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Reaction Dynamics in Femtosecond and Microsecond Time Windows: Ammonia Clusters as a Paradigm

S. Wei and A. W. , Jr Castleman

in Chemical Reactions in Clusters

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195090048
eISBN:
9780197560594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195090048.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The last decade has seen tremendous growth in the study of gas phase clusters. Some areas of cluster research which have received considerable attention in this regard include solvation (Lee et al. ... More


Theory of Radiative Transfer

R. M. Goody and Y. L. Yung

in Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195051346
eISBN:
9780197560976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195051346.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

In common with astrophysical usage the word intensity will denote specific intensity of radiation, i.e., the flux of energy in a given direction per second per unit frequency (or wavelength) range ... More


Balance of energy and entropy imbalance

Lallit Anand and Sanjay Govindjee

in Continuum Mechanics of Solids

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198864721
eISBN:
9780191896767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864721.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the first and second laws of thermodynamics. The first law represents a balance between the rate of change of the internal energy plus the rate of change of kinetic energy of ... More


Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Internal Energy Transfer Calculations Using Neural Network (NN) Methods

Lionel Raff, Ranga Komanduri, Martin Hagan, and Satish Bukkapatnam

in Neural Networks in Chemical Reaction Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199765652
eISBN:
9780197563113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765652.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Genetic algorithms (GA), like NNs, can be used to fit highly nonlinear functional forms, such as empirical interatomic potentials from a large ensemble of data. Briefly, a genetic algorithm uses a ... More


Fundamentals Of Atomistic Simulations

Vasily Bulatov and Wei Cai

in Computer Simulations of Dislocations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198526148
eISBN:
9780191916618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198526148.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Fundamentally, materials derive their properties from the interaction between their constituent atoms. These basic interactions make the atoms assemble in a particular crystalline structure. The ... More


Case Study Of Dynamic Simulation

Vasily Bulatov and Wei Cai

in Computer Simulations of Dislocations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198526148
eISBN:
9780191916618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198526148.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

The preceding chapter focused on the dislocation core structure at zero temperature obtained by energy minimization. In this chapter we will discuss a case study of dislocation motion at finite ... More


Dynamic Performance Characteristics, Part 2

Fred V. Brock and Scott J. Richardson

in Meteorological Measurement Systems

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195134513
eISBN:
9780197561584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195134513.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The first-order model discussed in chap. 6 is inadequate when there is more than one energy storage reservoir in the system to be modeled. If the sensor is linear it can be modeled with a ... More


Dynamic Performance Characteristics, Part 1

Fred V. Brock and Scott J. Richardson

in Meteorological Measurement Systems

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195134513
eISBN:
9780197561584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195134513.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

When the input to a sensor is changing rapidly, we observe performance characteristics that are due to the change in input and are not related to static performance characteristics. In this chapter ... More


Operational Constraints in Diagrammatic Reasoning

Atsushi Shimojima

in Logical Reasoning with Diagrams

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104271
eISBN:
9780197560983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780195104271.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

Diagrammatic reasoning is reasoning whose task is partially taken over by operations on diagrams. It consists of two kinds of activities: (i) physical operations, such as drawing and erasing lines, ... More


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