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Reconstructing Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many of the perceived failures of Aristotelian natural philosophy in the late 16th and early 17th centuries were put down to his conception of method. In fact, both defenders of Aristotle and his ... More


The Emergence of Kepler's Copernican Representation

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

At the end of the 1580s, Nicolaus Copernicus's theory was one alternative amid a proliferating field of representations of celestial order. Copernicus's proponents were distributed among different ... More


The Third-Generation Copernicans: Galileo and Kepler

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The relationship between Johannes Kepler and Galileo has a pronounced historiographical profile, in part because both were followers of Nicolaus Copernicus. The failures of that relationship would ... More


How Galileo's Recurrent Novelties Traveled

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Some influential interpreters of his first major printed book, Sidereus Nuncius, have underscored Galileo's straightforward empiricist style in reporting observations and avoiding aggressive, ... More


Life on the Moon

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Life on the Moon — an old notion — was revived by the astronomical work of Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century and the invention of the optical telescope in the early 17th century. Galileo ... More


Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

George Basalla

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book records the long scientific search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Although philosophical speculation about alien civilizations dates to antiquity, the invention of the telescope ... More


The Naturalist Turn and Celestial Order: Constructing The Nova of 1604

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The year 1604 was of great astrological import for the prognosticators. It was supposed to mark the return of Saturn and Jupiter in conjunction with the Fiery Trigon (at 8 degrees in the sign of ... More


How Kepler's New Star Traveled to England

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Johannes Kepler's De Stella Nova had broad appeal for different contemporary groups. As with the 1572 nova, Kepler described a novelty that required no special technical skill to observe. Antonio ... More


Kepler's Early Audiences, 1596–1600

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Johannes Kepler's early representation of the heavens embodied an unprecedented convergence of elements in the political space of the Tübingen theological orthodoxy. The Mysterium Cosmographicum ... More


The Struggle for Order

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

For the celestial modernizers of the early seventeenth century, the problems that had been emerging since the 1570s began to show signs of consensus: recurrent events (planets), the subject of the ... More


Kepler’s SN OF AD 1604

F. Richard Stephenson and David A. Green

in Historical Supernovae and their Remnants

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507666
eISBN:
9780191709876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507666.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The most recent Galactic SN that can be confidently identified was seen in AD 1604, some five years before the advent of telescopic astronomy. This star, which appeared in Ophiuchus, reached a peak ... More


Kepler and the Song of the Earth

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Johannes Kepler, more than anyone, incorporated music into the foundations of his innovative astronomy. This chapter relates his interest in musical practice to his novel approach to its theory, ... More


Kepler Sets the Earth in Motion

in Fictions of the Cosmos: Science and Literature in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226011226
eISBN:
9780226011240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226011240.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines Johannes Kepler's book about the movement of Earth called Dream. It suggests that this book is inseparable from the context of an abstract space of hypotheses and that it ... More


The Organ in Seventeenth-Century Cosmology

Kerala J. Snyder

in The Organ as A Mirror of Its Time

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195144154
eISBN:
9780199849369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144154.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

At the beginning of the 17th century, the idea that the universe worked like a clockwork machine pervaded society. This clockwork universe was almost universally called the macrocosm. At this same ... More


Measuring the Immeasurable

Mary-Jane Rubenstein

in Worlds Without End: The Many Lives of the Multiverse

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156622
eISBN:
9780231527422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156622.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the activities of seventeenth-century cosmologies, starting with Giordano Bruno’s heretical cosmology and subsequent execution. The fascination with the possibility of other ... More


A Lutheran Astrologer

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focusses on the work of Johannes Kepler, a young Lutheran maths teacher at the Stiftsschule at Graz. Kepler was introduced to Copernicus’ theory by his seminary professor, Michael ... More


Epilogue: Natural Complexity

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

In this epilogue, the author reflects on complexity in nature, first by sharing his observations on lichens in the slickrock mountain bike trails of the Moab region in southeastern Utah. More ... More


Histories of Heaven

Alastair Fowler

in Time's Purpled Masquers: Stars and the Afterlife in Renaissance English Literature

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183402
eISBN:
9780191674037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183402.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Renaissance science and theology interacted rather than diverged, in a period of fruitful dialogue. Renaissance astronomy, with its combination of ... More


Seeming to See: King Lear’s Mental Optics

Suparna Roychoudhury

in Phantasmatic Shakespeare: Imagination in the Age of Early Modern Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501726552
eISBN:
9781501726569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501726552.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Faculty psychology was, from its earliest conception, premised on the presumed resemblance between the eye and the mind’s eye; ancient and medieval accounts of vision had taken sight and insight as ... More


Moving Through Friedberg’s Properly Adjusted Virtual Window

Tom Gunning

in The Moving Eye: Film, Television, Architecture, Visual Art and the Modern

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190218430
eISBN:
9780190218461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190218430.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter analyzes the theory of virtual reality developed by Anne Friedberg in The Virtual Window and argues that Friedberg confuses the notions of pictura and imago developed by Johannes Kepler ... More


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