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WILLIAM HERSCHEL: SURVEYING THE HEAVENS

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by giving a brief description about William Herschel's family and his private life. It explains that despite their poverty, the Herschels were very conscious of the value of good ... More


The Rise of Photography

Klaus Hentschel

in Mapping the Spectrum: Techniques of Visual Representation in Research and Teaching

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509530
eISBN:
9780191709050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509530.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter relates the emergence of early photographic techniques, such as the Daguerreotype and calotype, with spectrum research, most notably through Fox Talbot and John Herschel. Early ... More


The Spectrum in Historical Context

Klaus Hentschel

in Mapping the Spectrum: Techniques of Visual Representation in Research and Teaching

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509530
eISBN:
9780191709050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509530.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents a historical survey of the analysis of spectra, starting with Leonardo da Vinci's observations of spectra from a glass of water. Newton's ‘new theory of light’ is treated along ... More


Varieties of Natural History: The Whole of the Natural and the Known

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

John Herschel defines science by the knowledge of many systematically arranged to be consumed by one, distinguishing likewise between two forms of natural history: the first concerning the world as a ... More


Time: Singular Images, Failed Copies

Vered Maimon

in "Singular Images, Failed Copies": William Henry Fox Talbot and the Early Photograph

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816694716
eISBN:
9781452953526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816694716.003.0003
Subject:
Art, Photography

This chapter examines the way the early photograph was historicized, analyzed and discussed by its early practitioners in reviews on photography in journals and newspapers that appeared in the 1840s. ... More


Peacock, Babbage, and the “Heresy of the Dots”

Menachem Fisch

in Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226514482
eISBN:
9780226514659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226514659.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter describes the background to the young Peacock's mathematical career – his involvement as an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, alongside fellow students John Herschel, Charles ... More


Two Journeys

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0035
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focusses on the scientific expeditions of Charles Darwin and Sir John Herschel in the early 1830s. For both men, the journey on which they were about to embark would yield a harvest of ... More


Analysis: Magic Mirrors: Formalist Realism in Victorian Physics and Photography

Andrea Henderson

in Algebraic Art: Mathematical Formalism and Victorian Culture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198809982
eISBN:
9780191860140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809982.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter argues that British photography of the 1850s and 60s wedded realism—understood as a commitment to descriptive truthfulness—with formalism, or a belief in the defining power of structural ... More


The Advent of the Modern Fauna: On the Births and Deaths of Species, 1801–1831

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about the earliest decades of the scientific study of “transmutation,” previously called evolution, in which early evolutionists focused on the search for a natural causal ... More


The Creed of Science

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0037
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focusses on the work and correspondence between Darwin and Herschel. It describes how Darwin asked his publishers to send Herschel a copy of On the Origin of Species following its ... More


The Mystery of Mysteries

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0036
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter first presents Darwin’s descriptions about meeting John Herschel in 1836. It then details how Darwin consulted Herschel’s Preliminary Discourse in developing his theory on the origin of ... More


Conclusion: The Tides of Empire

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0009
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Scientific interest in the ocean followed directly from the growing popular fascination in the late eighteenth century with the natural history and physical topography of the seashore. Beginning in ... More


Lyell Claims Darwin as a Student

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This initial chapter of part 2, “Training in Theory,” analyzes Darwin’s late-voyage scientific ambitions and his return to seek a place in the British geological community. It also introduces part ... More


"Singular Images, Failed Copies": William Henry Fox Talbot and the Early Photograph

Vered Maimon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816694716
eISBN:
9781452953526
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816694716.001.0001
Subject:
Art, Photography

The Photographic Imagination historicizes the conception of photography in the early nineteenth-century in England, in particular the works and texts by William Henry Fox Talbot, as part of a ... More


How is science to be carried forward, and its conclusions reported?

Andrew Briggs, Hans Halvorson, and Andrew Steane

in It Keeps Me Seeking: The Invitation from Science, Philosophy and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198808282
eISBN:
9780191866944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808282.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The chapter appraises science as an intellectual activity that is appropriately carried out on its own terms. Consequently, it is not appropriate to introduce references to God as a component part of ... More


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