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John Philoponus: Energetic Revision of the Classical Theory

Johannes Zachhuber

in The Rise of Christian Theology and the End of Ancient Metaphysics: Patristic Philosophy from the Cappadocian Fathers to John of Damascus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198859956
eISBN:
9780191892370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859956.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses John Philoponus, the major Christian philosopher of the sixth century. A first section discusses his special position as a Christian philosopher who taught Aristotelian and ... More


The Neoplatonists

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Although the syncretism of the preceding Platonic tradition is still evident in the Neoplatonism of Plotinus, Plotinus’ system of reality, Hankinson argues, is a strikingly original achievement. ... More


Presentism, Creation, and the Timeless God

R. T. Mullins

in The End of the Timeless God

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755180
eISBN:
9780191816543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755180.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the problems that arise for the divine timeless research program from presentism, creation ex nihilo, and divine sustaining. The two main problems to be discussed are as ... More


The External Activity of the Godhead: Cosmology

Torstein Theodor Tollefsen

in Activity and Participation in Late Antique and Early Christian Thought

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199605965
eISBN:
9780191738227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605965.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Religion in the Ancient World

The chapter describes the doctrines of creation or of the external activity of God, in Gregory of Nyssa, Dionysius the Areopagite, and Maximus the Confessor. The author questions whether Dionysius ... More


In-Between

in Abysmal: A Critique of Cartographic Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226629308
eISBN:
9780226629322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226629322.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

John Philoponus (born around 490, dead sometime in the 570s) devoted his life to the Christianization of Hellenistic thought in general and to the mummification of Ptolemy's Almagest in particular. ... More


Industrious Jack

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter first discusses John Philoponus’ book Against Proclus. Working through each of Proclus’ 18 arguments, Philoponus demonstrates, through close philosophical analysis, that in no case do ... More


The Creation of the World

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focusses on Philoponus’ book De Opificio Mundi—On the Creation of the World—a commentary on the Genesis account of creation. While one thrust of the book is to refute the criticisms of ... More


The Two Students

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In 2005 excavations in Alexandria uncovered a large complex of twenty lecture theatres from the fifth or sixth century AD. While there is to date no inscriptional proof, it seems almost certain that ... More


Medieval Theology II: Impetus

Thomas Nail

in Being and Motion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190908904
eISBN:
9780190908942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908904.003.0028
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the second kinetic operation or feature in the ontological description of force is the externalization of motion. Kinetically, the externalization of motion occurs when a ... More


Conclusions

Frank Griffel

in The Formation of Post-Classical Philosophy in Islam

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190886325
eISBN:
9780190886356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886325.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Fakhr al-Din al-Razi’s philosophical books argue for a God who acts out of pure necessity and whose creative activity goes on forever, creating a pre-eternal world. His books of kalam, however, argue ... More


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