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The Doctrines of Double and Triple Effect and Why a Rational Agent Need Not Intend the Means to His End

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with the Doctrine of Double Effect as well as the Doctrine of Triple Effect. It examines why a rational agent need not intend the means to his end and argues that when an ... More


The Threatened Downfall of Privacy: Judith Jarvis Thomson's “The Right to Privacy” and Skepticism About Privacy

Julie C. Inness

in Privacy, Intimacy, and Isolation

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195104608
eISBN:
9780199868247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195104609.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Do we have any reason to believe that the claims assembled under the heading “privacy” are conceptually and morally coherent, or are they simply a jumble of disparate claims and their heterogeneous ... More


Ordinary Objects as Mereological Sums

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

The thesis that ordinary material objects are mereological sums in the standard sense has been remarkably popular among three-dimensionalists and four-dimensionalists alike. This chapter considers ... More


Killing the Innocent in Self‐Defence

Michael Otsuka

in Libertarianism without Inequality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues against the right to engage in lethal measures to defend oneself or others against innocent aggressors or innocent threats. Criticizes arguments to the contrary by Judith Jarvis Thomson and ... More


Recent Skepticism about Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on how others have also arrived at a skeptical conclusion about absolute goodness, although the route by which this book comes to that conclusion is different from those that ... More


A Right Against Risking

John Oberdiek

in Imposing Risk: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199594054
eISBN:
9780191813351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199594054.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Chapter 4 turns from the moral significance of risking to whether there is a moral right against risking. Just as the moral significance of risking revolves around the value of autonomy, the value of ... More


Killing and Letting Die

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the moral relevance of a distinction between killing and letting die, which distinction is sometimes morally critical, as shown in the difference between killing one to save five and ... More


The Trolley Cases

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190225575
eISBN:
9780190225605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190225575.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter goes in search of thought experiments that elicit a consistent pattern of responses, irrespective of one’s traditions or cultural background. Since it is believed that the three standard ... More


Some Contemporary Varieties of Hylomorphism

Simon J. Evnine

in Making Objects and Events: A Hylomorphic Theory of Artifacts, Actions, and Organisms

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198779674
eISBN:
9780191825989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779674.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter contains in-depth discussions of three recent formulations of hylomorphism. The first two views use the rubric of constitution rather than hylomorphism. The first is that of Judith ... More


Liability to Defense

Kai Draper

in War and Individual Rights: The Foundations of Just War Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199388899
eISBN:
9780199388912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388899.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The focus of this chapter is the right to defend oneself (self-defense) and others (other-defense) against unjust aggression. This right must do the lion’s share of the work in justifying recourse to ... More


The Ticking Bomb Hypothetical

Marcia Baron

in Confronting Torture: Essays on the Ethics, Legality, History, and Psychology of Torture Today

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226529387
eISBN:
9780226529554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529554.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Recent literature arguing for, or reaffirming, the impermissibility of torture has deplored the ticking bomb hypothetical and its frequent invocation. Examples of such arguments are found in the work ... More


Paternalism and Moderate Deontology

Jason Hanna

in In Our Best Interest: A Defense of Paternalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190877132
eISBN:
9780190877163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190877132.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter attempts to situate pro-paternalism within a moderate deontological moral theory. According to moderate deontologists such as Judith Jarvis Thomson, moral rights have thresholds beyond ... More


Introduction

L. Nandi Theunissen

in The Value of Humanity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198832645
eISBN:
9780191871207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832645.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of this book is to develop a positive account of the value of human beings. This involves thinking about the nature of value itself. Following Judith Jarvis Thomson, when we say of something ... More


Rights and Evidence

Jonathan Quong

in The Morality of Defensive Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851103
eISBN:
9780191885846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851103.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some philosophers endorse a fact-relative account of moral rights against harm. According to this view, if B’s ϕ‎-ing would contravene A’s right not to be harmed if B had access to all the facts, ... More


Abortion

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190225575
eISBN:
9780190225605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190225575.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter starts off by asking the question of whether it is morally permissible for a woman to have an abortion when she feels that she doesn’t want to take care of her unborn child. The two ... More


The Individuation of Action

Alvin I. Goldman

in Joint Ventures: Mindreading, Mirroring, and Embodied Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199874187
eISBN:
9780190267674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199874187.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains the theory of act individuation initially through G. E. M. Anscombe's interpretation, which states that there is a natural ordering of the descriptions of actions. However, this ... More


Arguments about Abortion: Personhood, Morality, and Law

Kate Greasley

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198766780
eISBN:
9780191821059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766780.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Does the morality of abortion depend on the moral status of the human fetus? Must the law of abortion give an answer to the question about exactly when personhood begins? Can a law which permits late ... More


Three Kinds of Moral Rationalism

Michael Smith

in The Many Moral Rationalisms

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198797074
eISBN:
9780191858291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797074.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral rationalism can be formulated in three very different ways depending on which of three features the moral rationalist thinks is more fundamental when it comes to explaining what we are obliged ... More


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