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 Nations and Revolutions

Charles King

in The Ghost of Freedom: A History of the Caucasus

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195177756
eISBN:
9780199870127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177756.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In the early twentieth century, the Caucasus witnessed the rise of urban environments. Tbilisi became the jewel in the crown of the Russian Caucasus, the center of administrative and cultural life. ... More


Dictatorship of Dread

Jörg Baberowski

in Scorched Earth: Stalin's Reign of Terror

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300136982
eISBN:
9780300220575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300136982.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter describes Stalinism as a dictatorship of dread. It shows how Joseph Stalin's slave state destroyed and uprooted millions in a series of violent interventions that showed no regard for ... More


Churchill and Stalin

Robin Edmonds

in Churchill

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206262
eISBN:
9780191677052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206262.003.0019
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The personal relationship between Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin of Russia extended just over four years of their long careers, ending with Churchill's departure from Berlin, half-way through ... More


Wars

Jörg Baberowski

in Scorched Earth: Stalin's Reign of Terror

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300136982
eISBN:
9780300220575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300136982.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter looks at Stalinism during the Great Patriotic War. It first discusses Joseph Stalin's changing approaches to terror following the end of his policy of exterminatory violence. This shift ... More


Stalin's Praetorians

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin's strategies for the recruitment, management, reward, and removal of state security leaders. It explains that while the state security system ... More


Diary, 1901–1969

Kornei Chukovsky

in Diary, 1901-1969

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106114
eISBN:
9780300137972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106114.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This is an abridged version of Kornei Chukovsky's diary, a voluminous document spanning seven decades and three generations (1901–1969), beginning in pre-revolutionary Russia and encompassing almost ... More


Stalin in the Light of the Politburo Transcripts

Hiroaki Kuromiya

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin's vaunted attempt for ascendancy based on the Politburo transcripts. The analysis of the transcripts indicates that Stalin was a master ... More


The Soviet Union: Outlasting Stalin's Preferences

in Paths to Peace: Domestic Coalition Shifts, War Termination and the Korean War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762694
eISBN:
9780804772372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762694.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter reviews Soviet Union decision-making during the Korean War through the lens of the preference and information obstacles. It argues that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin did not want to end ... More


Deadly Kremlin Politics

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the succession struggles and the role of state security following the death of Soviet Union dictators Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin. It explains that although the Joint State ... More


The Origins, Functions, and Institutions of the Gulag

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter offers a general reconsideration of the Gulag's origins and the role it played in Stalin's Soviet Union, and an extended look at the variety of institutions that made up this penal ... More


Stalin’s Wartime Vision of the Peace, 1939–1945

Geoffrey Roberts

in Stalin and Europe: Imitation and Domination, 1928-1953

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199945566
eISBN:
9780199392605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

Stalin’s vision of the peace was complex, contradictory, and multifaceted, with ideological, ethnic, and realist dimensions. Stalin expected the war to be transformative, but he also foresaw large ... More


Planning Terror

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the planning and execution of three major terror campaigns of Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin during the period from 1930 to 1938: the dekulakization from 1930–32, the mass ... More


The “Right Opposition” and the “Smirnov-Eismont-Tolmachev Affa”

Charters Wynn

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcript of the November 27, 1932 joint session of the Politburo and Presidium of the Central Control Commission. It explains that the meeting was called to expose the ... More


Conclusions

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the history of state security in the Soviet Union from Vladimir Lenin to Joseph Stalin. It suggests that the Praetorian Guard which Lenin and ... More


Political Enemies

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter, which examines how the Soviet Union dictator defined and represented the Union's political enemies to the public, suggests that Vladimir Lenin, the early Bolshevik leaders, and Joseph ... More


The Dictator and Defense

Mark Harrison

in Guns and Rubles: The Defense Industry in the Stalinist State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300125245
eISBN:
9780300151701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125245.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin's choices over military power and political repression as instruments for holding political power in the face of foreign and domestic threats. ... More


Making the Unthinkable Thinkable: Language Microhistory of Politburo Meetings

Leona Toker

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcripts of the October 8 and 21, 1926, and September 9, 1927 Politburo meetings. It explains that these meetings focused on the Communist Party's attempts to discipline ... More


The Left Opposition and the Evolution of the Communist Regime

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the mid-1920s, the Soviet Union saw the eruption of a running controversy between the leadership of the Communist Party and the movements of protest collectively known as the Left Opposition. ... More


Stalin's Cultural Counterrevolution

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0021
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Joseph Stalin helped Soviet society become a stable, albeit very tense, structure. Since Stalin rose to power, the Soviet system developed largely independent of Marxian sociology. Economic forces ... More


Soviet-Jewish Farmers, 1935–1941

Jonathan L. Dekel-Chen

in Farming the Red Land: Jewish Agricultural Colonization and Local Soviet Power, 1924-1941

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300103311
eISBN:
9780300133929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300103311.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Up to the autumn of 1941, Soviet-Jewish farmers plowed the fields of northern Crimea, not only in practice but also in more abstract forms. Under Joseph Stalin, millions of Soviet citizens as well as ... More


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