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What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Fred Feldman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a philosophical study of the nature and value of happiness. Part I is devoted to critical discussion of the most important theories about the nature of happiness, understood as some sort ... More


Bayesian Epistemology

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Probabilistic models have much to offer to epistemology and philosophy of science. Arguably, the coherence theory of justification claims that the more coherent a set of propositions is, the more ... More


A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Jie W. Weiss and David J. Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Ward Edwards is well known as the father of behavioral decision making. In his 1954 Psychological Bulletin paper on decision making, he brought psychological ideas into what had been the province of ... More


Kahneman's “Objective Happiness”

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In ‘Objective Happiness', Daniel Kahneman apparently means to offer an account of the nature of happiness. A person's objective happiness level at a moment (or “instant utility”) is defined as the ... More


Rationality: Crossing the Fault Lines?

José Luis Bermúdez

in Decision Theory and Rationality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the relation between the different dimensions of rationality. Previous chapters have argued that decision theory cannot be developed in a way that will satisfy the requirements ... More


Moral Intuitions, Cognitive Psychology, and the Harming/Not-Aiding Distinction

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Previous chapters have made liberal use of intuitive judgments about cases and principles. The book has also discussed the difference of opinion between some nonconsequentialists and some ... More


Reliability

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Introduces different interpretations of witness reliability into the models and constructs Bayesian-Network representations. Applies the models to Condorcet-style jury voting and Tversky and ... More


Counterfactual Availability and Causal Judgment

Christopher Hitchcock

in Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590698
eISBN:
9780191731242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590698.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Although there are problems with efforts to analyze causation in terms of counterfactuals, mainly stemming from pre-emption, it is clear that causation and counterfactuals are closely related. While ... More


The Heuristics Debate

Mark Kelman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Researchers associated with the “Heuristics and Biases” (H&B) school and those who view heuristics as “Fast and Frugal” (F&F) problem-solving methods share much in common. They agree that people ... More


The Framework

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Researchers in both the “heuristics and biases” school and the school that extols the use of “fast and frugal” heuristics not only share similar methods but agree that people frequently make ... More


The Heuristics and Biases School

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Heuristics and biases theorists treat conventional rational choice models as normatively appealing, but descriptively inaccurate. The chapter emphasizes that people often perceive some feature P that ... More


Conclusion

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The chapter reviews the similarities, both methodological and substantive, between the heuristics and biases and the fast and frugal heuristics school. But it emphasizes to a greater extent ... More


VALUE IN NEOCLASSICAL ECONOMICS

Patrick L. Anderson

in The Economics of Business Valuation: Towards a Value Functional Approach

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804758307
eISBN:
9780804783224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758307.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The neoclassical model is familiar to generations of college students. This chapter reviews the emergence of the neoclassical or “marginalist” school of economics in the late 19th century, and its ... More


Psychology

Robert G. Hagstrom

in Investing: The Last Liberal Art, Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160100
eISBN:
9780231531016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160100.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the relevance of psychology to the world of investing. Psychologists are concerned with understanding all workings of the brain—the part that controls cognition (the process of ... More


Decision Making

Robert G. Hagstrom

in Investing: The Last Liberal Art, Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160100
eISBN:
9780231531016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160100.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the importance of decision making in the art and science of investing. It begins by looking at Shane Frederick's research on cognitive reasoning, and in particular how readily ... More


Bearing Up in The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African

Daniel M. Gross

in Uncomfortable Situations: Emotion between Science and the Humanities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226485034
eISBN:
9780226485171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226485171.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Methodologically, chapter 2 offers a corrective to certain cognitive and Darwinist approaches to literature while developing a more detailed example of emotion, or affect criticism. It picks up a ... More


Mixed Feelings in Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility

Daniel M. Gross

in Uncomfortable Situations: Emotion between Science and the Humanities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226485034
eISBN:
9780226485171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226485171.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Mixed feelings, the topic of Chapter 4, are famously at the heart of Jane Austen's novel Sense and Sensibility (1811), and we think we know what that means, like a recipe: combine two parts a feeling ... More


The Collapse of Cold War Rationality

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From the 1970s well into the 1990s, psychological research on human rationality was dominated by the so-called heuristics-and-biases approach as developed by Daniel Kahneman, Amos Tversky, and ... More


Ultimate Good, Part II: Hedonism

Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer

in The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199603695
eISBN:
9780191781834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603695.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick’s version of hedonism sees happiness as consisting of intrinsically desirable states of consciousness and therefore combines elements of both internalism and externalism. We compare this ... More


Epilogue

Ivan Moscati

in Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The epilogue reviews the key passages in the history of economists’ ideas, discussions, and research on the measurability of utility between 1870 and 1985 and points to three main research programs ... More


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