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Avicenna’s Intellectual and Historical Milieu

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter covers the historical, cultural, and intellectual background up to and during the time of Avicenna. It begins by presenting the Greek course curriculum taught at the ... More


Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition

Ibrahim Kalin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199735242
eISBN:
9780199852772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735242.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The 17th-century philosopher Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, known as Mullā Ṣadrā, attempted to reconcile the three major forms of knowledge in Islamic philosophical discourses: revelation (Qurʼān), ... More


Ibn al-ʿArabī's Hermeneutics of Mercy

William C. Chittick

in Mysticism and Sacred Scripture

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195097030
eISBN:
9780199848805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195097030.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter focuses on the writings of Andalusian sage Ibn al-ʿArabī, which combined the intuitive, mystical perspective of Sufism with the rational analysis of the experts in Kalam, in ... More


Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement

Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199450466
eISBN:
9780199082902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450466.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a scholar, intellectual, and nationalist who fought against British imperialists by drawing inspiration from the Koran. Twenty years before the freedom movement took hold ... More


Cosmological Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Inductive cosmological arguments are prima facie more promising for the natural theologian than deductive arguments, such as the Kalam cosmological argument, which is not sound. In the cosmological ... More


Pan-Islamism in India

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi: Pan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195658279
eISBN:
9780199081394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0007
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter discusses Pan-Islamism in India, and notes that it was only during the last few years of the nineteenth century when Turkey began to play an important role in the imagination of the ... More


Arts, Cultural Pageants and the State: The Nehru–Azad Dialogue

Balmiki Prasad Singh

in India's Culture: The State, the Arts, and Beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198060635
eISBN:
9780199080250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060635.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter begins by discussing the British approach to culture which was shaped by their policies of laissez-faire and paternalism. Subsequently leaders of the new republic approached the cultural ... More


Maimonides as a Student of Islamic Religious Thought: Revisiting Shlomo Pines’s “Translator’s Introduction” and Its Comments on al-Ghaza¯lı¯

Frank Griffel

in Maimonides' "Guide of the Perplexed" in Translation: A History from the Thirteenth Century to the Twentieth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226457635
eISBN:
9780226627878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226627878.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Shlomo Pines’ “Translator’s Introduction” to his English rendering of Maimonides’ Guide of the Perplexed appeared more than twenty-five years after his dissertation and interpretative article on ... More


Al-Jā-hiẓ: In Praise of Books

James Montgomery

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748683321
eISBN:
9780748695072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748683321.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book documents and explores a ninth century Muslim thinker’s response to an emergent information technology—widely available books written on rag-paper. By 850, in Baghdad rag-paper books were ... More


Physiognomy of Anapocalyptic Age

James E. Montgomery

in Al-Jā-hiẓ: In Praise of Books

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748683321
eISBN:
9780748695072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748683321.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter sets the scene by drawing a picture of the electric decade in which The Book of Living was written, between 847 and 857. The decade was characterized by the certainty of the imminence of ... More


Infinity, Causation, and Paradox

Alexander R. Pruss

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198810339
eISBN:
9780191847325
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810339.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Infinity is paradoxical in many ways. A particular large family of paradoxes is examined that on its face iswidely varied. Some involve deterministic supertasks, such as Thomson’s Lamp where a switch ... More


Islam in South Asia: Quest for Pluralism

T. N. Madan

in Modern Myths, Locked Minds: Secularism and Fundamentalism in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065104
eISBN:
9780199080182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The person who did most to link Islam with the Enlightenment in India was Sayyid Ahmad Khan, who attempted to overcome the hiatus between faith and reason without abandoning the fundamentals of ... More


Maimonides’ Knowledge of the Philosophical Literature in his Rabbinic Period

Herbert A. Davidson

in Maimonides the Rationalist

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113584
eISBN:
9781800340077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113584.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at how Maimonides incorporates philosophy into his works. Although a number of Maimonides' references to philosophers and philosophy cannot be traced, certain conclusions can be ... More


Maimonides’ Knowledge of the Philosophical Literature in his Later Period

Herbert A. Davidson

in Maimonides the Rationalist

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113584
eISBN:
9781800340077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113584.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the extent to which the evidence bears out the expectation that Maimonides has developed a greater familiarity with philosophical literature in his later years. It begins with ... More


Epilogue

Irfan Ahmad

in Religion as Critique: Islamic Critical Thinking from Mecca to the Marketplace

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635095
eISBN:
9781469635101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635095.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Epilogue offers a preliminary outline of a theory of critique. Engaging with Abdolkarim Soroush's theory of contraction and expansion (qabz v bast) in knowledge, it addresses the following ... More


Why Maimonides was not a Mutakallim

Warren Zev Harvey

in Perspectives on Maimonides: Philosophical and Historical Studies

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197100714
eISBN:
9781800340404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780197100714.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter addresses the question of why Maimonides was not a mutakallim, or practitioner of Kalām. Maimonides took great pains to differentiate himself from the mutakallimūn (the dialectical ... More


Azad, Nehru, and Partition

B. R. Nanda

in Jawaharlal Nehru: Rebel and Statesman

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195645866
eISBN:
9780199081363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

In his autobiography, India Wins Freedom, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad presents a personal account of the Partition of India. There is a tinge of bitterness in Maulana’s account, which is not surprising ... More


From Ibn Sīnā to Suhrawardī: The Contested Idea of Using Imagination after Death

L. W. C. van Lit

in The World of Image in Islamic Philosophy: Ibn Sina, Suhrawardi, Shahrazuri and Beyond

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474415859
eISBN:
9781474435024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415859.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The chapter knows three sections. First, Ibn Sīnā’s thinking on the role of the imagination in the afterlife is discussed. He works from the paradigm that only philosophers who have fully actualized ... More


A Menacing Mosque Reveals the Limits of Colonial Power

Mrinalini Rajagopalan

in Building Histories: The Archival and Affective Lives of Five Monuments in Modern Delhi

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226283470
eISBN:
9780226331898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226331898.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Starting in the 1930s the Jama Masjid was frequently coopted for anti-colonial demonstrations. As one of the few spaces in the city outside of British surveillance, the courtyard of the mosque ... More


Introduction

Mun’im Sirry

in Scriptural Polemics: The Qur'an and Other Religions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199359363
eISBN:
9780199359387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199359363.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Introduction highlights the purpose of the book and its main thesis. It discusses the theoretical considerations and explores the kind of innovative and creative thinking that modern Muslim ... More


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