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Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Gillian Russell

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The analytic/synthetic distinction looks simple. It is a distinction between two different kinds of sentence: synthetic sentences are true in part because of the way the world is, and in part because ... More


Some Actual Positions on Psychological Reality

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter places some historically interesting actual positions among the possible positions on psychological reality, on linguistic competence. There is strong evidence that Chomsky is committed ... More


Questions of Reference

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

‘Rule theory’, or the claim that a simple rule is sufficient to give the meaning of I, is a myth. Theorists have not shown that it is even possible to say what this rule is, what it means, what it ... More


Interest‐Relative Invariantism versus Relativism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Relativism about knowledge-attributions is the thesis that knowledge attributions express propositions the truth of which is relative to a judge. On this view, a knowledge attribution may express a ... More


Embedding Under Tense Operators

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

David Kaplan was one of the most vivid supporters of the view that there are temporal contents which tense operators operate on. The conclusion that the truth-value of sentence content may be ... More


Demonstrating and Necessity (2002) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter investigates the philosophical semantics of demonstratives. It is argued that Kaplan endorses Frege's thesis that a demonstration supplements a demonstrative (the bare expression) to ... More


Is De Re Belief Reducible to De Dicto? (1998) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The title question is disambiguated. One reading is given an affirmative response, the other a negative. Quine's argument against reducibility is criticized, Kaplan's contrary argument that ... More


Changing times: management accounting research and practice from a UK perspective

Robert W. Scapens

in Contemporary Issues in Management Accounting

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283361
eISBN:
9780191712623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283361.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the changes that have been taking place in management accounting research and practice in recent years, focusing on management accounting research and practice in the UK. The ... More


The Early Stage: The Sixties

Michael L. Morgan

in Beyond Auschwitz: Post-Holocaust Jewish Thought in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195148626
eISBN:
9780199870011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148622.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the way in which post‐Holocaust Jewish thought began to emerge in the 1960s and its role within Jewish religious thought. These post‐Holocaust Jewish thinkers did not constitute ... More


Operators, the Anaphoric ‘That’, and Temporally Neutral Propositions

Herman Cappelen and John Hawthorne

in Relativism and Monadic Truth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199560554
eISBN:
9780191720963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560554.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is divided into four parts. Section 1 presents and rejects a Kaplanian argument against Simplicity, the so-called Operator Argument. Section 2 presents and rejects an argument against ... More


Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Joseph Almog and Paolo Leonardi (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Keith Donnellan of UCLA is one of the founding fathers of contemporary philosophy of language, along with David Kaplan and Saul Kripke. Donnellan was and is an extremely creative thinker whose ... More


Acquaintance

David Bostock

in Russell's Logical Atomism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Russell invokes acquaintance with particular objects, with universals, and (tentatively) with the concepts of logic, in each case as the explanation of our understanding of propositions. The first ... More


Wilfrid Sellars’s Anti-Descriptivism

Kevin Scharp

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The work of Kripke, Putnam, Kaplan, and others initiated a tradition that has come to be known as anti-descriptivism. This chapter argues that when properly interpreted, Sellars is a staunch ... More


Three Perspectives on Quantifying In *

Nathan Salmon

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

Three competing accounts of belief de re (Russellian primary occurrence, “relational” belief, quantification into a belief context) are extracted from David Kaplan's classic article “Quantifying In”: ... More


How to Think about Words

Gary Ebbs

in Truth and Words

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Tarski–Quine thesis and the Intersubjectivity Constraint appear incompatible. This chapter argues that the appearance is rooted in our acceptance of a standard conception of words, according to ... More


What Is De Re Belief?

Robert Stalnaker

in The Philosophy of David Kaplan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367881
eISBN:
9780199867585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367881.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter brings out some of the interconnections between the specific issues about the logical form of de re belief attributions and the broader issues about intentionality. It begins by going ... More


Introduction: reference and singular thought

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

The discovery of the twin categories of reference and singular thought is widely felt to be one of the landmark achievements of twentieth-century analytic philosophy. On the one hand there is the ... More


Tense and Intension (2003)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is demonstrated how to incorporate the traditional notion of a proposition as eternal and unvarying in truth value into a semantic theory like that of David Kaplan, by distinguishing among not ... More


Attitudes De Dicto and De Se

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this wide‐ranging paper, Lewis defends the view that propositional attitudes consist in relations to properties, which themselves are sets of possible individuals. In so doing, he champions the ... More


Evidence, High Probability, and Belief

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is argued that evidence must supply a good reason for belief, and that the latter requires that the objective epistemic probability of the hypothesis on the evidence be greater than half. ... More


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