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Olive Schreiner and the Dream of Labour

Ruth Livesey

in Socialism, Sex, and the Culture of Aestheticism in Britain, 1880-1914

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263983
eISBN:
9780191734731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263983.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

On her arrival in London in the early 1880s, Olive Schreiner became a regular visitor to many socialist clubs and debates and developed her interest in the movement hand in hand with her pursuit of ... More


BREAKING THE BARRIER: OUT INTO A BROADER DOMAIN

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

By the 1830s, as large volumes of official data were compiled and tabulated, frequential regularity exhibited by them inspired some mathematicians (Venn, C. S. Peirce) to develop the frequency theory ... More


Daring to Know: Karl Pearson and the Romance of Science

George Levine

in Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475363
eISBN:
9780226475387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475387.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter outlines the literary and critical work of Karl Pearson. Pearson's Grammar of Science is a superb updating of the epistemology of dying to know. His epistemological journey places his ... More


Fear of Falling: Evolutionary Degeneration and the Politics of Panmixia

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Political Descent closes with a consideration of the young socialist statistician, Karl Pearson. Pearson debated the extent to which Weismann's views had implications for socialist politics. In the ... More


Sympathetic Selection: Eugenics

Rob Boddice

in The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution, and Victorian Civilization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040580
eISBN:
9780252099021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040580.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 returns to the blueprint for the evolution of sympathy in Darwin’s Descent, picking up at the point where Darwin introduces a paradoxical prediction of degeneration, caused by the same ... More


The Epistemology of Science and Art: Pearson and Pater

George Levine

in Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475363
eISBN:
9780226475387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475387.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter covers the literary and critical works of Karl Pearson and Walter Pater. Pater and Pearson are separated philosophically not by any combat about realism, nor by the thoroughness of their ... More


Peirce and Pearson: The Aims of Inquiry

Doug Anderson and Michael J. Rovine

in Conversations on Peirce: Reals and Ideals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823234677
eISBN:
9780823238842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234677.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Peirce and Karl Pearson both focused on the philosophy of science and the importance of statistics for science. In this chapter, it is argued that Peirce's realistic conception of science is more ... More


The Roots of Biometrical Statistics

Theodore M. Porter

in The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208428
eISBN:
9780691210520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208428.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the roots of biometrical statistics. That the modern field of mathematical statistics developed out of biometry is not wholly fortuitous. The quantitative study of biological ... More


The Prospects for Survival from Conception to Childhood

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter takes a biological-demographic perspective. It addresses a number of complex questions. What is the most likely age pattern of mortality risk between conception and age one? How might ... More


Epilogue: Objectivity and Altruism

George Levine

in Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475363
eISBN:
9780226475387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475387.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The narrative of scientific epistemology draws the struggles and the triumphs of the quest for absolute truth without divine assistance. The problem of objectivity was the problem that worried Karl ... More


Mill, Darwin, and the Idealists: Finding a Basis for Social Explanation

Sandra M. Den Otter

in British Idealism and Social Explanation: A Study in Late Victorian Thought

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206002
eISBN:
9780191676901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206002.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

Throughout the 19th century, the methods and discoveries of the natural sciences revolutionized social explanation. Victorian social theorists insisted that the positive sciences could not help but ... More


G. H. Lewes and Karl Pearson

W. J. Mander

in The Unknowable: A Study in Nineteenth-Century British Metaphysics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198809531
eISBN:
9780191846878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809531.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examining the cases of two further nineteenth-century empiricists, this chapter begins by considering how G. H. Lewes moved from an early position of neo-Comtean positivism which was avowedly ... More


Interrelated and Correlated

Steven J. Osterlind

in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831600
eISBN:
9780191869532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes quantifying events in America and their historical context. The cotton gin is invented and has tremendous impact on the country, bringing sentiments of taxation and slavery to ... More


The Ship of Logic on the High Seas of Discourse: (Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, a little Gilbert Ryle)

Ken Hirschkop

in Linguistic Turns, 1890-1950: Writing on Language as Social Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198745778
eISBN:
9780191874253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198745778.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Chapter 3 looks at the linguistic turn in analytic philosophy as it emerges from Gottlob Frege, gains momentum in Bertrand Russell, and finds elaboration in the early and middle work of Ludwig ... More


Reformation Protestantism

Joshua Bennett

in God and Progress: Religion and History in British Intellectual Culture, 1845–1914

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198837725
eISBN:
9780191874314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837725.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

Whereas the third chapter considers the ways in which Protestants used history to come to terms with an opposing religious system, the fourth explores developing Protestant responses to their own, ... More


A World of Artifice

Theodore M. Porter

in Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208411
eISBN:
9780691210544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208411.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how measurement activities were central in forming some of the most basic ideas of the physical sciences. It should be observed that this infatuation with measuring led to the ... More


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