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Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Alan Thomas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book seeks to further the debate between ‘cognitivists’ and ‘non-cognitivists’ about the possibility and the nature of moral knowledge. The book is divided into four parts. Part I presents the ... More


Justice, Responsibility, and the Demands of Equality

T. M. Scanlon

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the disagreement between Cohen and Rawls on the question of whether individuals should be held responsible for their tastes and preferences. It notes the difference in principle, ... More


Rawls and the Abstract Contract

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Rawls's argument in A Theory of Justice, which attempts to derive liberal rights and rules of justice from an original position or contract among people denied full knowledge of ... More


Creating Citizens: Political Education and Liberal Democracy

Eamonn Callan

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292586
eISBN:
9780191598913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292589.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The problem of education in liberal democracies is to ensure the intergenerational continuity of their constitutive political ideals while remaining open to a diversity of conduct and belief that ... More


Public Discourse and Reasonable Pluralism: Rethinking the Requirements of Neutrality

H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr.

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the view that religious claims have no legitimate place in the public forum. This exploration involves a critical re-examination of the public versus private distinction that ... More


Contextual Arguments for Liberalism

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Contextual Arguments for Liberalism This chapter examines Rawls's essays published since A Theory of Justice and Charles Larmore's argument in Patterns of Moral Complexity, both of which reject the ... More


Political Liberalism and Contextualism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter puts contextualism to work in analyzing Rawlsian liberalism. Political Liberalism marked a shift in focus in Rawls’s project from the presentation of a conception of justice and its ... More


Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Matt Matravers

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book attempts to answer the challenge of showing that morality is not a confidence trick or a fetish. It does so by arguing that moral norms are those that rational, self‐interested people could ... More


Distributive Justice

Simon Caney

in Justice Beyond Borders: A Global Political Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780198293507
eISBN:
9780191602337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829350X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Having argued, in Ch. 2, that there are universal moral values, the next logical step is to ask what these universal moral values are; this question is pursued in Chs 3 and 4, which consider ... More


Political Liberalism and Civic Republicanism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the unresolved problem for Rawls described at the end of the previous chapter. The problem is that given the demanding nature of the duty of mutual restraint invoked when ... More


Critical Justification

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The internal coherence of any system of political institutions and ideas is only one of the considerations we must have in mind in an account of ultimate justification; there is also the idea of a ... More


The Appeal of Political Liberalism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Attempts to ground liberal toleration in pluralism about value, in scepticism about value, or in the simple need for a modus vivendi are all subject to various difficulties. John Rawls, in his book ... More


Introduction

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter outlines the empirical context of the debate over reparations for historic international injustice, with particular reference to colonialism and the slave trade. It ... More


Pluralism and Political Liberalism

Eamonn Callan

in Creating Citizens: Political Education and Liberal Democracy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292586
eISBN:
9780191598913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292589.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The cardinal idea in Rawls's political liberalism is that a better conception of liberal justice is available to us once we ground principles of justice in an ‘overlapping consensus’ among the many ... More


Justice and Desert in Liberal Theory *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Scheffler identifies and interprets the core ideas in John Rawls's discussion of desert in A Theory of Justice. The conjunction of these ideas, which Scheffler terms the ‘Liberal Theory’ of desert, ... More


Assessing the Statist Ideal

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the complaint that the statist ideal is excessively biased in favour of the status quo and argues that this critique is only partly successful. While the statists’ (especially ... More


An Extension of the Rawlsian Savings Principle to Liberal Theories of Justice in General

M. L. J. Wissenburg

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Marcel Wissenburg makes a close analysis of John Rawls's ‘savings principle’ as articulated in Political Liberalism, and argues that, properly understood, it is a necessary condition for the survival ... More


Impartiality and Congruence

Susan Mendus

in Impartiality in Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297819
eISBN:
9780191599880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297815.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Argues that a form of impartialism that is grounded in the partial concerns we have for others can be shown to be congruent with the good of the agent, and that such congruence does not imply ... More


Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Kok-Chor Tan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a critical survey of the following three questions of egalitarian distributive justice. where does distributive equality matter? Why does it matter? And among whom does it matter? These ... More


The Social Division of Responsibility

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 4 looks in more detail at the place of claims about responsibility in arguments not just about how goods should be distributed but also about what those goods should be. It assesses an argument ... More


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