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Critical Phenomena and Phase Transitions in Gels

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

The term “gel” has been used in a wide variety of contexts, and there have been difficulties in reaching an all-inclusive, workable definition for it. Perhaps the simplest way to proceed is to list ... More


Intermolecular Effects: I. The Constrained-Junction Model

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

The classical theories of rubber elasticity presented in chapter 2 are based on a hypothetical chain which may pass freely through its neighbors as well as through itself. In a real chain, however, ... More


Intermolecular Effects: II. Constraints along Network Chains

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

In the constrained-junction model presented in chapter 3, intermolecular correlations were assumed to suppress the fluctuations of junctions. According to this model, the elastic free energy of a ... More


Calculations and Simulations

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

The classical theories of rubber elasticity are based on the Gaussian chain model. The only molecular parameter that enters these theories is the mean-square end-to-end separation of the chains ... More


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