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Scientific Humanism in the Extended Zoo: History Within as the Basis of Democratic Reform

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Also during his zoo years (1935-1942), Huxley argued for democratic reform in Britain and beyond. He developed the notion that the progress evident in evolutionary history was to be consciously ... More


Zoology

Jack Morrell

in Science at Oxford, 1914-1939: Transforming an Arts University

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206576
eISBN:
9780191677229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206576.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the developments in the teaching of zoology at Oxford University in England from 1914 to 1939. Though zoology was only considered a small subject at Oxford, it enjoyed the ... More


Evolution in Action: The Zoo as a Site of Phylogenetic Remembrance

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter treats Julian Huxley’s time as director of London zoo (1935-1942), which marks his great interest in evolution and the development of the evolutionary synthesis. At the center stands his ... More


Evolutionary Humanism: Planned Ecology and World Heritage Management through the Colonial Office, UNESCO, IUCN, and WWF

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

To Huxley, evolutionary progress depended on the diversity in nature and culture – on the human heritage – on which selection worked. In the evolution of culture, this selection should take place ... More


The Ascent of Man Defended

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The final chapter of Part II shows how in the afterwar years, Huxley’s humanism gained through international institutionalization and new followers across disciplinary and national boundaries. ... More


From Agnosticism to Rationalism: Evolutionary Biologists, the Rationalist Press Association, and Early Twentieth-Century Scientific Naturalism

Peter J. Bowler

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This article extends the study of scientific naturalism into the twentieth century, focusing on the Rationalist Press Association as an expression of the ideas and values originally promoted by T. H. ... More


If I Were Dictator: The Modern Synthesis, Evolutionary Humanism, and a Superhuman Memory

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter treats the scientific career of Julian Huxley from the 1910s to the modern synthesis and beyond: his work in experimental embryology, on animal behaviour, genetics, and evolution. The ... More


Other Emerging Genres of Synthesis: From the Fabulaic to the Foundational

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins to trace the development of contributions of fabulaic, foundational, and historical genres in relation to a universal historical synthesis. Harlow Shapley and George Gamow play a ... More


Big Names

in Science for All: The Popularization of Science in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226068633
eISBN:
9780226068664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068664.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

No British scientist achieved an iconic status, but a few did become familiar to a significant proportion of the general public. Many elite scientists shunned publicity and distrusted those who ... More


“The standardized world we are facing and fearing”: Sex and Futurist Fictions

in Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, Trees, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226560694
eISBN:
9780226560717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226560717.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter illustrates how much of futurist literature focused on the topics of femininity, masculinity, birth control, and reproduction. Writing about the future was a classic means of ... More


History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Marianne Sommer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The book deals with human histories that have been reconstructed on the basis of bones, organisms, and molecules in the twentieth century. It focuses on the work of Henry Fairfield Osborn, Julian ... More


From Hitler to UNESCO

Michael Ruse

in The Problem of War: Darwinism, Christianity, and their Battle to Understand Human Conflict

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190867577
eISBN:
9780190867607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867577.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Familiar lines of argument were followed in the interwar years and into the second great conflict. There was concern about the eugenical effects of war, with some reassuring, biologically informed ... More


Last Words

Evelleen Richards

in Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436906
eISBN:
9780226437064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437064.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The arguments of the book are summarized. Darwin’s sources and intellectual concepts, and the social, cultural and institutional contingencies that shaped the making of sexual selection are reviewed. ... More


Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In the six decades since the publication of Julian Huxley’s Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, the spectacular empirical advances in the biological sciences have been accompanied by equally significant ... More


Postscript

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The conclusion of the book situates the endeavors of Osborn, Huxley, and Cavalli-Sforza in reconstructing and circulating the integrated histories based on bones, organisms, and molecules, in ... More


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