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Ron Mallon and Shaun Nichols

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Recent work on the emotions and moral judgment by Jonathan Haidt, James Blair, and Joshua Greene has done much to revive a sentimentalist tradition of thinking about moral psychology. This chapter ... More


Fundamentalism as a Preconscious Response to a Perceived Threat

Wendy Mayer

in Fundamentalism or Tradition: Christianity after Secularism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823285792
eISBN:
9780823288755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823285792.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Fundamentalisms bear a family resemblance for a reason, and that reason lies in the human brain. Using cognitive theories of morality, many of the features of fundamentalisms can be shown to be ... More


Moral Dumbfounding and Moral Stupefaction

Daniel Jacobson

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Several prominent moral psychologists and philosophers make much of a phenomenon they term moral dumbfounding, which is characterized by dogmatic insistence on a moral judgment for which no good ... More


The Constrained Vision of Evolutionary Ethics

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter adapts Thomas Sowell’s concept of the constrained (or “tragic”) and unconstrained (or “utopian) visions of humanity in its consideration of evolutionary ethics as a lens through which to ... More


Beyond Haidt’s New Synthesis

John C. Gibbs

in Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg, Hoffman, and Haidt

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190878214
eISBN:
9780190878245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878214.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews—and moves beyond—Haidt’s new synthesis of trends in disciplines (such as social psychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology) pertinent to morality and enculturation. ... More


Navigating Shakespeare’s Moral Compass

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

At a time when some feel that Western civilization is at a moment of crisis – and in which many are taking stock and looking for meaning – this chapter introduces a book which looks, as so many ... More


Beyond Haidt’s New Synthesis

John C. Gibbs

in Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg, Hoffman, and Haidt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199976171
eISBN:
9780190256272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199976171.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the neo-nativist and enculturative themes of Jonathan Haidt's theory of morality, with particular emphasis on his argument that the field of moral development and education has ... More


The Origin of the Moral Senses

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter contains a classification of the moral senses and a speculative account of how they originated. It is suggested that a sense of duty originated in the emotional and motivational states ... More


Moral Reasoning

Andrew Sneddon

in Like-Minded: Externalism and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016117
eISBN:
9780262298926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016117.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores moral reasoning and argues that it is widely realized, taking place centrally and literally (but not solely) between people. It first provides a sketch of the Wide Moral Systems ... More


The Disunity of Moral Judgment

Andrew Sneddon

in Like-Minded: Externalism and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016117
eISBN:
9780262298926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016117.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines moral judgment, a central topic for the majority of philosophical moral psychology today. It presents three vignettes accompanied by three questions that raise the issues of ... More


Elevation, Activated Moral Norms, and Helping

Christian Miller

in Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces two more enhancers, and follows a similar course as the previous two chapters. The one significant twist, though, is the kind of motivation to which these enhancers seem to ... More


Contemporary Humean Moral Pluralisms

Michael B. Gill

in Humean Moral Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Humean moral pluralism comprises three claims: (1) sentiment plays an essential role in moral judgment; (2) our moral judgments are based on a multiplicity of independent ultimate ends; (3) the ... More


The Rationalist Delusion?: A Post Hoc Investigation

Jeanette Kennett and Philip Gerrans

in Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199357666
eISBN:
9780199357697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357666.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is a moral judgment? Jonathan Haidt and others who adopt a dual-process model of cognition see moral judgment as largely automatic and regard explicit reasoning as directed to the task of ex ... More


Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg, Hoffman, and Haidt

John C. Gibbs

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199976171
eISBN:
9780190256272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199976171.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book explores the nature of moral development, human behavior, and social interconnections. It elucidates the full range of moral development, from superficial perception to a deeper ... More


Authority

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter argues that Shakespeare’s response to the moral foundation of authority is not located in the speeches of his political leaders, because authority is not synonymous with power. Authority ... More


Introduction

John C. Gibbs

in Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg, Hoffman, and Haidt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199976171
eISBN:
9780190256272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199976171.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book explores the development of justice and caring, especially as seen through the theories of Lawrence Kohlberg and Martin Hoffman. It considers whether moral development, including moments of ... More


Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg, Hoffman, and Haidt

John C. Gibbs

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190878214
eISBN:
9780190878245
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878214.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Moral Development and Reality explores the nature of morality, moral development, social behavior, and human connection. By comparing, contrasting, and going beyond the prominent theories mainly of ... More


Sanctity

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter examines the link between sin and dirtiness, disease or contagion in Shakespeare by looking at some key examples in King Lear, Timon of Athens, Othello, Richard III, Hamlet,Othello, and ... More


Liberty

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter, which concludes Shakespeare’s Moral Compass, finds that all six of Jonathan Haidt’s moral foundations – authority, loyalty, fairness, sanctity, care, and liberty – are registered in ... More


Empathy and the Limits of Utilitarianism (II)

Samuel Fleischacker

in Being Me Being You: Adam Smith and Empathy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226661759
eISBN:
9780226661926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226661926.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Joshua Greene and Jonathan Haidt have proposed that utilitarianism provides us with the common moral currency that every pluralistic society needs for public discourse. This chapter argues that ... More


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