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War, Responsibility, and Law Enforcement

DAVID RODIN

in War and Self-Defense

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257744
eISBN:
9780191601811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257744.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that military action against an aggressive state may be justified as a form of law enforcement rather than self-defence. The establishment of something like a minimal universal ... More


Permission to Kill: Just War Theory and the IRA's Armed Struggle

Timothy Shanahan

in The Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635290
eISBN:
9780748652884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635290.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Can the IRA's armed struggle be morally justified according to traditional just war principles? In order to answer this question, this chapter looks at several preliminary questions. First, according ... More


Reforms and Implications: Regulation, Reconstructing the Public Monopoly on Force, and Just War Theory

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the broader implications of the privatization of military force and potential reforms to address the problems raised by the use of PMSCs. It first assesses various proposals ... More


Conclusion: Morality and Realism

DAVID RODIN

in War and Self-Defense

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257744
eISBN:
9780191601811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257744.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that a detailed analysis of the concepts of self-defence and national-defence can help identify and prevent the ... More


The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

James Pattison

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The increased use of private military and security companies (PMSCs) is often said to be one of the most significant changes to the military in recent times. The Morality of Private War: The ... More


The Challenge of PMSCs

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers the need for a detailed normative analysis of private military force, in light of the general acquiescence to the privatization of military force. In doing so, it suggests that ... More


The Restrictions on Private Contractors

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers when there is a right to be a private contractor, that is, the restrictions that private contractors should meet. It does so by applying the Just War principles of jus ad ... More


Just War Theory

Nick Fotion

in Theory vs. Anti-Theory in Ethics: A Misconceived Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199373529
eISBN:
9780199373543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199373529.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Just War Theory is a local theory. It deals not with ethics as a whole, but with a small cluster of ethical issues. As a result the theory does not satisfy many of the criteria (of Chapter 2) that ... More


A More Civil War: How the Union Waged a Just War

D. H. Dilbeck

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630519
eISBN:
9781469630533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630519.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

During the Civil War, Americans confronted profound moral problems about how to fight in the conflict. In this innovative book, D.H. Dilbeck reveals how the Union sought to wage a just war against ... More


The Alternatives, Just War Theory, and Pacifism

James Pattison

in The Alternatives to War: From Sanctions to Nonviolence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198755203
eISBN:
9780191816567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755203.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter delineates the theoretical and practical implications of the preceding analysis. It first summarizes the case for each of the alternatives in turn, before considering the implications ... More


Exceptions Theory

Nick Fotion

in Theory vs. Anti-Theory in Ethics: A Misconceived Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199373529
eISBN:
9780199373543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199373529.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

As it turns out, there is nothing much unique about Just War Theory. It is a theory that tells us when we can make exceptions to the rules and principles found in the common morality. It does this by ... More


The Alternatives to War

James Pattison

in The Alternatives to War: From Sanctions to Nonviolence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198755203
eISBN:
9780191816567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755203.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter sets the scope for the ensuing analysis. It first introduces the measures, before highlighting the political and theoretical significance of considering the alternatives and delineating ... More


‘Pointless Heartbreak Unrepaid’: Consequentialism and the IRA's Armed Struggle

Timothy Shanahan

in The Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635290
eISBN:
9780748652884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635290.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Attempts to morally justify the IRA's armed struggle in terms of Just War Theory encounter a number of serious problems. However, it might be morally justified according to the standards of other ... More


The Ethics of Human Enhancement: An Overview and Framework

Janice H. Laurence and Joshua A. Carlisle

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter raises some ethical considerations and highlights the debate regarding the burgeoning field of human enhancement (HE) and performance optimization. The topic of human enhancement is ... More


Military Assistance

James Pattison

in The Alternatives to War: From Sanctions to Nonviolence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198755203
eISBN:
9780191816567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755203.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the case for military assistance to rebels and states. It first rejects three considerations that one might think provide sufficient reason to uphold an absolute prohibition on ... More


The Morality of “Drone Warfare”

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict: Ethical, Legal, and Strategic Implications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226258058
eISBN:
9780226258195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226258195.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the ethical questions surrounding US targeted killing policy. Because drone weapons reduce the costs and risks of using force, they have the potential to alter the assessment of ... More


A Proportionality Theory of IO Emergency Powers

Christian Kreuder-Sonnen

in Emergency Powers of International Organizations: Between Normalization and Containment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198832935
eISBN:
9780191871337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832935.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 develops a proportionality theory of IO emergency powers to account for the variable outcomes of normalization (ratchets) and containment (rollbacks). It posits that IO exceptionalism ... More


Programming Precision? Requiring Robust Transparency for AWS

Steven J. Barela and Avery Plaw

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The possibility of allowing a machine agency over killing human beings is a justifiably concerning development, particularly when we consider the challenge of accountability in the case of illegal or ... More


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