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  • Keywords: John Tyndall x
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Making Careers

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter examines the routes to careers in science in mid-Victorian England–the ways in which reputations were made, the roles of patrons, and the practice of pluralism (that is, the accumulation ... More


Poetic Science and Competitive Vigor: John Tyndall and Edward Whymper

Caroline Schaumann

in Peak Pursuits: The Emergence of Mountaineering in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300231946
eISBN:
9780300252828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300231946.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter looks at Edward Whymper's best-selling “Scrambles Amongst the Alps” in 1871. It reveals how Whymper's book is unmistakably shaped by Alexander von Humboldt's discourse, prefaced by ... More


Evolutionary Naturalism on High: The Victorians Sequester the Alps

Michael S. Reidy

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A disproportionately large percentage of the most prominent evolutionary naturalists, and almost every member of the X-Club, traveled and climbed in the Swiss Alps. John Tyndall and Leslie Stephen, ... More


Schisms

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Helmholtz articulates a final story on the basis of the new thermodynamics, examined in relation to the change of organic forms, energy and entropy. He recasts this as a synthesis of thermodynamics ... More


Intellectual Freedom

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The previous chapter laid the foundation for the argument that the central controversy in the control of Victorian science education was not religion, but rather sectarianism and dogmatism. Closer ... More


How the Naturalists “Won”

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how Huxley and the other scientific naturalists used the similarity between theistic and naturalistic science to take control of scientific institutions. In particular, the ... More


Paradox: The Art of Scientific Naturalism

George Levine

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter views the Scientific Naturalists from a literary perspective. Granting the importance of precise social context, it claims that full understanding of the naturalist's project requires ... More


The Limits of Science

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

One of the most contentious issues with which the emerging naturalism had to grapple was the question of what, if anything, was beyond science’s grasp. Both naturalists and theists accused each other ... More


Clarissa’s Glacial Skepticism: John Tyndall and “Deep Time” in Mrs. Dalloway

Catherine W. Hollis

in Interdisciplinary/Multidisciplinary Woolf

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780989082624
eISBN:
9781781384961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780989082624.003.0017
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter focuses on Leslie Stephen's mountaineering, from his footsteps up mountains to his daughter's knowledge of glaciology, in Mrs. Dalloway. It considers Virginia Woolf's characterization of ... More


Mind and Matter: Mental and Natural Science

Andrew R. Holmes

in The Irish Presbyterian Mind: Conservative Theology, Evangelical Experience, and Modern Criticism, 1830-1930

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198793618
eISBN:
9780191835452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793618.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The first section of Chapter 3 examines a period of transition in the early nineteenth century when Presbyterian commitment to Common Sense philosophy and induction was challenged by modern geology ... More


The Theology of Victorian Scientific Naturalists

Bernard Lightman

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The Victorian scientific naturalists are particularly important for an understanding of the history of naturalism. They were the first group of scientists and intellectuals to adopt secular ... More


Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Bernard Lightman and Gowan Dawson (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Victorian Scientific Naturalism examines the secular creeds of the generation of intellectuals who, in the wake of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, wrested cultural authority from the old Anglican ... More


“A Damnable Doctrine”: Darwin and the Soul of Victorian Doubt

Dominic Erdozain

in The Soul of Doubt: The Religious Roots of Unbelief from Luther to Marx

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199844616
eISBN:
9780190267384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844616.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the emergence of Darwinian natural selection, the “warfare” between science and religion, and the crisis of faith in Victorian Britain. It argues that the new science of ... More


God and the Uniformity of Nature: The Case of Nineteenth-Century Physics

Matthew Stanley

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Today the laws of physics are often seen as evidence for a naturalistic worldview. However, historically, physics was usually considered compatible with belief in God. Foundations of physics such as ... More


Julius Robert Mayer

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Mayer built a conservation law that included heat based on his calculation for the mechanical equivalent of heat (MEH) involving the difference in heat capacity at constant pressure and that at ... More


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