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Early Christian Thought and the Classical Tradition

Henry Chadwick

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266730
eISBN:
9780191683077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266730.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The historian of Western culture cannot travel far without discovering that the roots of many 20th-century questions lie in the ancient dialogue between the early Christians and culture of the old ... More


The Schism of the Non‐Chalcedonians

Volker L. Menze

in Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534876
eISBN:
9780191716041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534876.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 1 analyses the accession of Justin I in 518 and questions the conventional view that Justin was a convinced Chalcedonian. It argues that the emperor became Chalcedonian for raisons d'état. ... More


Pompeius Trogus in Tacitus' Annals

David Levene

in Ancient Historiography and its Contexts: Studies in Honour of A. J. Woodman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558681
eISBN:
9780191720888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558681.003.0018
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

There is a long-standing controversy over how far Tacitus's Annals drew on the work of the Augustan historian Pompeius Trogus. Various parallels in language have been observed, but this may be the ... More


Jesus and Genesis: Tentative Steps towards Theology

Sean M. McDonough

in Christ as Creator: Origins of a New Testament Doctrine

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576470
eISBN:
9780191722585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576470.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

After a brief summary, Christ's role in creation is explored in the works of six theologians (three from the early Church, three from the modern Church): Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Athanasius, Karl ... More


Four Short Stories: A Bacchic Courtesan, the Reporter from Hell, the Daughters of Rabbis, a Roman Christian Matron

Ross Shepard Kraemer

in Unreliable Witnesses: Religion, Gender, and History in the Greco-Roman Mediterranean

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743186
eISBN:
9780199894680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743186.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

Four case studies illustrate how ancient narratives of women’s religious practices are less about women’s religions and more about the deployment of gender for various purposes. Livy depicts women as ... More


Agen(n)êtos and the Identity Thesis: Justin, Dionysius of Alexandria, and Athanasius

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 3 sets the stage for the subsequent discussion of Eunomius of Cyzicus and his opponents. It outlines the background to his view that ingeneracy, that is, having no cause, is the essential ... More


Neo‐Platonism and the Church Fathers

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Neoplatonism, under Plotinus, Proclus, Porphyry, and Iamblicus, developed and modified ideas about preexistence. Church Fathers were divided on the question of preexistence, but many were its ... More


 “Great Is Circumcision”: Christian Condemnation, Jewish Veneration

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The earliest converts to Christianity were expected to accept circumcision; but in his sharply worded letter to the Galatians, Paul disdained the practice as spiritually worthless. Justin Martyr and ... More


Justin

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The justifications of Christianity by Justin in the mid‐second century are marked by his positive evaluation of Platonism and other philosophical schools, his disowning of gnosticism and Marcion and ... More


The Judge and the Martyr: Execution and Authority in Early Christianity

Beth A. Berkowitz

in Execution and Invention: Death Penalty Discourse in Early Rabbinic and Christian Cultures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195179194
eISBN:
9780199784509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195179196.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter juxtaposes the death penalty discourse of the Rabbis with that of Christians. It shows that the early Christians, like the Rabbis, used death penalty discourse to great effect, but in an ... More


John among the Orthodox, 150–c.170

Charles E. Hill

in The Johannine Corpus in the Early Church

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199264582
eISBN:
9780191602085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264589.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The OJP asserts that there is a paucity or even an absence of use of the Johannine Gospel among representatives of the orthodox churches in the period before Irenaeus. This thesis is tested by ... More


Between Petrine Ideology and Realpolitik: The See of Constantinople in Roman Geo-Ecclesiology (449–536)

Philippe Blaudeau

in Two Romes: Rome and Constantinople in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199739400
eISBN:
9780199933006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739400.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the process by which the Acacian schism (484-519) between the Roman church and the churches of the eastern empire ended. A remarkably detailed and nuanced picture of the ... More


Origins and Early History: Late Antiquity

Ruth Langer

in Cursing the Christians?: A History of the Birkat HaMinim

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199783175
eISBN:
9780199919161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199783175.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Much has been written drawing on the sparse data pertaining to the origins of the birkat haminim. This chapter reviews that data and the literature on it, looking first at the inner-Jewish ... More


‘Two Nations on One Soil’: Land, Fenians, and Politics in Fiction

James H. Murphy

in Irish Novelists and the Victorian Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199596997
eISBN:
9780191723520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596997.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The newer Irish land novel of the 1840s and beyond was different from what had gone before inasmuch as it essentially charted a struggle, both ideological and physical, between landlords and tenants ... More


The Vindication of Christianity

HENRY CHADWICK

in Early Christian Thought and the Classical Tradition

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266730
eISBN:
9780191683077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266730.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Clement and Origen were not the first educated Christians to look at philosophical questions about Christianity. The way had been mapped out in advance by the 2nd-century apologists, above all by ... More


The Earliest Christian Model: Participatory Union with Christ

Norman Russell

in The Doctrine of Deification in the Greek Patristic Tradition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205974
eISBN:
9780191695636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205974.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses participatory union with Christ, examining Pauline Christianity, Jewish Christianity, Johannine Christianity, Ignatius of Antioch, Valentinian Christianity, Justin Martyr, ... More


Atheism in Historical Perspective

David Fergusson

in Faith and Its Critics: A Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569380
eISBN:
9780191702051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569380.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Atheism is a term of disputed meanings. In the ancient world, thinkers as divergent as Socrates and Justin Martyr were charged with atheism, yet both were far from being atheists in the contemporary ... More


Justin’s Text of the Gospels:: Another Look at the Citations in 1Apol. 15. 1–8

Joseph Verheyden

in The Early Text of the New Testament

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199566365
eISBN:
9780191740985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566365.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Research on Justin Martyr’s gospel text has a long and interesting history. It has yielded a plethora of suggestions for making sense of the puzzling phenomenon that Justin seems to know the ... More


Heraclius, Persia, and Holy War

Peter Sarris

in Empires of Faith: The Fall of Rome to the Rise of Islam, 500-700

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199261260
eISBN:
9780191730962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261260.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter returns to the East and details the growing social, economic and military destabilisation of the Near East in the late sixth and seventh centuries. Warfare between Byzantium and Persia ... More


Conclusion: Disquieting and Exciting: Queering Tools in Popular Music and Queer Becoming

Vincent L. Stephens

in Rocking the Closet: How Little Richard, Johnnie Ray, Liberace, and Johnny Mathis Queered Pop Music

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042805
eISBN:
9780252051661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042805.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter argues that the Queering Toolkit remains relevant for understanding contemporary performers and describes the emergence of new tools. The chapter briefly explores enfreakment and ... More


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