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Models, Truth, and Realism

Barry Taylor

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book mounts an argument against one of the fundamental tenets of much contemporary philosophy, the idea that we can make sense of reality as existing objectively, independently of our capacities ... More


Tarskian Truth and the Views of John McDowell

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the status of Tarskian truth. It argues that because of its connections with behaviour and psychology through the notion of translation, it is properly classified as a ... More


The Case for Cognitivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the position of Wiggins and McDowell. This theory is fatally incomplete, rather than fatally flawed. It is a view of moral truth and enquiry that has been much misunderstood, ... More


Values, Norms, and the Practical

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rejects the view that Wiggins’s and McDowell’s theories of moral motivation postulate an objectionable form of inherent normativity in a moral agent’s recognition of value. Their ... More


McDowell, Williams, and Intuitionism

Jonathan Dancy

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Bernard Williams's ‘What does Intuitionism Imply?’ (1988). It considers the justice of certain complaints that he makes about the position he associates with John McDowell. ... More


Classical Theories of Reasons and Motivation

Jeanette Kennett

in Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199266302
eISBN:
9780191699146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266302.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents an outline of Socrates' view of moral psychology as presented in Plato's Protagoras. The chapter concerns with the critical examination of some classical and modern views of ... More


Radical Scepticism and Quietism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Although there are some important similarities, this particular undercutting way of responding to the radical sceptical problem is ultimately significantly different from a quietistic response to ... More


Introduction

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the aim of this book, which is the development of a contextualist approach to epistemology. This is followed by a discussion of the ... More


A Sense of Occasion

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explores the views of John Cook Wilson, J. L. Austin, and John McDowell. Some stances aim at the world: if all goes well, stance and world match. Some stances contain the world: for one ... More


What Is Conceptual Understanding?

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with an overview and a taxonomy of philosophical accounts of intentionality and conceptual understanding. Differences among these views often cause confusion: debates between John ... More


Julius Caesar and George Berkeley Play Leapfrog

Simon Blackburn

in Practical Tortoise Raising: and other philosophical essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199548057
eISBN:
9780191594953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548057.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is a response to the view expressed by John McDowell in which the mind relates to the world by absorbing facts, thought of as worldly items, within itself. It argues that the metaphors ... More


A Disjunctive Conception of Acting for Reasons

Jennifer Hornsby

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces a disjunctivist conception of acting for reasons by showing that an account of acting for reasons should give a place to knowledge. This disjunctive conception is claimed to ... More


Objectivity, Morality, and Adjudication *

BRIAN LEITER

in Naturalizing Jurisprudence: Essays on American Legal Realism and Naturalism in Legal Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199206490
eISBN:
9780191715020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206490.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers the views of two philosophers — Ronald Dworkin and John McDowell — who repudiate the premise of the location problem, namely, that causal efficacy is always the mark of the ... More


: We Can Act Only Under the Idea of Freedom

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay has a two‐fold aim. One is to respond to Daniel Dennett's naturalistic treatment of the free will problem. According to Dennett, the idea of free will is reducible to a deliberator's ... More


The Non-Reductive Theory

Paul Faulkner

in Knowledge on Trust

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589784
eISBN:
9780191725517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589784.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the non-reductive theory of testimony, an audience is entitled to believe testimony, other things being equal. And testimony is distinctive as an epistemic source in that it transmits ... More


Naturalism and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Naturalists have at least three core commitments: refusing appeals to what is supernatural or transcendent to nature; making scientific understanding central to philosophical understanding; and ... More


Reasoning

Hilary Kornblith

in On Reflection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Some of our beliefs are the product of reasoning. What is involved when we reason from one belief, or one set of beliefs, to another? Some philosophers have held that all that is involved here is ... More


Naive Realism: The Theory and Its Motivations

William Fish

in Perception, Hallucination, and Illusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195381344
eISBN:
9780199869183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the thesis of naive realism, which claims that the conscious aspects of our experiences are shaped by the external world. It clarifies the terminology of phenomenal character ... More


Trust and the Uptake of Testimony

Paul Faulkner

in Knowledge on Trust

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589784
eISBN:
9780191725517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589784.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the non-reductive theory of testimony suffers two failings. First, the idea that we have an entitlement to believe testimony gets things wrong descriptively. Either it ... More


The Virtues Benefit Their Possessor

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some familiar objections to the very idea that the virtues benefit their possessor can be quickly cleared away. When we consider the claim in the context of bringing up our own children or reflexion ... More


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