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Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

George Basalla

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book records the long scientific search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Although philosophical speculation about alien civilizations dates to antiquity, the invention of the telescope ... More


Reconstructing Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many of the perceived failures of Aristotelian natural philosophy in the late 16th and early 17th centuries were put down to his conception of method. In fact, both defenders of Aristotle and his ... More


Newton's Phenomena

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the phenomena Newton cites. It introduces Römer’s measurement of a finite speed of light obtained from eclipses of one of Jupiter’s moons. It reviews Newton’s Phenomenon 1 and ... More


The giants

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Newton truly did stand on the shoulders of giants whose work prepared the way for modern science. For astronomy and gravity, these were Ptolemy, Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, and Kepler. Their individual ... More


The universal force

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the last half of the 18th century, the validity of the inverse square law was an urgent question. Kepler's laws of motion showed how the planets revolve around the Sun, but the form of the law ... More


The system of the world

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

From the Sun to beyond Pluto, giant worlds, mini-planets, moons, and comets move in thrall to the law of gravitation. This has been called the System of the World for millennia. It is so large that ... More


Life on the Moon

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Life on the Moon — an old notion — was revived by the astronomical work of Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century and the invention of the optical telescope in the early 17th century. Galileo ... More


Asteroseismic Data Analysis: Foundations and Techniques

Sarbani Basu and William J. Chaplin

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691162928
eISBN:
9781400888207
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162928.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Studies of stars and stellar populations, and the discovery and characterization of exoplanets, are being revolutionized by new satellite and telescope observations of unprecedented quality and ... More


Histories of Heaven

Alastair Fowler

in Time's Purpled Masquers: Stars and the Afterlife in Renaissance English Literature

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183402
eISBN:
9780191674037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183402.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Renaissance science and theology interacted rather than diverged, in a period of fruitful dialogue. Renaissance astronomy, with its combination of ... More


Light and Death: Figuration in Spenser, Kepler, Donne, Milton

Judith H. Anderson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272778
eISBN:
9780823272822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272778.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Death, light, figuration, and, especially, analogical expressions of figuration are the primary subjects of this book. They generate associated interests: the relation of literature and science, the ... More


Fictions of the Cosmos: Science and Literature in the Seventeenth Century

Frederique Ait-Touati

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226011226
eISBN:
9780226011240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226011240.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In today's academe, the fields of science and literature are considered unconnected, one relying on raw data and fact, the other focusing on fiction. During the period between the Renaissance and the ... More


Theorems on order

Barry M. McCoy

in Advanced Statistical Mechanics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556632
eISBN:
9780191723278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556632.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses Hales proof of Kepler's conjecture for densest packing of hard spheres and recent extensions to hard ellipsoids. It gives the proofs of lack of certain types of order in one ... More


Galileo's Telescope

Howard Marchitello

in The Machine in the Text: Science and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608058
eISBN:
9780191729492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter discusses one of the great revolutions in early modern cosmology: the discovery of blemishes on the sun. In his Letters on Sunspots, Galileo understood these spots to constitute ... More


The Purposive Development of Human Capacities

Karl Ameriks

in Kant's Elliptical Path

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199693689
eISBN:
9780191745584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693689.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins the section of the book focusing on Kant's discussions of a final purpose for existence. Kant compares the main hypothesis of his essay on the Idea of history with Kepler's ... More


The Pursuit of Harmony: Kepler on Cosmos, Confession, and Community

Aviva Rothman

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226496979
eISBN:
9780226497020
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226497020.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Pursuit of Harmony follows astronomer Johannes Kepler and his efforts to establish harmony across the religious, scientific, and political boundaries of seventeenth-century Europe. Kepler, it ... More


Kepler’s SN OF AD 1604

F. Richard Stephenson and David A. Green

in Historical Supernovae and their Remnants

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507666
eISBN:
9780191709876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507666.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The most recent Galactic SN that can be confidently identified was seen in AD 1604, some five years before the advent of telescopic astronomy. This star, which appeared in Ophiuchus, reached a peak ... More


Interstellar Overdrive

Nicholas Mee

in Celestial Tapestry: The Warp and Weft of Art and Mathematics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851950
eISBN:
9780191886690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851950.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Kepler sought patterns and symmetry in the laws of nature. In 1611 he wrote a booklet, De Niva Sexangular (The Six-Cornered Snowflake), in which he attempted to explain the structure of familiar ... More


Gravitational Scattering

John A. Adam

in Rays, Waves, and Scattering: Topics in Classical Mathematical Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691148373
eISBN:
9781400885404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148373.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter discusses Kepler's laws of planetary motion in relation to gravitational scattering. Gravitational scattering occurs when the paths of particles passing near a massive body are ... More


The Emergence of Kepler's Copernican Representation

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

At the end of the 1580s, Nicolaus Copernicus's theory was one alternative amid a proliferating field of representations of celestial order. Copernicus's proponents were distributed among different ... More


Kepler's Early Audiences, 1596–1600

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Johannes Kepler's early representation of the heavens embodied an unprecedented convergence of elements in the political space of the Tübingen theological orthodoxy. The Mysterium Cosmographicum ... More


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