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The Making of Legal Authority: Non-legislative Codifications in Historical and Comparative Perspective

Nils Jansen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199588763
eISBN:
9780191723315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588763.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Accounts of the nature of legal authority typically focus on the authority of officially sanctioned rules issued by legally recognised bodies — legislatures, courts, and regulators — that fit ... More


Ideals of Church and State in the Sixth Century

Dominic J. O’Meara

in Platonopolis: Platonic Political Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285532
eISBN:
9780191717819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285532.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter interprets the Christian ecclesiology of the Pseudo-Dionysius as an adaptation of Neoplatonic political philosophy. A text of the same period (the reign of Justinian), the anonymous ... More


Litigation in Roman Law

Ernest Metzger

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298557
eISBN:
9780191707520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298557.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Modern accounts of how lawsuits were filed in Rome during the classical period tend to show that the opponents were willingly working together under the guidance of a magistrate, until their case was ... More


Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Volker L. Menze

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534876
eISBN:
9780191716041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534876.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This study historicizes the formation of the Syrian Orthodox Church in the first half of the 6th century. The Council of Chalcedon in 451 divided eastern Christianity, with those who were later ... More


Introduction

J. W. F. Allison

in A Continental Distinction in the Common Law: A Historical and Comparative Perspective on English Public Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298656
eISBN:
9780191710735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298656.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

The fundamental and long-established distinction between public and private law on the Continent developed from Ulpian's distinction in Justinian's Digest, and is thus ancient in origin. This ... More


The Libellus of Hormisdas: A Remodelling of the Past

Volker L. Menze

in Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534876
eISBN:
9780191716041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534876.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 2 discusses the use of theological proof text, florilegia and generally the use of argument in the 530s in order to understand what the motives of the protagonists were, and to answer the ... More


Conclusion: Justinian, the Syrian Orthodox 536–553, and Subsequent Perceptions of the Sixth‐Century Schism

Volker L. Menze

in Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534876
eISBN:
9780191716041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534876.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In the general Conclusion, Justinian's religious policy after 536 until the Second Council of Constantinople in 553 is reconsidered: as the Council of Chalcedon as such could no longer be questioned, ... More


Jerusalem: The Contrasting Eyes of Beholders

Hagith Sivan

in Palestine in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199284177
eISBN:
9780191712555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284177.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the contrasting imperial visions regarding Jerusalem. Topics discussed include the appropriation of Jerusalem in late antiquity; Cyril, bishop of Jerusalem's depiction of ... More


The Lower Danube Region under Pressure: from Valens to Heraclius

J. H. W. G. LIEBESCHUETZ

in The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264027
eISBN:
9780191734908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter describes developments in the territory north of the Haemus mountains — included in the late Roman provinces of Moesia Superior, Dacia Ripensis, Moesia Inferior and Scythia Minor — from ... More


Justinian's Digest: Character and Compilation

Tony Honoré

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199593309
eISBN:
9780191725166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593309.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Comparative Law

This book is a study of the character and compilation of Justinian's Digest, the main volume of Justinian's Corpus Iuris Civilis (528–534 ad). This is often considered as one of the most influential ... More


Augustine and the Formation of Orthodoxy

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Preexistence was often linked to immortality, a threat to orthodox conceptions of the human soul. Other problems with the doctrine were its connection with Gnostics and with Plato and its ... More


Justinian, Origen, and the ‘Three Chapters’

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0056
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The ecumenical efforts of Justinian as sole emperor between 527 and 565 were blighted by the inherent intransigence of the parties involved. As supreme governor of the whole Church, he sought to ... More


The Roman Law of Trusts

David Johnston

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252160
eISBN:
9780191681356
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252160.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Few legal institutions developed solely under the Roman Empire, but there is one which can provide a rare illustration of the emperors' involvement in building private law: although Roman law did not ... More


The Historical Context of Iconoclast Reform

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the historical context of iconoclast reform under the Byzantine Empire. In the early eighth century, the Byzantine Empire teetered on the edge of total collapse. From 695 to 717 ... More


The Middle East in the Seventh Century: A New World Order

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.00017
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This final chapter continues the story of Arab‐Byzantine warfare. Mu‘awiya's second major offensive (669–74) is traced from the opening act (the assassination of Constans II) to the naval defeat ... More


Introduction: The Grey Goose

Garrett Barden and Tim Murphy

in Law and Justice in Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592685
eISBN:
9780191595653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592685.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The term ‘law’ is usually taken to refer to forms of what is typically called ‘state law’ or ‘positive law’, including constitutional law, enacted legislation, law arising from or associated with the ... More


Introduction

Eric Descheemaeker

in The Division of Wrongs: A Historical Comparative Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562794
eISBN:
9780191705533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562794.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Law of Obligations

The civilian tradition, as exemplified by Justinian's Institutes and the French Civil Code, has generally divided its law of civil wrongs into two categories, wrongs ‘proper’ and ‘quasi-wrongs’. ... More


Delicts and ‘Quasi-delicts’ on the Map of Roman Law

Eric Descheemaeker

in The Division of Wrongs: A Historical Comparative Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562794
eISBN:
9780191705533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562794.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter explains where delicts and ‘quasi-delicts’ fitted on the map of Roman law. It first looks at the interrelated notions of contractus (contract), delictum(delict or wrong), and obligatio ... More


The Reluctant Tourist: Mirza Abul Hasan Khan and His “Book of Wonder”

Naghmeh Sohrabi

in Taken for Wonder: Nineteenth Century Travel Accounts from Iran to Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199829705
eISBN:
9780199933341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829705.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

In 1809, Mirza Abul Hasan Khan Ilchi Shirazi set off for England to negotiate a treaty on behalf of the king, Fath ‘Ali Shah (r. 1797–1834). This chapter examines his account of this journey, ... More


Zeno’s Henotikon, Rome’s Fury, and the Acacian Schism: Dionysius Exiguus

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the edict known as Union of Henotikon, issued by Emperor Zeno in 482 to reconcile the two-nature formula of Chalcedon and those who held it in abhorrence. It affirmed the ... More


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