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Decline or Maturity? the Reich From Charles VII to Leopold II, c.1740–1792

Joachim Whaley

in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693078
eISBN:
9780191732256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693078.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The accession of Frederick the Great as king of Prussia in 1740 has been regarded as the start of Austro-Prussian dualism and the beginning of the end of the Reich. The years 1740-1763, culminating ... More


The Dynamics of Austrian Governance, 1780–1848

John Deak

in Forging A Multinational State: State Making in Imperial Austria from the Enlightenment to the First World War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804795579
eISBN:
9780804795937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795579.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter abstract: Chapter 1 presents the dialectic of Austrian rule: the tradition of reform and the desire for inertia. The reform emperor, Joseph II, bequeathed a spirit and attitude that made the ... More


The Council of Ferrara-Florence (1438–39)

Edward A. Siecienski

in The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372045
eISBN:
9780199777297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By any standard the “reunion council” of Ferrara-Florence was a disaster. Yet whether it was a success that failed or a failure that almost succeeded, the Council of Florence warrants a special place ... More


The Limitations of Enlightened Despotism

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The forces of aristocracy, which in some countries in the 1780s prevailed over democratic movements, prevailed in others over monarchy itself. This chapter takes up a thread left hanging at the close ... More


The Catholic Reformers

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

An account is given of reformers of the Catholic Church in Europe in the eighteenth century, following on from The Counter‐Reformation. This starts with the Jansenists in France, and goes on to ... More


Forging A Multinational State: State Making in Imperial Austria from the Enlightenment to the First World War

John Deak

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804795579
eISBN:
9780804795937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795579.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book tells the story of the origins and shared history of representative and democratic institutions in central Europe—a history that has been largely erased by the nation-state-centered ... More


Joseph II and the Monasteries of Austria and Hungary

Derek Beales

in Religious Change in Europe 1650–1914: Essays for John McManners

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205968
eISBN:
9780191676871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205968.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

While it is true that the policy of the emperor Joseph II, as ruler of the Austrian Monarchy in the 1780s, has often been described, certain of its aspects have still not been adequately covered. ... More


The Origins of Enlightenment in the Habsburg Lands

R. J. W. Evans

in Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683-1867

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541621
eISBN:
9780191701252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter presents an essay on the historical origins of Enlightenment in the territory of the Habsburg Monarchy. There were two different kinds of Enlightenment movement in the Habsburg territory ... More


Maria Theresa and Hungary

R. J. W. Evans

in Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683-1867

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541621
eISBN:
9780191701252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter presents an essay concerning the place of Hungary in the Habsburg Monarchy during the centralist reform begun by Queen Maria Theresa and continued by her son Joseph II. It suggests that ... More


Joseph II and Nationality in the Habsburg Lands

R. J. W. Evans

in Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683-1867

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541621
eISBN:
9780191701252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter presents an essay on the efforts of Joseph II to gain uniform and absolute control of Central Europe in the 1780s. He made two such attempts, which helped generate or catalyse forces of ... More


Heroes in their Underclothes: Blumauer's Travesty of the Aeneid

Ritchie Robertson

in Mock-Epic Poetry from Pope to Heine

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199571581
eISBN:
9780191722356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571581.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 18th-century Literature

Aloys Blumauer's Vergils Aeneis travestirt (1783) was in its day a famous and much‐read work, admired by Goethe, Schiller, and Hegel. It is a travesty of the Aeneid for anticlerical purposes. Besides ... More


The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792: A Political History

Richard Butterwick

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199250332
eISBN:
9780191730986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Polish Revolution cast off the Russian hegemony that had kept the Polish‐Lithuanian Commonwealth impotent for most of the eighteenth century. Before being overthrown by the armies of Catherine ... More


“He is working to abolish all Estates,” 1780–90

William D. Godsey

in The Sinews of Habsburg Power: Lower Austria in a Fiscal-Military State 1650-1820

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198809395
eISBN:
9780191846793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809395.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Joseph II’s policy toward the Estates was born in part of resentment at the government’s financial dependency on them in the Seven Years War. This chapter surveys the Estates in Lower Austria in ... More


Conclusion

Richard Butterwick

in The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792: A Political History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199250332
eISBN:
9780191730986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The first section of the conclusion traces the subsequent fate of the book's principal dramatis personae through counter‐revolution, insurrection, and foreign rule. The middle section summarizes the ... More


Bureaucratic Enlightenment and Galicia

Iryna Vushko

in The Politics of Cultural Retreat: Imperial Bureaucracy in Austrian Galicia, 1772-1867

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300207279
eISBN:
9780300213386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207279.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents an overview of the development of the bureaucratic enlightenment within the Habsburg monarchy towards the province of Galicia. The bureaucratic enlightenment started when ... More


From Přcmyslids to Habsburgs: Moravian Jewry in the “Land of Canaan”

in Rabbis and Revolution: The Jews of Moravia in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770569
eISBN:
9780804776523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770569.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter discusses the transformation and disruption of religious, communal, and demographic patterns experienced by Moravian Jewry during the Age of Emancipation. It examines the origins and ... More


Intertroupe Rivalries: The Reception of figaro

Ian Woodfield

in Cabals and Satires: Mozart's Comic Operas in Vienna

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190692636
eISBN:
9780190692667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190692636.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Opera

Joseph II’s failed scheme to swap the Austrian Low Countries for Bavaria provoked the formation of a league of states opposed to this reconfiguration of Europe. In order to repair the damage done to ... More


“To honor the Emperor”: Pasha Selim and Emperor Joseph in the Age of Enlightened Absolutism

Larry Wolff

in The Singing Turk: Ottoman Power and Operatic Emotions on the European Stage from the Siege of Vienna to the Age of Napoleon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795777
eISBN:
9780804799652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795777.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the political and emotional dynamics of Mozart’s Sultan Soliman in Zaide, and then addresses the dramatic portrait of Pasha Selim in the Abduction as a very purposeful effort ... More


Administering the Jews

Iryna Vushko

in The Politics of Cultural Retreat: Imperial Bureaucracy in Austrian Galicia, 1772-1867

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300207279
eISBN:
9780300213386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207279.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses some political and socioeconomic effects of the Habsburg monarchy's reforms against the persistence of Jewish tradition in Vienna and in the province of Galicia. Through the ... More


Coming of Age: The Primal Scene

T.J. Reed

in Light in Germany: Scenes from an Unknown Enlightenment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226205106
eISBN:
9780226205243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226205243.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the beginning is the human birthright of thinking for yourself, as set out in Immanuel Kant’s great essay ‘What is Enlightenment?’ Coming of age brings with it the right and responsibility to ask ... More


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