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Writing Under Tyranny: English Literature and the Henrician Reformation

Greg Walker

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283330
eISBN:
9780191712630
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283330.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This book considers the impact of Henry VIII’s break with Rome and the Royal Supremacy of the 1530s upon the generation of poets, playwrights, and prose-writers who lived through those events. ... More


New Forms, New Challenges: Heywood’s songs: Merriness, Malice, and the Death of More

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Heywood’s songs have generally been seen by literary scholars as essentially harmless evocations of joie de vivre. This chapter looks afresh at their insistent evocation of good-will and harmony, and ... More


Origins and Early Years: John Heywood’s Career to 1528: Johan Johan and Witty and Witless

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter sketches what is known of Heywood’s early life and career, taking him from Coventry in the early 1500s to the royal household in the 1520s, setting out both what is known about these ... More


Rehabilitation and Reformation: The Epigrams and Proverbs

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter looks at Heywood’s remarkable rehabilitation after his abjuration in 1543, and examines in detail his turn to a new literary form with A Dialogue of Proverbs. It offers a new reading of ... More


‘At this my extreme age’: ‘Old Heywood’ in Exile

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0017
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Heywood’s last years in exile in the Netherlands are the subject of this penultimate chapter. It looks at his encounter in Mechelen with the English agent (and fellow author) Thomas Wilson, and the ... More


The Signs of the World: The ‘Wondrous’ Divisions of the Early 1530s

Greg Walker

in Writing Under Tyranny: English Literature and the Henrician Reformation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283330
eISBN:
9780191712630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283330.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter looks at the increasingly public divisions between the clergy and the laity, conservatives and reformers in the early years of the English Reformation. It charts the role of literary ... More


The Accession of Mary Tudor: ‘The Eagle’s bird hath spread his wings’

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

When Edward VI died, Mary Tudor’s chances of merely retaining her freedom, let alone of succeeding her brother on the throne, seemed slim. Her survival and eventual triumph over her enemies must have ... More


Cynicism and Hope: Gentleness and Nobility and the Summoning of the Reformation Parliament

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter offers a new reading of this powerful humanist interlude. It argues for Heywood’s authorship in collaboration with his father-in-law John Rastell, who also printed the play. It reads the ... More


In Kent and Christendom?: The Nature of Heywood’s Treason

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter looks in detail at the evidence for Heywood’s involvement in the so called Prebendaries Plot against Thomas Cranmer in the diocese of Kent. It explores the religious divisions that ... More


Discord, Dissent, and Division: England, 1534–1543

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Even if we cannot follow Heywood’s engagement with the fine details of political events in his work in these years in quite the way that we could through his earlier interludes, it is nonetheless ... More


Speaking in Parables: The Spider and the Fly

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter looks at Heywood’s most enigmatic and critically divisive text, the long, allegorical narrative poem, The Spider and the Fly. Against prevailing notions that it is a parable of the ... More


‘When all that is to was is brought’: A Time of Endings and Thoughts of Flight

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines Heywood’s fortunes in the early years of the reign of Elizabeth I, as he strove to maintain his position as a creative artist in a newly Protestant England and began to consider ... More


Faith, Hope, and Mendacity: The Four PP

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The Four PP is perhaps Heywood’s most enigmatic interlude, its disorienting title reflecting a wider lack of apparent cohesion in the work as a whole. This chapter suggests that it is best understood ... More


Royal entry: London, 18 August 1554

Alexander Samson

in Mary and Philip: The Marriage of Tudor England and Habsburg Spain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781526142238
eISBN:
9781526152091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526142245.00010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Philip and Mary’s entry into London on 18th August reflects the complexity of their reign. Organised by a group of aldermen, including Richard Grafton, Protestant printer of the Great Bible, and John ... More


‘His own life and nature’: Heywood’s Legacy

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The conclusion addresses the themes of Erasmianism, identity, comedy, and survival that have run through the book as a whole, suggesting both the achievements and the limitations of Heywood’s ... More


The Significance of Heywood’s Interludes

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter looks back over the previous seven chapters, drawing together a synoptic account of the nature and significance of Heywood’s distinct and coherent body of dramatic compositions. It ... More


Discordant Voices: The Pardoner and the Friar

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter looks at Heywood’s most abrasive and experimental interlude, which sets a corrupt Pardoner against an enigmatic, elusive Friar in violent dispute over which of them merits alms from the ... More


Bellicose Verse: ‘Scarborough Warning’

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The final poem that Heywood published during the reign of Mary Tudor, and perhaps the last new poetic work he would publish in his lifetime, was a rather more overtly loyalist and patriotic work, the ... More


Conscience and Satire in A Play of Love

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter argues that the fall of Wolsey and the promotion of More to the chancellorship also inform Heywood’s next major dramatic work, A Play of Love. Evidently designed for performance either ... More


Complaining about the Weather: Heywood, Thomas More, and the Opening of the Reformation Parliament

Greg Walker

in John Heywood: Comedy and Survival in Tudor England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198851516
eISBN:
9780191886119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851516.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter sets Heywood’s Play of the Weather in the context of the remarkable opening session of the Reformation Parliament. It reads the play’s opening lines in the context of More’s savage ... More


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