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The Failure of Presidential Parliamentarism: The Failure of Presidential Parliamentarism: Constitutional versus Structural Constitutional versus Structural Presidentialization in Israel's Presidentialization in Israel's Parliamentary Democracy

Reuven Y. Hazan

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In no parliamentary democracy has the presidentialization of politics achieved such magnitude as in Israel. In 1992, the Israeli parliament adopted a law that altered not only the electoral system ... More


Rearguard Action

Yezid Sayigh

in Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296430
eISBN:
9780191685224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296430.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the events of the time when Sadat addressed the Israeli Knesset in Jerusalem. His determination to pursue his diplomatic initiative shattered the PLO strategy of balancing ... More


A Swing towards the West

Gabriel Sheffer

in Moshe Sharett: Biography of a Political Moderate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279945
eISBN:
9780191684326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279945.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The existence of a moderate, liberal, pragmatic, and libertarian camp within the Mapai, led by Sharett, composed of moderates of Ahdut Haavodah and some veterans of Hapoel Hatzair, was made clear ... More


Selection and Elections

Gabriel Sheffer

in Moshe Sharett: Biography of a Political Moderate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279945
eISBN:
9780191684326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279945.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Mapai had begun its actual preparations for the forthcoming general elections on 19 May 1955 in a meeting of the Mapai Central Committee. For a short while it looked as if Sharett and Ben–Gurion ... More


Palestinian Women and Politics in Israel

Suheir Abu Oksa Daoud

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033624
eISBN:
9780813039268
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033624.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Though equal rights protection is written into Israeli law, women are underrepresented in the political arena. This is especially true in the case of Palestinian women—only two in the entire sixty ... More


Palestinian Women in the Local and National Arenas: Obstacles from Within and Without

Suheir Abu Oksa Daoud

in Palestinian Women and Politics in Israel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033624
eISBN:
9780813039268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033624.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter examines the presence of Palestinian women in the local and national arenas. While Palestinian women have grown more aware and focused on their right and abilities to take part of ... More


Rejected and Outcast

Avi Shilon

in Menachem Begin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162356
eISBN:
9780300189032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162356.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

After four years of solitude in Etzel, Menachem Begin enjoyed public exposure. Although Herut was only the fourth largest party in the Knesset, Begin attained a special position in the assembly based ... More


Be Killed But Do Not Transgress

Avi Shilon

in Menachem Begin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162356
eISBN:
9780300189032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162356.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

After Menachem Begin withdrew from politics, Israel and West Germany initiated talks over a compensation agreement for Holocaust survivors. The negotiations began on March 12, 1951, when the Israeli ... More


Buds of Legitimacy

Avi Shilon

in Menachem Begin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162356
eISBN:
9780300189032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162356.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

On October 28, 1956, Israel, working with France and Britain, launched Operation Kadesh to attack Egypt. Earlier that month, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal, which ... More


Interference in Knesset Procedures

Daniel Friedmann

in The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190278502
eISBN:
9780190278533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This chapter describes several instances of court interference in Knesset procedures, and the implications thereof. The Supreme Court began to interject itself into the Knesset’s proceedings at the ... More


The Supreme Court Writes a Constitution

Daniel Friedmann

in The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190278502
eISBN:
9780190278533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This chapter addresses the Supreme Court’s invention of an Israeli constitution through the use of its powers of legal interpretation. Israel, as a matter of fact, has no official document enacted by ... More


Constraints and Players: The External Environment, Proportional Representation System, and National Security Establishment

Charles D. Freilich

in Zion's Dilemmas: How Israel Makes National Security Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451041
eISBN:
9780801465741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451041.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter describes the uniquely harsh and dangerous external environment that Israel faces, along with its implications for the country's national security choices. It begins with an overview of ... More


Failure and Resistance

Alexander Kaye

in The Invention of Jewish Theocracy: The Struggle for Legal Authority in Modern Israel

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190922740
eISBN:
9780190099954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190922740.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The attempts of religious Zionists to establish halakha as the law of Israel failed. This chapter examines the response of religious Zionist leaders to this failure, and their bitter resentment of ... More


Changes and Reform Proposals

Daniel Friedmann

in The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190278502
eISBN:
9780190278533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.003.0032
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This chapter sets forth several proposals for overturning the Supreme Court’s inexplicable hold over the other branches of government. Tantamount to these reforms was the work of putting the ... More


The Court Today: Moderate Rulings, Radical Principles

Daniel Friedmann

in The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190278502
eISBN:
9780190278533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.003.0036
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This concluding chapter turns to more recent developments in the history of Israeli governance following Dorit Beinisch’s retirement in 2012. Her replacement, Chief Justice Asher Grunis, advocated a ... More


A State Is Born

Daniel Friedmann

in The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190278502
eISBN:
9780190278533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This chapter presents the stormy beginnings of the Israeli state. On May 14, 1948, just a few hours before the end of the British Mandate over Palestine, David Ben-Gurion declared the establishment ... More


Undermining the Political System

Daniel Friedmann

in The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190278502
eISBN:
9780190278533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This chapter illustrates the gradual weakening of Israel’s central government as its judicial system gained power dramatically. Following Menachem Begin’s resignation, an intense rivalry grew between ... More


Jewish Racists Meet Palestinian Nationalists in the Knesset

Daniel Friedmann

in The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190278502
eISBN:
9780190278533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This chapter shows how the Supreme Court had intervened in elections after Meir Shamgar took to his post as the chief justice in 1983. In doing so, it affected the nature of Israel’s parliament, its ... More


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