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John Major: Between the Party and the IGC

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

With the failure to delay or block the EMU initiative, Major was left to bridge the unbridgeable, caught between a divided party and European credibility. Party divisions prevented any radical shift ... More


Resisting EMU: Political Strategy, Policy Entrepreneurship, and Policy Reflection Before the IGC

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The emergence of EMU on the European agenda caught Whitehall off guard. The task soon became one of resistance. Two alternative plans were launched—for a competing currency, then for a common ... More


The Conservative Stewardship of Northern Ireland 1979–97: Sound-bottomed Contradictions or Slow Learning?

John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary

in The Northern Ireland Conflict: Consociational Engagements

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266579
eISBN:
9780191601446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266573.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The chapter gives an evaluation of the inconsistencies in the conservatives' approach to Northern Ireland under Prime ministers Thatcher and Major. It applauds the Conservatives eventual recognition ... More


Unionism in Britain since 1961: Elite Attitudes

Iain Mclean and Alistair McMillan

in State of the Union

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199258208
eISBN:
9780191603334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258201.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter discusses the evolution of elite attitudes in all parties. On the Unionist side, some of the earlier props of Unionism fell away (interests of local economic elites; the Empire; ... More


At the Heart of Europe: The Road to the Maastricht Treaty

Stephen Wall

in A Stranger in Europe: Britain and the EU from Thatcher to Blair

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284559
eISBN:
9780191700309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284559.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, UK Politics

Although John Major was born during World War II, he was a child of post-war Britain. Unlike Margaret Thatcher, who was already a teenager when war was declared, Major had no visceral fear of what a ... More


Success Turned Sour: From Maastricht to Mad Cow Disease

Stephen Wall

in A Stranger in Europe: Britain and the EU from Thatcher to Blair

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284559
eISBN:
9780191700309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284559.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, UK Politics

The deal agreed in Maastricht was a great success for Britain and a personal success for Prime Minister John Major. However, this success was clouded by the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or ... More


The Euro and Union: Thatcher, Major, and Fin de Régime

Stephen Wall

in A Stranger in Europe: Britain and the EU from Thatcher to Blair

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284559
eISBN:
9780191700309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284559.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, UK Politics

Nigel Lawson, the British Chancellor, viewed Margaret Thatcher's agreement, at the Hanover European Council in June 1988, to a committee to examine the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) as a ... More


Thatcher and Major

J. A. Chandler

in Explaining Local Government: Local Government in Britain since 1800

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067068
eISBN:
9781781701355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067068.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

During the administrations of Margaret Thatcher and John Major, there was a decline in trust between local and central government. New Right theory is not necessarily inimical to local as opposed to ... More


The General Whom the President Elevated Too High: Davis and John Bell Hood

Herman Hattaway

in Jefferson Davis's Generals

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139211
eISBN:
9780199848799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139211.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter illuminates the factors that might have played a role in Major John Bell Hood's rise: a West Point training, an impressive physical size, association with Texas, and—possibly—personal ... More


Talking to the Enemy, 1993–95

Feargal Cochrane

in Northern Ireland: The Reluctant Peace

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300178708
eISBN:
9780300194869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178708.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on discussions held between the British Government and the Provisional IRA between 1993 and 1995. By late 1993, Irish Taoiseach Albert Reynolds was trying to hammer out an ... More


The oratory of John Major

Timothy Heppell and Thomas McMeeking

in Conservative Orators from Baldwin to Cameron

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719097249
eISBN:
9781781708361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097249.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The Conservative administrations that John Major led were so convulsed by governing incompetence and party infighting that he was an easy target for putdowns. He himself was never to deliver the type ... More


Social policy since 1979: a view from the right

David Marsland

in Social Policy Review 16: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2004

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424716
eISBN:
9781447303435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424716.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter discusses social policy since 1979, and views the welfare state changes that were made over the past quarter century. It looks at an account of Mrs Thatcher's social policy crusade, and ... More


Conservative policy and the family

Paul Daniel

in The Conservative Party and social policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424334
eISBN:
9781447303718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424334.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter suggests that family policy is one aspect of social policy where the coalition with the Liberal Democrats may push the Conservatives in a more socially liberal direction. It first ... More


Class Resilience

Peter Marks

in Literature of the 1990s: Endings and Beginnings

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474411592
eISBN:
9781474444873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474411592.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Alwyn Turner’s compendious study, A Classless Society: Britain in the1990s (2013), ends after 574 richly observed pages seemingly contradicting its title. Turner writes of John Major and Tony Blair, ... More


The changing British welfare state

Martin Evans and Lewis Williams

in A generation of change, a lifetime of difference?: Social policy in Britain since 1979

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423054
eISBN:
9781447301387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423054.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter puts the past 30 years of policy change into a longer historical context and broadens the focus to consider a wide range of policy and social policy, and governmental and political ... More


The Re-enchanted Hierarchy, 1970–2004

Tobias Harper

in From Servants of the Empire to Everyday Heroes: The British Honours System in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198841180
eISBN:
9780191876714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841180.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

At the end of the twentieth century there were major reforms to the honours system. These were connected to larger processes of social change following the political and social shifts of the 1980s ... More


“May the Good Lord Take Care of the Pore Soldiers”

Rod Gragg

in Covered with Glory: The 26th North Carolina Infantry at the Battle of Gettysburg

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807871409
eISBN:
9781469604312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898383_gragg.8
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter describes Major John Thomas Jones's trip to New York City and how it had been an eye-opener, proving to be as frustrating as it was enjoyable. After making a celebratory round of the ... More


Thatcher's legacy: late-twentieth-century conservatism in context

Richard Hayton

in Reconstructing Conservatism?: The Conservative party in opposition, 1997-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719083167
eISBN:
9781781706107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083167.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Chapter 2 considers the context faced by the Conservative Party upon entering opposition in 1997, following the degeneration of John Major's government and landslide election defeat. This ... More


Election of Party Leaders: Two Political Cultures 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0104
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

On 21 June 1995, P. V. Narasimha Rao, celebrated his four years in office as India's Prime Minister with much fanfare. The following day, his British counterpart, John Major, resigned as leader of ... More


The Conservative Party and the welfare state since 1945

Robert M. Page

in The Conservative Party and social policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424334
eISBN:
9781447303718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424334.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter addresses the longer-term development of Conservative Party thinking. Attention is focused first on the emergence and development of modern One Nation Conservatism from the end of the ... More


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