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: Visions of Freedom: The Response to Totalitarianism

Noël O’Sullivan

in The British Study of Politics in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262948
eISBN:
9780191734762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262948.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter considers four of the most influential visions that characterized the response to totalitarianism, and in particular the various concepts of limit they provide, since those are the basis ... More


Popper and Liberalism

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Karl Popper's commitment to political liberalism and its connection to his account on the rationality of science. It begins with the observation that liberalism must place a ... More


The Rising Tide: Neoliberal Ideas in the Postwar Period

Daniel Stedman Jones

in Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161013
eISBN:
9781400851836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161013.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter talks about how a distinct neoliberal worldview was built on the foundations of the critique of New Deal liberalism and social democracy synthesized in the writings of Ludwig von Mises, ... More


 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

Noretta Koertge

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the attempts of sociologists of science such as Parsons and Merton, and philosophers of science such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Popper, to characterize the norms that guide the ... More


Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Massimo Pigliucci and Maarten Boudry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What sets the practice of rigorously tested, sound science apart from pseudoscience? This book seeks to answer this question, known to philosophers of science as “the demarcation problem.” This issue ... More


The Spiritual Quest: Transcendence in Myth, Religion, and Science

Robert Torrance

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520081321
eISBN:
9780520920163
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520081321.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This study argues that the spiritual quest is rooted in our biological, psychological, linguistic, and social nature. The quest is not, as most have believed, a rare mystical experience, but a ... More


The Reality of Transcendence

Robert M. Torrance

in The Spiritual Quest: Transcendence in Myth, Religion, and Science

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520081321
eISBN:
9780520920163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520081321.003.0016
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter argues that one should locate the reality of visions in an autonomous world of cultural or psychic forms rather than in a continually changing relation between the vision and the ... More


Probabilism

Colin Howson

in Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Considers whether probability theory offers a way round Hume's argument, as has sometimes been contended. There are theorems of formal probability theory that appear to show that suitable evidence ... More


Governance through education: Herman Bondi, Karl Popper and the making of scientific citizens

Neil Calver

in Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719090981
eISBN:
9781526115133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090981.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Popperian Knight, Sir Hermann Bondi, sought to incorporate his mentor's ideals of creativity, imagination purity and scepticism into British teaching - whether in the sciences or the humanities. ... More


Appendix: The Philosophers’ Atom

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This appendix offers a brief outline of how philosophers of science since the 1960s have thought about the Bohr atomic theory. One group of problems that has attracted philosophical interest relates ... More


The Demarcation Problem: A (Belated) Response to Laudan

Massimo Pigliucci

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Laudan's claim that the demarcation problem has been solved was premature. It first reviews Karl Popper's original arguments concerning demarcation and falsification. It then ... More


Against ‘Engineers of Human Souls’: Berlin’s Anti-Managerial Liberalism

Joshua L. Cherniss

in A Mind and its Time: The Development of Isaiah Berlin's Political Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199673261
eISBN:
9780191751714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673261.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter reveals opposition to tendencies towards scientistic and/or technocratic paternalism—a complex of ideas and inclinations identified here as ‘managerialism’—to have been central to ... More


Another brick in the wall

Thomas Docherty

in The new treason of the intellectuals: Can the University survive?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526132741
eISBN:
9781526138965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526132741.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Between 1945-1989 we can trace a growing conflation of economic liberalism with social and cultural liberalism, such that social liberalism becomes engulfed by neoliberal capital and subsumed under ... More


Integrating Music: Personal and Global Transformations

Michael Tenzer

in Analytical and Cross-Cultural Studies in World Music

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384581
eISBN:
9780199918331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384581.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

The act of cross-cultural musical comparison itself is fraught and in many ways forbidding due to the bewildering complexity of linking aspects of our inner selves with seemingly untranslatable and ... More


A Biographer’s Life

Brain Boyd

in Stalking Nabokov

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158572
eISBN:
9780231530293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158572.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter is the author's speech, delivered after he was awarded the Einhard Prize for Biography on March 17, 2001, in the medieval town of Seligenstadt, Germany. In his speech the author talks ... More


From Complexity to Order

Naomi Beck

in Hayek and the Evolution of Capitalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226556000
eISBN:
9780226556147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556147.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The second chapter begins with an examination of Hayek’s foray into psychology, and his explanation for how the mind functions and learns in The Sensory Order (1952). Via this inquiry into the nature ... More


A history of cerebellum research: Science, scientists, and the competition of ideas and evidence

John Montgomery and David Bodznick

in Evolution of the Cerebellar Sense of Self

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198758860
eISBN:
9780191834752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758860.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The effectiveness and efficiency with which science advances our understanding depend on a philosophy of rational criticism, as advocated by Karl Popper, but also on the institutions of science, ... More


Conclusion: A Family's Legacy

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Exners began to see the need for boundaries due to the commercialization of the Wolfgangsee. The transformations in the configuration of “public” and “private” life at the Wolfgangsee were ... More


The Order of Politicality

Cedric J. Robinson and Erica R. Edwards

in The Terms of Order: Political Science and the Myth of Leadership

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469628219
eISBN:
9781469628226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628219.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

In this chapter, Robinson discusses democracy and the political paradigm, consciousness of politicality as ideology, and the ideas of authority and order. Defining the political as a paradigm and ... More


Two Beginnings: An Overture in the First Person

Menachem Fisch

in Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226514482
eISBN:
9780226514659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226514659.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter describes how the project of Creatively Undecided evolved out of my earlier work. The works of George Peacock, William Whewell, John Herschel and W. R. Hamilton I studied during the 1990s ... More


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