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Colonial Theologies in the Era of the Revolution

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Before 1790, and despite the massive ideological changes sparked by the American Revolution, theology in America remained mostly in continuity with traditions from the Old World. The innovations ... More


Witherspoon’s Common Sense

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter Six examines the presidency and influence of John Witherspoon at Princeton College. He brought to the school a firm commitment to civic duty and Scottish Common Sense Realism. Witherspoon was ... More


“As Different . . . as Light Is from Darkness”: John Witherspoon’s Support of Independence

Gary L. Steward

in Justifying Revolution: The Early American Clergy and Political Resistance

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197565353
eISBN:
9780197565384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197565353.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Religious Studies

This chapter argues that the clergy’s overall perspective on political resistance remained consistent, even as political loyalties shifted with the Declaration of Independence in 1776. John ... More


The Friend to America

Jonathan Yeager

in Enlightened Evangelicalism: The Life and Thought of John Erskine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199772551
eISBN:
9780199895144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772551.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter surveys Erskine's sympathy for America, viewed by him as a burgeoning godly territory for the growth of evangelicalism. In the wake of the revivals in America and Britain in the 1730s ... More


American Foundations

Benjamin T. Lynerd

in Republican Theology: The Civil Religion of American Evangelicals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199363551
eISBN:
9780199363582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199363551.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Republican theology, the merging of Christian piety with the philosophy of limited government, came to dominate the vernacular of American evangelicals by the 1770s as a point of entry to the ... More


Literate Piety: John Witherspoon and James McCosh

James Foster

in The History of Scottish Theology, Volume II: From the Early Enlightenment to the Late Victorian Era

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198759348
eISBN:
9780191819896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759348.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

Though separated by a century, the lives and work of John Witherspoon and James McCosh are strikingly similar. Both were Presbyterian ministers, leaders of the Evangelical party in the Church of ... More


The Coarse and Dry Study of the Law: 1743 — 1774

Jeff Broadwater

in Jefferson, Madison, and the Making of the Constitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651019
eISBN:
9781469651033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651019.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The first chapter examines the early lives and education of Jefferson and Madison. Jefferson attended the College of William and Mary and studied law under George Wythe. He was also influenced by the ... More


Magnanimity and Modernity: Greatness of Soul and Greatness of Mind in the Enlightenment

Ryan Patrick Hanley

in The Measure of Greatness: Philosophers on Magnanimity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198840688
eISBN:
9780191882654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840688.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter chronicles the approaches to magnanimity taken by three key Enlightenment theorists, David Hume, Adam Smith, and John Witherspoon. United in their concern to defend the modern relevance ... More


Scottish Philosophy Abroad

Gordon Graham

in Scottish Philosophy in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199560684
eISBN:
9780191814419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560684.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is divided into three separate sections devoted in order to Europe, North America, and Australasia. In the first section, attention is given to the reception of Scottish philosophical ... More


Satirical Revenge

John Witherspoon

in Early Evangelicalism: A Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199916955
eISBN:
9780190258368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916955.003.0025
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter presents excerpts from John Witherspoon's Ecclesiastical Characteristics: Or, the Arcana of Church Policy (1753), a satire of his perception of the beliefs and practices of the Moderate ... More


The New Queen of the Sciences and the New Republic

George M. Marsden

in The Soul of the American University Revisited: From Protestant to Postsecular

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190073312
eISBN:
9780190073343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190073312.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, History of Christianity

In the eighteenth century Christian higher education faced several new challenges. Most notable is the Enlightenment. American schools generally incorporated moderate Enlightenment ideas into their ... More


Justifying Revolution: The Early American Clergy and Political Resistance

Gary L. Steward

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197565353
eISBN:
9780197565384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197565353.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Religious Studies

This work explores the patriot clergymen’s arguments for the legitimacy of political resistance to the British in the early stages of the American Revolution. It reconstructs the historical and ... More


Word Wars

Ralph Keyes

in The Hidden History of Coined Words

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190466763
eISBN:
9780197573921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190466763.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Pitched battles have long been fought between neology advocates and those who think we have enough words already. Centuries ago language purists such as Daniel Defoe and Jonathan Swift railed against ... More


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