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John Cassian

William, S.J. Harmless

in Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162233
eISBN:
9780199835645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162234.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

John Cassian (d. after 345) was one of the key figures who brought traditions of desert monasticism to the Latin West. He grew up in what today is Romania and became a monk in Bethlehem and then ... More


The Moral Science of John Cassian

Conrad Leyser

in Authority and Asceticism from Augustine to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208686
eISBN:
9780191678127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208686.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The Lérinians were not the only face of the Gallic monastic movement. Closely associated with them, and well known to Pope Celestine, was John Cassian, an ascetic teacher who had gone to great ... More


Cassian’s Catholic Ascetic Pneumatology

Thomas L. Humphries

in Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685035
eISBN:
9780191765537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685035.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

The first chapter opens an argument about Cassian’s pneumatological project by addressing three aspects of his ascetic pneumatology. Cassian’s theology of the Holy Spirit is orthodox according to the ... More


Introduction

Richard J. Goodrich

in Contextualizing Cassian: Aristocrats, Asceticism, and Reformation in Fifth-Century Gaul

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213139
eISBN:
9780191695841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213139.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter presents a short biography of late Roman writer, John Cassian, and introduces the purpose of the book. Cassian was an important 5th-century writer with remarkable connections to the ... More


The Monastic Discipline of Psalmody

Luke Dysinger OSB

in Psalmody and Prayer in the Writings of Evagrius Ponticus

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273201
eISBN:
9780191602986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273200.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In the fourth century, the Book of Psalms gradually displaced other biblical texts used in so-called ‘canonical prayers’. Among the monks, psalmody was one of the exterior ascetical practices which, ... More


Contextualizing Cassian: Aristocrats, Asceticism, and Reformation in Fifth-Century Gaul

Richard J. Goodrich

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213139
eISBN:
9780191695841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213139.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This book examines the attempt by the 5th-century ascetic writer John Cassian to influence and shape the development of Western monasticism. The book's close analysis of Cassian's earliest work (The ... More


Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great

Thomas L. Humphries, Jr.

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685035
eISBN:
9780191765537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685035.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

This book is about the Holy Spirit, monks, and other Catholic theologians who lived around the Mediterranean in the 5th and 6th centuries. It makes three interconnected arguments. The first argument ... More


Cassian’s Ascetic Synthesis: The Spirit in Love and Contemplation

Thomas L. Humphries

in Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685035
eISBN:
9780191765537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685035.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

The second chapter closes the argument about Cassian’s ascetic pneumatology by demonstrating that Cassian understands the Holy Spirit as the divine agent who reforms human affections, thoughts, and ... More


Grace and Christology in the Early Church

Donald Fairbairn

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256143
eISBN:
9780191600586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256144.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This book addresses the question of whether the fifth‐century pronouncements about Christ's person were reflective of a genuine theological consensus in the early Church, or whether they were merely ... More


What We Care about: The Desires of the Heart

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter develops Aquinas's theodicy by considering the way in which the suffering stemming from the loss or deprivation of the desires of a person's heart can be defeated. It discusses the ... More


Mystic as Desert Calligrapher: Evagrius Ponticus

S.J. William Harmless

in Mystics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195300383
eISBN:
9780199851560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300383.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the pioneers of Christian mysticism, the fourth-century desert fathers of Egypt. These early monks forged techniques of prayer and asceticism, of discipleship and spiritual ... More


Monks: The Ascetic Life

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0043
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The earliest Christian ascetics in Syria drew on the New Testament as well as the legacy of Stoic philosophy. Information about the ascetic movement comes from Athanasius’ Life of Antony, which was ... More


The Anonymity of The Rule of St Benedict

Conrad Leyser

in Authority and Asceticism from Augustine to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208686
eISBN:
9780191678127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208686.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

There can be few more vivid illustrations of the moral power of humility than that afforded by The Rule of St Benedict. Its appeal is readily ascribed precisely to its winning lack of ... More


The Acta as Mirror of Vainglory

John M. McManamon

in The Text and Contexts of Ignatius Loyola's “Autobiography”

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823245048
eISBN:
9780823252787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245048.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chapter beings by analyzing Ignatius's account of his foolhardy defense of Pamplona as exemplary vainglory on his part. It then briefly summarizes the scriptural, patristic, and medieval ideas on ... More


Evagrius of Pontus: The Greek Ascetic Corpus

Robert E. Sinkewicz

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259939
eISBN:
9780191698651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259939.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Evagrius of Pontus (c.345–99) was one of the most prominent figures among the monks of the desert settlements of Nitria, Sketis, and Kellia in Lower Egypt. Through the course of his ascetic writings ... More


The Christian God v. Passionate Pagan Deities:Impassibility as an Apophatic Qualifier of Divine Emotions

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The author shows that by calling the Christian God impassible the Fathers sought to distance God the creator from the gods of mythology. At the same time the Fathers viewed divine impassibility as ... More


The Pure Speech of Caesarius of Arles

Conrad Leyser

in Authority and Asceticism from Augustine to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208686
eISBN:
9780191678127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208686.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Caesarius of Arles, Julianus Pomerius’ star pupil, has the reputation of a popular preacher of great fervour and enduring influence. In one sense, Caesarius’ mission as a preacher had been to secure ... More


John of Lykopolis

Mark Sheridan

in Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774166631
eISBN:
9781617976551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166631.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter focuses on St. John of Lykopolis, the most famous among Egyptian monks, second only to St. Antony the Great. It surveys all the known sources about him, literary and documentary. It then ... More


Early Church: The Battle Begins

David Wheeler-Reed

in Regulating Sex in the Roman Empire: Ideology, the Bible, and the Early Christians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227727
eISBN:
9780300231311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227727.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter shows how second- and third-generation Christians wrestled with the familial ideologies codified by the New Testament writers until sexual renunciation became the norm by 300 CE. It ... More


The Weakness of Gregory

Conrad Leyser

in Authority and Asceticism from Augustine to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208686
eISBN:
9780191678127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208686.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In the modern era, Gregory the Great is often depicted as a man at the border, poised between the Roman and the Germanic worlds, between East and West, and above all, perhaps, between the ancient and ... More


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