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195327809
eISBN:
9780199870547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327809.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter explores the later decades of the 19th century, when women's factory labor was no longer a novelty, and industrial and class tensions were becoming increasingly the focus of reforming ... More


Knights Across the Atlantic: The Knights of Labor in Britain and Ireland

Steven Parfitt

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383186
eISBN:
9781786944030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383186.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

The Knights of Labor became the first national movement of American workers between 1869 and 1917. They also established branches of their movement across the world. This book explores the history of ... More


Alliances

Edward L. Ayers

in Southern Crossing: A History of the American South, 1877-1906

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195086898
eISBN:
9780199854226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086898.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses the alliances formed by the people of the New South. Of particular importance was the Patrons of Husbandry with almost a quarter of a million members. They were also known as ... More


“Labor Built this Republic, Labor Shall Rule It”

Edward T. O’Donnell

in Henry George and the Crisis of Inequality: Progress and Poverty in the Gilded Age

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231120005
eISBN:
9780231539265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231120005.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the rise of the Central Labor Union (CLU) and Henry George's ascendant influence among workers in New York City. In the fall of 1882, George set sail for New York City. He would ... More


Conclusion: The Knights of Labor in Britain and Ireland

Steven Parfitt

in Knights Across the Atlantic: The Knights of Labor in Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383186
eISBN:
9781786944030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383186.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

In only ten years the Knights of Labor helped to reshape the British labour movement and won several major successes at a local level as well. The conclusion addresses their achievements, and the ... More


Secret: Regional Leadership Networks, 1875–1882

Andrew B. Arnold

in Fueling the Gilded Age: Railroads, Miners, and Disorder in Pennsylvania Coal Country

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814764985
eISBN:
9780814724958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764985.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the regional leadership networks that enabled coal miners of Central Pennsylvania to pursue their activism during the years 1875–1882. After the strike and trial of 1875, ... More


The Knights of Labor and the British trade unions, 1880–1900

Steven Parfitt

in Labour united and divided from the 1830s to the present

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526126320
eISBN:
9781526138798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526126320.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter charts the conflicts that erupted between those unions and British branches of the Knights of Labor. Between 1884 and 1894, an American working-class movement named the Knights of Labor ... More


Radical Genesis: Birmingham, 1870–1930

Robin D. G. Kelley

in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625485
eISBN:
9781469625508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.003.0013
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the period 1870–1930 in Birmingham, Alabama, which was marked by industrialization and the rise of organized labor. The newly created industrial complex in Birmingham ... More


Global Master Workman: Terence Powderly (1849-1924), Transatlantic Radicalism and the Global History of the Knights of Labor, 1880-1900

Steven Parfitt

Frank Jacob and Mario Keßler (eds)

in Transatlantic Radicalism: Socialist and Anarchist Exchanges in the 19th and 20th Centuries

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781800859609
eISBN:
9781800852419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781800859609.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter analyzes the story of a transnational figure who hardly ever crossed a national border in his career as labor leader. Terence Powderly (1849-1924) was born in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, ... More


Wolves: Fractured Unions in the Gilded Age, 1894–1896

Dana M. Caldemeyer (ed.)

in Union Renegades: Miners, Capitalism, and Organizing in the Gilded Age

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780252043505
eISBN:
9780252052385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043505.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Chapter 6 explores the numerous fights between union leaders in the Gilded Age to show that “organized labor” was far from unified. Historians have long noted that these fights, such as those between ... More


“With the Prophets of Old”: Working People’s Challenge to the Gilded Age Church

Heath W. Carter

in Union Made: Working People and the Rise of Social Christianity in Chicago

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199385959
eISBN:
9780199385980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385959.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By the mid-point of the Gilded Age, Chicago’s working-class communities had become hotbeds of alternative Christianities. To be sure, many wage earners were faithful churchgoers who eschewed class ... More


Apex of the Union and Catholic Hierarchical Influence

Michael C. Connolly

in Seated by the Sea: The Maritime History of Portland, Maine, and Its Irish Longshoremen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037226
eISBN:
9780813041759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037226.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

The vast majority of longshore laborers in Portland in the twentieth century were Irish and Catholic. As such, the Roman Catholic Church and the hierarchy in Portland would play a significant role in ... More


Civil War, Citizenship, and Collectivity

Tracy B. Strong

in Learning One's Native Tongue: Citizenship, Contestation, and Conflict in America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226623191
eISBN:
9780226623368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226623368.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Blacks had joined the Union Army in great numbers, which increased the pressure to make them voting citizens. Additionally, after the War, General Sherman had given 400000 acres of good land to newly ... More


Nothing but His Labor

Jarod Roll

in Poor Man's Fortune: White Working-Class Conservatism in American Metal Mining, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469656298
eISBN:
9781469656311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656298.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The working miners who turned to zinc production in the 1870s transformed the fundamental nature of the district in the 1880s. This chapter explores how their zinc producing operations encouraged ... More


Southern Labor and the Lure of Populism: Workers and Power in North Carolina

Deborah Beckel

in Reconsidering Southern Labor History: Race, Class, and Power

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056975
eISBN:
9780813053752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056975.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In this chapter Deborah Beckel reconsiders historians' analyses of the Knights of Labor in Gilded Age North Carolina. Based on new research, it reframes interpretations of labor's role in the rise of ... More


Populism in the South Revisited: New Interpretations and New Departures

James M. Beeby (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032257
eISBN:
9781617032332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032257.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

The Populist Movement was the largest mass movement for political and economic change in the history of the American South until the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. The Populist ... More


“The Country is Drifting into Danger”

Edward T. O’Donnell

in Henry George and the Crisis of Inequality: Progress and Poverty in the Gilded Age

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231120005
eISBN:
9780231539265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231120005.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the labor unrest that rocked the United States in 1886 and prompted Henry George to wonder whether the country was “in danger of revolution”. The year 1886 unfolded as one of ... More


Working on the Line

James Wolfinger

in Running the Rails: Capital and Labor in the Philadelphia Transit Industry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702402
eISBN:
9781501704239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702402.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter considers Philadelphia's transit workers: their daily work, their relations with the system's owners, and their early efforts at unionization. Transit workers faced harsh conditions on ... More


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