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Agen(n)êtos and the Identity Thesis: Justin, Dionysius of Alexandria, and Athanasius

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 3 sets the stage for the subsequent discussion of Eunomius of Cyzicus and his opponents. It outlines the background to his view that ingeneracy, that is, having no cause, is the essential ... More


Justin’s Text of the Gospels:: Another Look at the Citations in 1Apol. 15. 1–8

Joseph Verheyden

in The Early Text of the New Testament

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199566365
eISBN:
9780191740985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566365.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Research on Justin Martyr’s gospel text has a long and interesting history. It has yielded a plethora of suggestions for making sense of the puzzling phenomenon that Justin seems to know the ... More


Justin Martyr and the Pneumatology of the Mid‐Second Century

Anthony Briggman

in Irenaeus of Lyons and the Theology of the Holy Spirit

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641536
eISBN:
9780191738302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641536.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

This study begins in chapter 1 with an examination of Justin Martyr's understanding of the Spirit. The objective of this analysis is twofold. The first objective is to provide the reader with an ... More


Origins and Early History: Late Antiquity

Ruth Langer

in Cursing the Christians?: A History of the Birkat HaMinim

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199783175
eISBN:
9780199919161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199783175.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Much has been written drawing on the sparse data pertaining to the origins of the birkat haminim. This chapter reviews that data and the literature on it, looking first at the inner-Jewish ... More


Four Short Stories: A Bacchic Courtesan, the Reporter from Hell, the Daughters of Rabbis, a Roman Christian Matron

Ross Shepard Kraemer

in Unreliable Witnesses: Religion, Gender, and History in the Greco-Roman Mediterranean

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743186
eISBN:
9780199894680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743186.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

Four case studies illustrate how ancient narratives of women’s religious practices are less about women’s religions and more about the deployment of gender for various purposes. Livy depicts women as ... More


The Earliest Christian Model: Participatory Union with Christ

Norman Russell

in The Doctrine of Deification in the Greek Patristic Tradition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205974
eISBN:
9780191695636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205974.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses participatory union with Christ, examining Pauline Christianity, Jewish Christianity, Johannine Christianity, Ignatius of Antioch, Valentinian Christianity, Justin Martyr, ... More


Christian Faith and Intellectual Culture

D. H. Williams

in Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter considers the work of Justin the Martyr, who broke new ground in his defense of Christianity. He identified with certain elements of his pagan opponents’ position and created bridges ... More


Neo‐Platonism and the Church Fathers

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Neoplatonism, under Plotinus, Proclus, Porphyry, and Iamblicus, developed and modified ideas about preexistence. Church Fathers were divided on the question of preexistence, but many were its ... More


The Vindication of Christianity

HENRY CHADWICK

in Early Christian Thought and the Classical Tradition

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266730
eISBN:
9780191683077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266730.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Clement and Origen were not the first educated Christians to look at philosophical questions about Christianity. The way had been mapped out in advance by the 2nd-century apologists, above all by ... More


St. Justin Martyr

C. Kavin Rowe

in One True Life: The Stoics and Early Christians as Rival Traditions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300180121
eISBN:
9780300182101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180121.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter on St. Justin Martyr completes the discussion of the Christians in part 2 of the book. The chapter focuses on five recurrent patterns of speech in Justin’s writings: God, Jesus Christ, ... More


Jesus and Genesis: Tentative Steps towards Theology

Sean M. McDonough

in Christ as Creator: Origins of a New Testament Doctrine

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576470
eISBN:
9780191722585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576470.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

After a brief summary, Christ's role in creation is explored in the works of six theologians (three from the early Church, three from the modern Church): Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Athanasius, Karl ... More


Justin’s Advertisement of the Syntagma against All the Heresies

Geoffrey S. Smith

in Guilt by Association: Heresy Catalogues in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199386789
eISBN:
9780199386802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199386789.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter revisits a topic that has received much attention in scholarship: Justin’s role in the emergence of the heresiological tradition. Since Justin is often thought to have authored the ... More


Christian Positions on Animal Sacrifice

Daniel Ullucci

in The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791705
eISBN:
9780199932436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791705.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter analyzes Christian positions on sacrifice from Paul (ca. 50 CE) to Cyprian of Carthage (mid 3rd century). This analysis shows that a rejection of animal sacrifice is not present in the ... More


Justin

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The justifications of Christianity by Justin in the mid‐second century are marked by his positive evaluation of Platonism and other philosophical schools, his disowning of gnosticism and Marcion and ... More


Christian and Jewish Writings from the Second to Fifth Centuries

Joan E. Taylor

in The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199554485
eISBN:
9780191745911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554485.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

Justin Marytyr, Hegesippus, Epiphanius, Eusebius and other patristic writings of the 2nd to 5th centuries ce indicate the continuing relevance of all the Jewish legal societies, including the ... More


 “Great Is Circumcision”: Christian Condemnation, Jewish Veneration

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The earliest converts to Christianity were expected to accept circumcision; but in his sharply worded letter to the Galatians, Paul disdained the practice as spiritually worthless. Justin Martyr and ... More


Guide to the Dialogues

Alberto Rigolio

in Christians in Conversation: A Guide to Late Antique Dialogues in Greek and Syriac

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190915452
eISBN:
9780190915483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915452.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The guide presents all sixty dialogues that survive entirely or in fragmentary state until the end of the sixth century, arranged in chronological order so as to emphasize changes and transformations ... More


Irenaeus of Lyons: Ambassador for Peace, Reconciliation, and Toleration

John Behr

in Irenaeus of Lyons: Identifying Christianity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199214624
eISBN:
9780191761720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214624.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

This chapter surveys the context of Irenaeus' theological activity by reviewing all the Christian teachers and communities in Rome during the first two centuries, paying special attention to how ... More


Hellenized Antagonism toward Hellenism

D. H. Williams

in Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the work of Tatian (Tatianus), whose apologetic document has many of the same goals as that of his mentor, Justin the Martyr, except that Tatian’s final product is shorter and ... More


The Early Church through Constantine (100–337)

David W. Kling

in A History of Christian Conversion

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780195320923
eISBN:
9780190062620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195320923.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

This chapter examines Christian growth and conversion in the early church period. Due to the lack of textual, inscriptional, and archaeological evidence, the second and third centuries are perhaps ... More


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