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 Republicanism Emergent

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

If the factionalization of the 1780s allowed the coexistence in Bentley of both liberalism and libertarianism, the partisanship of the 1790s would force him into the political camp of one or the ... More


In Factitious Airs: Radcliffe’s Priestley

Jayne Elizabeth Lewis

in Air’s Appearance: Literary Atmosphere in British Fiction, 1660–1794

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226476698
eISBN:
9780226476711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226476711.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Ann Radcliffe’s popular romances of the 1790s marked the widespread literary practice of gothic fiction—the key signature of which is atmosphere. Atmosphere in the gothic sense, however, can pertain ... More


Religion and materialistmetaphysics: Some aspects of the debate about the resurrection of the body in eighteenth-century Britain

Udo Thiel

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain: New Case Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199227044
eISBN:
9780191739309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

For materialists the issue of the afterlife relates entirely to the resurrection of the body. But as Joseph Priestley noted, after death ‘the body putrefies, and the parts that composed it are ... More


‘Dr Phlogiston’: Joseph Priestley (1733–1804)

Kenneth R. Johnston

in Unusual Suspects: Pitt's Reign of Alarm and the Lost Generation of the 1790s

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199657803
eISBN:
9780191771576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657803.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

The 1791 riots in Birmingham destroyed the home and laboratory of Joseph Priestley, isolator of oxygen and several other elemental gases. Priestley was the leading British scientist of his day, a ... More


The Contribution of the Unitarians

Geoffrey Rowell

in Hell and the Victorians: A Study of the Nineteenth-Century Theological Controversies concerning Eternal Punishment and the Future Life

Published in print:
1974
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198266389
eISBN:
9780191683022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266389.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

For most of the nineteenth century Unitarianism served as a kind of halfway house for those who found themselves no longer able to accept orthodox Christian belief and who did not as yet wish to pass ... More


The “New Empire of Common Sense”: The Reception of Common Sense Philosophy in Britain, 1764–1793

Paul B. Wood

in Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198783909
eISBN:
9780191826559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783909.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although the rise of Scottish common sense philosophy was one of the most important intellectual developments of the Enlightenment, significant gaps remain in our understanding of the reception of ... More


Priestley’s Radcliffe and the Experimental Gothic

Jayne Elizabeth Lewis

in Air’s Appearance: Literary Atmosphere in British Fiction, 1660–1794

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226476698
eISBN:
9780226476711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226476711.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

It is conclusive that Ann Radcliffe’s writing is a despondent version of Joseph Priestley’s contemporary experiments on, and in, the “different kinds of air. ” Priestley’s relationship with and ... More


Breaking Away

Joan L. Richards

in Generations of Reason: A Family’s Search for Meaning in Post-Newtonian England

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300255492
eISBN:
9780300262575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300255492.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Theophilus and Hannah Lindsey were both deeply committed to ministering to the people of their parish. Hannah was an accomplished herbalist, Theophilus a powerful preacher, and the two of them taught ... More


Exercising Reason

Joan L. Richards

in Generations of Reason: A Family's Search for Meaning in Post-Newtonian England

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300255492
eISBN:
9780300262575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300255492.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

At the Essex Street Chapel, Priestley had begun to extend the purview of literalist reason into the political world of William Pitt the younger. Frend agreed with them, both religiously and ... More


Identity, Enigma, Assemblage: John Baskerville’s Vocabulary, or Pocket Dictionary

Lynda Mugglestone

in Pen, print and communication in the eighteenth century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781789622300
eISBN:
9781800341500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789622300.003.0010
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The Vocabulary, or Pocket Dictionary (1766) printed by John Baskerville has long remained a puzzle as to authorship and intent. An avowedly ‘small performance’, it is nevertheless strikingly ... More


Hutton and the Priestley Riots: Writing to Defend a Life

Susan E. Whyman

in The Useful Knowledge of William Hutton: Culture and Industry in Eighteenth-Century Birmingham

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198797838
eISBN:
9780191839146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797838.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

Chapter 6 revisits the Priestley riots (1791) from the viewpoint of a victim, and finds causes concerning the wealth and power of rough diamonds. Birmingham’s print culture and attitudes to law also ... More


The Forms of Romantic Progressivism

Mark Canuel

in The Fate of Progress in British Romanticism

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780192895301
eISBN:
9780191916120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895301.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

“Progress” structures an impressive range of eighteenth-century writing that influenced Romantic writers from Anna Letitia Barbauld and Mary Wollstonecraft to William Wordsworth and Percy Bysshe ... More


. The Changing Meaning of God and Man

Matthew Kadane

in The Watchful Clothier

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169614
eISBN:
9780300188936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169614.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses how, at the beginning of Ryder's life, most Dissenters accepted the interlocked assumptions of the Reformed tradition: that God intervenes in the cosmos with a constancy and ... More


Heathens and Hindoos in Early America

Michael J. Altman

in Heathen, Hindoo, Hindu: American Representations of India, 1721-1893

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190654924
eISBN:
9780190654955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190654924.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter analyses the earliest representations of religion in India in America by focusing on three writers: Cotton Mather, Hannah Adams, and Joseph Priestley. Cotton Mather saw India and America ... More


‘Till all my sense is lost in infinite’: Contemplation, Affect, and Rational Dissenting Prayer in Barbauld

Christopher Stokes

in Romantic Prayer: Reinventing the Poetics of Devotion, 1773-1832

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198857808
eISBN:
9780191890420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857808.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter traces Anna Letitia Barbauld’s long-standing project to reassert an emotional aspect to Rational Dissenting prayer, which threatened to slip into sterilely intellectual contemplation. ... More


English Enlightenment Histories, 1750–c.1815

Karen O’Brien

in The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Volume 3: 1400-1800

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199219179
eISBN:
9780191804267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199219179.003.0026
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

This chapter examines histories written by English writers of the period 1750–c.1815. These include Edward Gibbon's The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776–88), Catharine ... More


Telescoping Faith

Thomas Owens

in Wordsworth, Coleridge, and 'the language of the heavens'

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198840862
eISBN:
9780191876479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840862.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Poetry

Chapter 6 examines Coleridge’s recourse to the discoveries of William Herschel to conceptualize and communicate his conversion to Trinitarian theology, explaining it as part of a complicated effort ... More


Theology

David Bebbington

in The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume III: The Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199683710
eISBN:
9780191823923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199683710.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Theology

Evangelicalism was the chief factor moulding the theology of most Protestant Dissenting traditions of the nineteenth century, dictating an emphasis on conversions, the cross, the Bible as the supreme ... More


Bridges Badly Built

David Hutchings

in Of Popes and Unicorns: Science, Christianity, and How the Conflict Thesis Fooled the World

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780190053093
eISBN:
9780197612699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190053093.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter unpicks the strange fact that John William Draper and Andrew Dickson White both claimed to be writing to reconcile science and religion, and yet managed to do the precise opposite—they ... More


Part Eleven

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Presence in The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190673505
eISBN:
9780190673536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673505.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Confronted with the problem of evil, Cleanthes retreats to a “finitely perfect” deity who is the “Author of Nature.” Philo, again echoing the Enquiry, points out that conjectures, especially where ... More


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