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Make Room for Mother: The “Psy”-entific Ideology of Natural Motherhood

Jessica L. Martucci

in Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288031
eISBN:
9780226288178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The first chapter recounts the evolution of scientific ideas about motherhood and breastfeeding in the early 20th century, and explores the scientific and cultural emergence of natural motherhood ... More


Psychoanalysts against Biological Reductionism

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how psychoanalysts reacted to John Bowlby's attempt to unify psychoanalysis with ethology. It focuses on the response of three major Freudian analysts: Anna Freud, Max Schur, ... More


Bowlby’s Ethological Theory of Attachment Behavior: The Nature and Nurture of Love for the Mother

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the development of John Bowlby's views and their scientific and social reception in the United States during the 1950s. Bowlby's assertion that mother love is a biological need ... More


The Nature of Love: Mary Ainsworth’s Observational and Experimental Work

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the development of Mary Ainsworth's views about attachment in the context of her relationship with John Bowlby. It shows her evolution from being Bowlby's defender to ... More


Psychiatric Theories of Bowlby, and of Barloon and Noyes

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0025
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In studying Charles Darwin's illness, John Bowlby, Thomas Barloon and Russell Noyes drew on information about the illness given in To Be an Invalid, the volumes of Darwin's Correspondence and the ... More


The Strange Situation of the Ethological Theory of Attachment: A Historical Perspective

Marga Vicedo

in The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036900
eISBN:
9780262342872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036900.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the history of some challenges to John Bowlby’s and Mary Ainsworth’s ethological attachment theory (EAT). Bowlby and Ainsworth argued that the mother-infant relationship is a ... More


The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Marga Vicedo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The notion that maternal care and love will determine a child's emotional well-being and future personality has become ubiquitous. In countless stories and movies we find that the problems of the ... More


Reinforcing Each Other and a Normative View of Nature

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how John Bowlby and Konrad Lorenz supported each other, creating an impression of interdisciplinary strength and providing legitimacy to their views on children's needs for ... More


Love is a wondrous state:1 origins and early debates

Sue White, Matthew Gibson, David Wastell, and Patricia Walsh

in Reassessing Attachment Theory in Child Welfare

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447336914
eISBN:
9781447336969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336914.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter traces the origins of attachment theory and reviews its component parts, including the seminal empirical research on animals and humans. Attachment theory, popularised during the 1940s ... More


Psychoanalytic Theories

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Dr. Edward Kempf's explanations and diagnosis of Charles Darwin need more evidence and discussion. A succession of psychoanalytically-oriented psychiatrists then argued that Darwin felt hostility for ... More


Experts and childcare ‘bibles’: mothers and advice literature

Angela Davis

in Modern Motherhood: Women and Family in England, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780719084553
eISBN:
9781781702109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084553.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The chapter examines how ideas of the ‘good’ and ‘bad’ mother were conveyed to women through the writings of childcare experts. It considers the work of principal authorities on child development who ... More


‘We Were All Very Sick and Very Stupid’: The Conference on the Psychological and Sociological Problems of Modern Socialism and the Politics of the Group

Lise Butler

in Michael Young, Social Science, and the British Left, 1945-1970

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862895
eISBN:
9780191895401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862895.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the Conference on the Psychological and Sociological Problems of Modern Socialism held at University College Oxford in 1945. This event featured prominent left-wing policy ... More


Social work and the attachment story: a felicitous bond?

Sue White, Matthew Gibson, David Wastell, and Patricia Walsh

in Reassessing Attachment Theory in Child Welfare

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447336914
eISBN:
9781447336969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336914.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter examines the symbiotic relationship between child welfare professional practice, social work in particular, and the ascent of attachment theory. The development of social work had ... More


Parenting Matters: An Attachment Perspective

Howard Steele and Miriam Steele

in What Is Parenthood?: Contemporary Debates about the Family

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729151
eISBN:
9780814724484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729151.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines how parenting has been defined and studied by advocates of attachment theory and research in that area. It also describes attachment research tools which can be used to assist ... More


The Study of Instincts

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter analyzes Konrad Lorenz's views about instincts and imprinting in the context of his efforts to develop the new science of ethology with Niko Tinbergen. It first introduces Lorenz's and ... More


The Image of the Child in Postwar British and U.S. Psychoanalysis

Lisa Cartwright

in Imagining Illness: Public Health and Visual Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816648221
eISBN:
9781452945958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816648221.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the place of visual analysis and documentation of infants and children in psychoanalysis in Britain and the United States after World War II, a period during which mental health ... More


Attachment Theory

Marilyn Watson

in Learning to Trust: Attachment Theory and Classroom Management

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190867263
eISBN:
9780190867294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867263.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The origins of attachment theory and the work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth are described. Four types of child–parent attachment relationships—secure, insecure/anxious, insecure/ambivalent, and ... More


Bonding with the Baby: The Changing Meaning of Parenting

Lara Freidenfelds

in The Myth of the Perfect Pregnancy: A History of Miscarriage in America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190869816
eISBN:
9780190052171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869816.003.0004
Subject:
History, Family History, American History: 20th Century

Over the course of the nineteenth century and into the twentieth, parents gradually focused less on the patriarchal, religious, and economic duties and benefits of parenthood and more on developing ... More


Being Loved as a Fundamental Condition for Children

S. Matthew Liao

in The Right to Be Loved

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190234836
eISBN:
9780190234850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190234836.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

That children need to be loved is a claim that many people would find intuitive and obvious. However, some people have questioned this claimed. Psychologists have long theorized about the importance ... More


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