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Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Patrick Vinton Kirch

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

In early Hawaiʻi, kuaʻāina were the hinterlands inhabited by nākuaʻāina, or country folk. Often these were dry, less desirable areas where much skill and hard work were required to wrest a living ... More


Kahikinui, “Great Tahiti” (Kahikinui, Maui, 1995–2000)

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Unearthing the Polynesian Past: Explorations and Adventures of an Island Archaeologist

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824853457
eISBN:
9780824868345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824853457.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter describes a re-engagement with Hawaiian archaeology through research efforts in Kahikinui, one of the twelve ancient districts (moku) of Maui. Some might have thought Kahikinui an odd ... More


Discovering Ancient Kahikinui

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter begins with a discussion of the history of archaeology in Hawaii and its links to the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. It then presents the author’s account of his fieldwork on Maui in the ... More


Return to Kahikinui

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter presents the author’s account of returning to Kahikinui nearly thirty years after he spent the summer of 1966 mapping archaeological sites. With thirty years of experience behind him, ... More


Lava Landscapes

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter describes the formation of the Kahikinui landscape. The land of Kahikinui was formed of endless lava outpourings that cascaded for tens of thousands of years from the craters and cinder ... More


Stones Stacked upon Stones

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter describes Hawaii’s stone architectural constructions. The ancient Hawaiians continually modified and rearranged their landscapes by clearing and leveling small patches of earth, building ... More


Time

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter first considers the traditional Hawaiian methods of telling time and recounting the past. It then turns to the question of when people first settled in Kahikinui. The question can be ... More


Farming the Rock

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses dry-farming and sweet potato cultivation in Kahikinui. A combination of topography and climate make Kahikinui a dry, parched, and—during periods of drought—even desiccated ... More


Kauhale: Domestic Life of Nā Kua‘āina

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses excavations of household sites across Kahikinui. Nineteen kauhale (which translates “group of houses”) clusters were studied, most of which date to the pre-contact period, ... More


How Many Maka‘āinana?

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter addresses the question of how many people once lived in the vast moku of Kahikinui. The first Hawaiian farmers permanently settled the district around A.D. 1400. Initially, the ... More


The Archaeology of Hydrology

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses Kahikinui’s changing hydrology. It considers the possibility that Kahikinui might not always have been as waterless as it appears today. In historic times, many small drainages ... More


Heiau: Sites of Sacrifice and Power

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter focuses on the places that were of particular significance in the spiritual and ritual lives of nā kuaʻāina (backwoods folks)—those places and sites collectively called heiau. The term ... More


Seasons of the Gods

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter describes the author’s examination of the positions and locations of heiau in Kahikinui. He observed that temple sites fell into three clusters. Most common were heiau that faced east; ... More


The Hao of La Pérouse

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter describes an encounter between French explorers and the Kahikinui people. In May 1786, the French frigates La Boussole and L’Astrolabe, under the command of Jean-François de Galaup de la ... More


The Catechist of St. Ynez

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter first discusses the tumultuous religious and cultural changes that swept through Hawaii in the early nineteenth century, reaching even into remote moku such as Kahikinui. It then turns ... More


Paiko’s Windmill

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter focuses on an individual known as Paiko. Manuel Pico came to the islands on a whaling ship, possibly in the 1840s. He hailed from the island of Pico in the Azores, and hence was called ... More


Epilogue: The Future of Kahikinui

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter reflects on the future of Kahikinui. It argues that Kahikinui will remain a kuaʻāina, an out district, literally the “back of the land.” The lack of water is perhaps the most serious ... More


Prologue: In the Land of La‘amaikahiki

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Kua'aina Kahiko: Life and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839550
eISBN:
9780824871475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses the author’s reasons for choosing Kahikinui as the site of a major archaeological project. At first glance this arid, leeward southeastern slope of Haleakalā volcano is a ... More


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