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Introduction

PATRICIA LYNCH

in The Liberal Party in Rural England 1885-1910: Radicalism and Community

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256211
eISBN:
9780191719677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256211.003.07
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter begins by discussing the reasons for the prevailing historiographical neglect of rural politics. It clarifies several points regarding the relationship between the rural voters and the ... More


Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Michael Brian Schiffer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In 1882, Thomas Edison and his Edison Electric Light Company unveiled the first large-scale electrical system in the world to light a stretch of offices in a city. This was a monumental achievement, ... More


Setting the Stage

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the early 1800s Georges Cuvier had proven animal extinction and Louis Agassiz a onetime Ice Age, putting in place key elements for telling past time. A new dimension of archaeology opened in ... More


“O Death, Where is Thy Sting?”

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0057
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter fifty-seven looks at Hodge’s last days. As he finished What is Darwinism?, the trustees of the Seminary began discussing who might replace Hodge. The answer was his son, Archibald Alexander ... More


Formative Years

Albert E. Moyer

in A Scientist's Voice in American Culture: Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076891
eISBN:
9780520912137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076891.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses Newcomb's intellectual meanderings in his younger years, and his first encounters with Joseph Henry and other practicing scientists. Newcomb was born in Wallace, Nova Scotia, ... More


Introduction: Cloven Tongues of Fire

Michael Rossi

in The Republic of Color: Science, Perception, and the Making of Modern America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226651729
eISBN:
9780226651866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226651866.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter sketches the early nineteenth century roots of American color science, beginning with the work of the American researcher, Joseph Henry. Henry was an exponent of “common ... More


An American Physicist

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses the important works of Joseph Henry, and other inventors and researchers, in the field of electromagnetism. Like Benjamin Franklin, Henry was a man of humble origins. Henry ... More


The Blacksmith’s Motor

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter explains the invention of the electric motor by Thomas Davenport, who was a born into a poor family in Vermont. At 14, he was apprenticed to a blacksmith’s firm to learn the trade in ... More


Humbug!

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter demonstrates how the discovery of electricity, electromagnetism, the telegraph, and the electric motor led to the development of agencies that specialized in putting forward patents for ... More


“What Hath God Wrought!”

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter deals with all the challenges faced by Samuel Morse in making a functional and commercially viable telegraph system. Morse returned to America, where he was successful in getting the ... More


Telegraphic Visions

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter introduces us to the development of early electrical telegraphs. In 1780, a Frenchman named Claude Chappe invented a rudimentary telegraph. Don Fransisco Salva, a Barcelona physician, ... More


Feeling the Great Change: Conversion and the Authority of Affect: Benjamin Disraeli's Lothair, J. H. Shorthouse's John Inglesant and Mary Ward's Helbeck of Bannisdale

in Catholic Sensationalism and Victorian Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310706
eISBN:
9781846312762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846312762.005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter analyzes three best-selling novels from the later Victorian period — Lothair (1870) by Benjamin Disraeli, John Inglesant (1880) by Joseph Henry Shorthouse, and Helbeck of Bannisdale ... More


Belligerence, Bombs, and Bordeaux: A New Place for Naval and Colonial Medicine

Michael A. Osborne

in The Emergence of Tropical Medicine in France

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226114521
eISBN:
9780226114668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226114668.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter recounts the navy’s struggles to adapt to the needs of an expanding colonial empire. It focuses on four key moments of regulatory reform, those of 1835, 1866, 1875, and 1886, and on ... More


If at First You Don’t Succeed …

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter describes intercontinental communication by means of telegraph, which was essentially Samuel Morse’s dream of America getting connected to Asia through underwater cables that could ... More


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