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Ethics and Qualities of Life

Joel J. Kupperman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308198
eISBN:
9780199867325
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308198.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book looks at what enters into ethical judgment and choice. Interpretation of a case and of what the options are is always a factor, as is a sense of the possible values at stake. Intuitions ... More


Dogmatics and Ethics

Gerald Mckenny

in The Analogy of Grace: Karl Barth's Moral Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199582679
eISBN:
9780191722981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582679.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

If ethics is to attest God's grace to humanity (the ethics of human confirmation of divine grace) rather than betraying it (the ethics of human self‐assertion), then it must be carried out as the ... More


From Morality to Virtue

Michael Slote

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There has been a recent revival of interest in virtue ethics. Some have asked for more attention to the virtues within the compass of familiar underlying approaches to morality like utilitarianism ... More


Kantian Consequentialism

David Cummiskey

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kantians and Consequentialists alike have presumed that Kantian ethics is incompatible with all forms of consequentialism, and that it instead justifies a system of agent‐centered restrictions, or ... More


 Liturgical Selfhood: Hermann Cohen's “Religion of Reason”

Steven Kepnes

in Jewish Liturgical Reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313819
eISBN:
9780199785650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313819.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Cohen's Religion of Reason is based on careful textual reasonings of Torah and creative interpretations of Jewish liturgies such as the Sabbath and High Holidays. Cohen places liturgy at the crucial ... More


Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The essays in this collection interpret and develop Kant's ideas on ethics. The first part of the book focuses on basic concepts: a priori method, good will, categorical imperatives, autonomy, and ... More


 The Evolution of Ethical Theories

Joel J. Kupperman

in Ethics and Qualities of Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308198
eISBN:
9780199867325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308198.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores ways in which an ethical theory can develop through time, and in particular the variations in Kantian and consequentialist ethical theories. It argues that if offered a choice ... More


Kantian Pluralism

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This essay characterizes the type of ethical theory that Kant developed, comparing it with contemporary theories along several dimensions. The essay distinguishes several senses in which an ethical ... More


Happiness and Human Flourishing

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Reviews the role of happiness in Kant's moral and political philosophy and contrasts his ideas of happiness with ideas of human flourishing prominent in ancient philosophy. It considers possible ... More


Ethical Theory and Choice

Joel J. Kupperman

in Character

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096545
eISBN:
9780199852918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096545.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores ways in which an ethical theory can develop through time and, in particular, variations in Kantian ethical theories. The chapter argues that a Kantian could say that we have ... More


How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues

Roger Crisp (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752349
eISBN:
9780191597251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752342.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contains 14 specially commissioned papers on aspects of virtue ethics, and a substantial introduction that also serves as an introduction to virtue ethics. Topics covered include the practical ... More


Penthesilea and the Law Before Oedipus

in The Equivocation of Reason: Kleist Reading Kant

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804755870
eISBN:
9780804768269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804755870.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Kantian Law is philosophically prior rather than an encryption of the Oedipus complex. Its priority is not the fictional priority of that which has abstracted from the ... More


The Purpose, Definition, and Structure of Free Choice

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Free choice is the ability to keep justice, which Anselm defines as rightness of will kept for its own sake. He proposes a hierarchical analysis of free choice which prefigures the work of Harry ... More


Donagan's Kant

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Reviews at length Alan Donagan's Kantian ethical theory, as primarily expressed in his book, The Theory of Morality. Donagan's method of developing the theory by examining a tradition of ... More


Iris Murdoch on Nobility and Moral Value

Roger Crisp

in Iris Murdoch, Philosopher

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289905
eISBN:
9780191728471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289905.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter begins with a discussion of Murdoch’s preference for attention to detail over general moral theory. An example of heroic action is then provided to facilitate such attention, and it is ... More


Partiality and the Virtues

John Cottingham

in How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752349
eISBN:
9780191597251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752342.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that the ethical excellences unfolded in the classical Aristotelian conception of the virtuous life presupposes a pre‐existing network of partialistic preferences, and that its resulting ... More


Introduction

Robert B. Louden

in Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072921
eISBN:
9780199852925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072921.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contemporary philosophers have grown increasingly skeptical towards both morality and moral theory. The skepticism concerning morality stems from the argument that moral considerations are not always ... More


Kantian Analysis: From Duty to Autonomy

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Distinguishes basic and more extreme ideas underlying three related Kantian themes: that fundamental questions of moral philosophy require an a priori method, that moral duties are conceived as ... More


Kant's Virtues

Onora O'Neill

in How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752349
eISBN:
9780191597251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752342.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kant's ethics is often but wrongly criticized for neglecting the virtues or offering a poor account of them. He in fact offers a rich and careful account, and a plausible reading of his theory of ... More


Basic Respect and Cultural Diversity

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Explores the implications of respect for humanity when interpreted as appropriately valuing persons as valuers. After briefly contrasting other historical views, the essay proposes ways for ... More


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