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Classical Enforcement Theory

Mary Ellen O'Connell

in The Power and Purpose of International Law: Insights from the Theory and Practice of Enforcement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195368949
eISBN:
9780199871100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368949.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Understanding the role of enforcement in establishing international law as law begins with the Just War Doctrine. Grotius, the father of international law, included the Doctrine's basic precepts in ... More


War, Responsibility, and Law Enforcement

DAVID RODIN

in War and Self-Defense

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257744
eISBN:
9780191601811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257744.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that military action against an aggressive state may be justified as a form of law enforcement rather than self-defence. The establishment of something like a minimal universal ... More


Teaching the Just War Tradition

William French

in Teaching Religion and Violence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195372427
eISBN:
9780199949618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372427.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay describes strategies developed by the author for teaching a course on the Just War theory. The most prominent of the western religious traditions to articulate the conditions necessary for ... More


Permission to Kill: Just War Theory and the IRA's Armed Struggle

Timothy Shanahan

in The Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635290
eISBN:
9780748652884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635290.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Can the IRA's armed struggle be morally justified according to traditional just war principles? In order to answer this question, this chapter looks at several preliminary questions. First, according ... More


Conclusion: Morality and Realism

DAVID RODIN

in War and Self-Defense

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257744
eISBN:
9780191601811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257744.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that a detailed analysis of the concepts of self-defence and national-defence can help identify and prevent the ... More


Reforms and Implications: Regulation, Reconstructing the Public Monopoly on Force, and Just War Theory

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the broader implications of the privatization of military force and potential reforms to address the problems raised by the use of PMSCs. It first assesses various proposals ... More


A More Civil War: How the Union Waged a Just War

D. H. Dilbeck

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630519
eISBN:
9781469630533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630519.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

During the Civil War, Americans confronted profound moral problems about how to fight in the conflict. In this innovative book, D.H. Dilbeck reveals how the Union sought to wage a just war against ... More


The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

James Pattison

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The increased use of private military and security companies (PMSCs) is often said to be one of the most significant changes to the military in recent times. The Morality of Private War: The ... More


The Challenge of PMSCs

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers the need for a detailed normative analysis of private military force, in light of the general acquiescence to the privatization of military force. In doing so, it suggests that ... More


The Restrictions on Private Contractors

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers when there is a right to be a private contractor, that is, the restrictions that private contractors should meet. It does so by applying the Just War principles of jus ad ... More


Cyber Rules: Encouraging a System of Justice and Proportionality in Cyber Operations

Brandon Valeriano and Ryan C. Maness

in Cyber War versus Cyber Realities: Cyber Conflict in the International System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190204792
eISBN:
9780190204822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204792.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the construction of a digital future for interactions in the cyber realm. Previous chapters have established the impact, usage, and means of cyber conflict; now it is ... More


Just War Theory

Nick Fotion

in Theory vs. Anti-Theory in Ethics: A Misconceived Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199373529
eISBN:
9780199373543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199373529.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Just War Theory is a local theory. It deals not with ethics as a whole, but with a small cluster of ethical issues. As a result the theory does not satisfy many of the criteria (of Chapter 2) that ... More


The Alternatives, Just War Theory, and Pacifism

James Pattison

in The Alternatives to War: From Sanctions to Nonviolence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198755203
eISBN:
9780191816567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755203.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter delineates the theoretical and practical implications of the preceding analysis. It first summarizes the case for each of the alternatives in turn, before considering the implications ... More


Necessity and the Principle of Last Resort in the Just War Tradition

Jens David Ohlin and Larry May

in Necessity in International Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190622930
eISBN:
9780190622961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190622930.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines how the concept of necessity is used in Just War theory as a principle of last resort—a criterion that must be satisfied before the recourse to force can be justified. It ... More


The Morality of Peace: From Jesus to the Crusades

John Gittings

in The Glorious Art of Peace: From the Iliad to Iraq

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199575763
eISBN:
9780191804458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199575763.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the history of peace-oriented thought from the beginning of the Christian era to the Crusades. It begins by examining early Christian attitudes towards peace and war, which ... More


The Rise, Fall and Resurgence of ‘Just War’ Thinking from Cicero to Chicago

Beatrice Heuser

in The Art of Creating Power: Freedman on Strategy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190851163
eISBN:
9780190872601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851163.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter reviews Just War thinking from ancient times to the late twentieth century, engaging with the problematic phenomenon of the ‘judicialization’ of war. The phenomenon emerges from the ... More


‘Pointless Heartbreak Unrepaid’: Consequentialism and the IRA's Armed Struggle

Timothy Shanahan

in The Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635290
eISBN:
9780748652884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635290.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Attempts to morally justify the IRA's armed struggle in terms of Just War Theory encounter a number of serious problems. However, it might be morally justified according to the standards of other ... More


Necessity in International Law

Jens David Ohlin and Larry May

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190622930
eISBN:
9780190622961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190622930.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This book aims to trace the various uses of the concept of necessity in international law, with the goal of determining whether there is any overarching unity to these uses across the subdisciplines ... More


The Alternatives to War

James Pattison

in The Alternatives to War: From Sanctions to Nonviolence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198755203
eISBN:
9780191816567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755203.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter sets the scope for the ensuing analysis. It first introduces the measures, before highlighting the political and theoretical significance of considering the alternatives and delineating ... More


Exceptions Theory

Nick Fotion

in Theory vs. Anti-Theory in Ethics: A Misconceived Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199373529
eISBN:
9780199373543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199373529.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

As it turns out, there is nothing much unique about Just War Theory. It is a theory that tells us when we can make exceptions to the rules and principles found in the common morality. It does this by ... More


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