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Explaining the Phenomena

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter examines three examples of non‐reductionist natural philosophy, something supported, at a philosophical level, by Locke's anti‐reductionist approach. The first is John Ray's rejection of ... More


Collective Note-taking and Robert Hooke's Dynamic Archive

Richard Yeo

in Notebooks, English Virtuosi, and Early Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106564
eISBN:
9780226106731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226106731.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the challenge of collective note-taking in the service of collaborative projects, such as those of John Ray and Martin Lister on the description and classification of plants and ... More


Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

John G. T. Anderson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Natural history, the deliberate observation of the environment, is arguably the oldest science. From purely practical beginnings as a way of finding food and shelter, natural history evolved into the ... More


The Nature and Boundaries of Biological Species

Justin E. H. Smith

in Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141787
eISBN:
9781400838721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141787.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter shows that Leibniz's analysis of the nature and boundaries of biological species is very different from his now well-known nominalist account of the species of, for example, mathematical ... More


. Ray, Linnaeus, and the Ordering of the World

John G. T. Anderson

in Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

In which natural history leaves behind its medieval phase and becomes a modern science. John Ray develops a more systemic taxonomy using trinomial Latin descriptions of plants and animals, a system ... More


Verbal Picturing

Alexander Wragge-Morley

in Aesthetic Science: Representing Nature in the Royal Society of London, 1650-1720

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680729
eISBN:
9780226681054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226681054.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 4 offers a new interpretation of the written style used by some leading members of the early Royal Society to represent plant and animal bodies. For a long time, the consensus has been that ... More


Natural history and lexicography: John Ray and his friends

John Considine

in Small Dictionaries and Curiosity: Lexicography and Fieldwork in Post-Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198785019
eISBN:
9780191827211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785019.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, English Language

The first publication of the English naturalist and theologian John Ray was a contribution to the natural history of a particular location. His attention to the local, however, was also directed ... More


Physico-Theology, Natural Philosophy, and Sensory Experience

Alexander Wragge-Morley

in Aesthetic Science: Representing Nature in the Royal Society of London, 1650-1720

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680729
eISBN:
9780226681054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226681054.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reassesses the relationship between physico-theology—the main body of works in which philosophers such as Robert Boyle, Nehemiah Grew, and John Ray advanced claims about how nature ... More


Ray’s Collection of English Words

John Considine

in Small Dictionaries and Curiosity: Lexicography and Fieldwork in Post-Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198785019
eISBN:
9780191827211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785019.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, English Language

Ray compiled a Collection of English Proverbs in 1670, and some of these are localized by county. His major contribution to the lexicography of regional English, however, was his Collection of ... More


Design versus the Epicurean Hypothesis: Two Thousand Years of Debate

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter pursues the debate over design from its origins in ancient Greek philosophy through the Enlightenment to Cuvier and Darwin, contrasts teleological views with those of the atomist or ... More


Milton and the People

Joanna Picciotto

in Milton in the Long Restoration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198769774
eISBN:
9780191822605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769774.003.0027
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Milton’s account of creation is examined alongside the discourse of physico-theology, which read ‘the book of nature’ as a testament to the wisdom and benevolence of its divine author. To recover the ... More


Aesthetic Science: Representing Nature in the Royal Society of London, 1650-1720

Alexander Wragge-Morley

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680729
eISBN:
9780226681054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226681054.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The scientists affiliated with the early Royal Society of London have long been regarded as forerunners of modern empiricism, rejecting the symbolic and moral goals of Renaissance natural history in ... More


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