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A New Science of Molecules

Brent R. Stockwell

in The Quest for the Cure: The Science and Stories Behind the Next Generation of Medicines

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152136
eISBN:
9780231525527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152136.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explains how small molecules came to be used as drugs and how they function mechanistically. It begins by focusing on the emergence of organic chemistry and the role played by Justus von ... More


The Architect of Molecules

in Image and Reality: Kekule, Kopp, and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226723327
eISBN:
9780226723358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723358.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Around the middle of the nineteenth century, a number of important figures in the world of chemistry were in London to experiment with molecules. They included Reinhold Hofmann, Hermann Kolbe, Edward ... More


The chemistry of famine: nutritional discourse and dietary transformation

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores scientific interest in the Irish potato diet in pre-Famine Ireland and how scientific ideas were used in broader debates on Irish dietary conditions and national dietary reform. ... More


Reforming food production: agricultural science and education

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The immediate post-Famine period was marked by profound optimism about the potential of Irish agricultural development. For some improvers, agricultural practice offered a fertile ground upon which ... More


Aromatic Apparitions

in Image and Reality: Kekule, Kopp, and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226723327
eISBN:
9780226723358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723358.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Benzene, the prototype of what chemists call “aromatic” substances, was first isolated from coal gas by Michael Faraday in 1825. In 1832, Justus von Liebig and Friedrich Wöhler collaborated on a ... More


Metabolism, Autonomy, and Individuality

Hannah Landecker

in Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the interdependence of metabolism, autonomy and individuality. The work of physiologist Claude Bernard illustrates the logic of total conversion that emerged in nineteenth ... More


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