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Resisting Procrastination: Kantian Autonomy and the Role of the Will

Mark D. White

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Economists, psychologists, and philosophers have written extensively on the causes of procrastination. While their work helps us understand why people procrastinate, it does not explain how they can ... More


The Embodied View

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter argues that, contrary to the claims of the proponents of the embodied approach, embodied cognitive modeling does not underwrite a new view of the fundamental relation between mind and ... More


The Standard Criticisms of Comparativism

Robert J. Fogelin

in Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There has been almost universal agreement that Aristotle's so-called reduction of metaphors to similes is hopelessly inadequate. The philosophers who have lined up against Aristotle are an impressive ... More


Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Figuratively Speaking (1986) examines figures of speech that concern meaning—irony, hyperbole, understatement, similes, metaphors, and others—to show how they work and to explain their ... More


Systems, Mind, and Magic

Ariel Glucklich

in The End of Magic

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108798
eISBN:
9780199853434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108798.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Phenomenology and system theory are the foundations of the “magical experience.” They offer a way out of the body/mind impasse. Magic, taken as an experience rather than as a doctrine, is the very ... More


Weak Realism

Maurizio Ferraris

in Where Are You?: An Ontology of the Cell Phone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256150
eISBN:
9780823261321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256150.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the theory of weak realism, which was set against postmodernists by John Searle and argues that social objects are constructed upon physical objects. It first considers what ... More


What some distinguished scientists have proposed on the nature of consciousness: John Searle, Homer Smith, Vernon Mountcastle, and Roger Sperry

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter compares the views of some distinguished scientists on the biology of consciousness. These scientists include John Searle, Homer, Smith, Vernon Mountcastle, and Roger Perry. Their ... More


Institutional Facts and Institutions

Raimo Tuomela

in Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199978267
eISBN:
9780199367788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978267.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

The chapter creates a theory of group-social facts and social institutions relying on the we-mode approach and the notion of collective “pattern-governed” behavior. The central notion in this account ... More


On the Idea of Human Rights

Steven Wheatley

in The Idea of International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198749844
eISBN:
9780191814174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749844.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Chapter 6 turns first to the work of the philosopher John Searle to explain the objective reality of human rights, showing how states, through their discursive practices, created a notion of human ... More


Concepts, Distinctions, and some Preliminary Remarks on Method

Kenneth M. Ehrenberg

in The Functions of Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199677474
eISBN:
9780191758355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677474.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Three conceptual levels of law (specific enactments, legal systems, law as a genre) are disambiguated, as well as the way the type/token distinction maps onto these levels. Functions are explained. ... More


Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral ... More


Relation to Other Accounts

Kirk Ludwig

in From Individual to Plural Agency: Collective Action I

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198755623
eISBN:
9780191816765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755623.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares the book’s account, particularly of shared intention and we-intentions, to pioneering accounts by Tuomela, Searle, Bratman, Velleman, and Gilbert. It argues that we need not ... More


Reductive Approaches to the First-Person Perspective

Lynne Rudder Baker

in Naturalism and the First-Person Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199914722
eISBN:
9780199347483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914722.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 3 presents arguments against reductive approaches to the first-person perspective. John Perry argues that first-personal phenomena fit into a non-first-person ontology. I argue that he does ... More


Sociality and Planning Agency

Michael E. Bratman

in Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199897933
eISBN:
9780199351930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897933.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Political Philosophy

The chapter takes initial steps toward an account of the conceptual, metaphysical, and normative foundations of important forms of shared agency/modest sociality. To do this it draws upon the ... More


Deconstruction and Fiction

Derek Attridge

in Reading and Responsibility: Deconstruction's Traces

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640089
eISBN:
9780748652112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640089.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter arises from the reading of J. M. Coetzee's memoir Boyhood and a fascination with its problematic relation to fiction. John Searle argues that the writer of fiction is ‘pretending’ to ... More


A Real Unity of Them All

Margaret Gilbert

in Joint Commitment: How We Make the Social World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199970148
eISBN:
9780199369898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970148.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

The gradual emergence of the European Union has provoked the question whether it constitutes a new “we”. This essay asks how a “we” is constituted. In Hobbes’s terms: how can one constitute a “real ... More


Pragmatics, Indirectness, and Neg-politeness: A Basis for Politeness Modeling

Geoffrey Leech

in The Pragmatics of Politeness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780195341386
eISBN:
9780190225933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341386.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents a goal-oriented approach to communication, in which both the speaker and the hearer engage in problem solving to arrive at pragmatic meaning. Especially in explaining ... More


Introduction: The idea and context

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about primordial emotions and the concept of consciousness. This book clarifies the definition of consciousness and ... More


What Women are For: Pornography and Social Ontology

Katharine Jenkins

in Beyond Speech: Pornography and Analytic Feminist Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190257910
eISBN:
9780190257927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257910.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter uses John Searle’s account of institutional reality to offer an interpretation of two of Catharine MacKinnon’s claims about pornography. The first is that it subordinates women; the ... More


Principles, Rules, and Virtue Claims

Nick Fotion

in Theory vs. Anti-Theory in Ethics: A Misconceived Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199373529
eISBN:
9780199373543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199373529.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Particularists (e.g. Jonathan Dancy) threaten the status of theory formation by threatening the status of rules, principles and virtue claims. They do so by introducing into the discussion the ... More


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