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An Islamic Developmental State? 1989–1997

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

in Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the shift from revolution to state-building and details how socioeconomic challenges, on the one hand, and memories of state and intellectual capital produced by the Pahlavi ... More


 Religious Antiglobalism

Mark Juergensmeyer

in Religion in Global Civil Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195188356
eISBN:
9780199785247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188356.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay explores the rise, characteristics, and agendas of religious antiglobalism movements. Using al-Qaeda and Ayatollah Khomeini as key examples, it describes how anti-secular, anti-Western ... More


Three Decades of Misreporting Iran and Iraq

Michael Rubin

in Blind Spot: When Journalists Don't Get Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374360
eISBN:
9780199871902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374360.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines coverage of Iran and Iraq and shows how it has veered from underestimating the political force in Iran of the Ayatollah Khomeini’s heterodox innovations to overestimating the ... More


Freedom of Speech

Anne Norton

in On the Muslim Question

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157047
eISBN:
9781400846351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157047.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines how the Muslim question has been linked to the question of freedom of speech. A clash of civilizations that saw the West as the realm of enlightenment, and Muslims in the realm ... More


Westoxification/Detoxification: Anti-Imperialist Political Thought in Iran

Kohn Margaret and McBride Keally

in Political Theories of Decolonization: Postcolonialism and the Problem of Foundations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195399578
eISBN:
9780199894437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399578.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on anti-imperialist themes in the work of Muslim writers. Even though postcolonial approaches to Islamic thought are rare, we think that there are important commonalities between ... More


Enraged Millennialism: Global Jihad (1400–1500 ah / 1979–2076 ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The chapter examines the role of apocalyptic in Islam. It begins with the mutation in Muslim apocalyptic literature at the approach of the year 2000, then goes back to Islamic origins as an ... More


Iran and Shiʿi Pilgrimage Networks: A Postrevolutionary Ideology

Kishwar Rizvi

in The Transnational Mosque: Architecture and Historical Memory in the Contemporary Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469621166
eISBN:
9781469624952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621166.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Commemoration is central to the rituals of devotion and nationalism enacted in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This chapter pertains to Shiʿi networks that have moved beyond national boundaries to ... More


Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Ali Gheissari (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Iran is a key player in some of the most crucial issues of our time. But because of its relative diplomatic isolation and the partisan nature of conflicting accounts voiced by different interest ... More


The Fundamental Problem in the Clerical Establishment

Morteza Motahhari and Hamid Dabashi

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Morteza Motahari, assassinated in May 1979, was one of the most important ideologues of the Islamic revolution. A vociferous writer, he ardently attacked Iranian secular intellectuals and the ... More


Analysis of Khomeini's Proofs for al-Wilaya al-Mutalqa (Comprehensive Authority) of the Jurist

Hamid Mavani

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Ayatollah Khomeini's objective was to eliminate any restrictions to the ulama's power, so that their authority would be equal to that of the Prophet and the Hidden Imam. This chapter examines the ... More


The Portrayal of an Academic Rivalry: Najaf and Qum in the Writings and Speeches of Khomeini, 1964–78

Devin J. Stewart

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses the historical rivalry between Najaf and Qom and Khomeini's role in accentuating this rivalry. Khomeini, after being exiled to Iraq, had hoped to achieve the status of marjaʿ ... More


The Counterreformation: Becoming a Marjaʿ in the Modern World

Linda S. Walbridge

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Since the Iranian revolution, reforms have been put into place that have caused the marjaʿiya to undergo substantial change, which has been brought about, both intentionally and inadvertently, by the ... More


Unintended Consequences: The Lead-Up to the Iranian Revolution

Lior B. Sternfeld

in Between Iran and Zion: Jewish Histories of Twentieth-Century Iran

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781503606142
eISBN:
9781503607170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503606142.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The ultimate success of the nation-building project, led by the Shah, was evident in the decade leading up to the revolution—when the Jewish community in Iran finally achieved its release from ... More


Islamization: The Tarboosh and the Beard

Patrick D. Gaffney

in The Prophet's Pulpit: Islamic Preaching in Contemporary Egypt

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520084711
eISBN:
9780520914582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520084711.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

The organization which became known as Jamā'at al-Takfir wa al-Hijira (Society of Repudiation and Holy Flight) was a relatively small extremist group that carried out one of the most daring assaults ... More


Trek to Nowhere

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0023
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The shah's decision to leave was hard on his friends and supporters, many of whom believed at the time that if the shah remained, Khomeini would not return to Iran. The decision disheartened the ... More


Almost Bartered

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0025
Subject:
History, Middle East History

After Khomeini had decreed that those who had worked with the shah were ipso facto guilty, the shah and his family went from place to place and were treated as hostages. The shah probably never knew ... More


The Danger of Music and the Case for Control

Richard Taruskin

in The Danger of Music and Other Anti-Utopian Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249776
eISBN:
9780520942790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249776.003.0026
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter discusses how music was treated in different countries for example by the Taliban and in Afghanistan. In Afghanistan music was totally banned, whereas in other countries music was under ... More


Thinking the Unthinkable: The Revolutionary Movement in Iran

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

in Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution After the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816699483
eISBN:
9781452955254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699483.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter draws a detailed picture of how the revolutionary movements in Iran began and the contingencies within which it unfolded. It highlights its religious character and shows how that ... More


Theology, Sectarianism, and the Limits of Reform: The Making of Shiʿism in the Land of the Pure

Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

in In a Pure Muslim Land: Shi'ism between Pakistan and the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649795
eISBN:
9781469649818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649795.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter investigates the first decades after the founding of Pakistan in 1947. Shi‘i immigrants from North India became pitted against a local Punjabi trend of reformist Shi‘i teaching that ... More


Khomeini’s Perplexed Pakistani Men: Importing and Debating the Iranian Revolution Since 1979

Simon Wolfgang Fuchs

in In a Pure Muslim Land: Shi'ism between Pakistan and the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649795
eISBN:
9781469649818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649795.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter argues that during the early months and years after the Iranian Revolution, Pakistani Shi‘i ‘ulama remained primarily occupied with domestic events. Even ardent supporters of Khomeini ... More


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