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The Debates about Universal History and National History, c. 1800: A Problem-oriented Historical Attempt*

Hans Erich Bödeker

in Unity and Diversity in European Culture c.1800

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263822
eISBN:
9780191734960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263822.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Friedrich Rühs outlined the problems in the complicated relationship between national history and universal history around 1800. The change in theory from universal to national history, from the ... More


Intellectual Background

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 4, ‘Intellectual Background’, attempts to reconstruct the intellectual background which informed the historians' mindset and argues that the vantage point of such study must be their own ... More


Tackling the Naturalistic Conundrum: Instincts and Conjectural History to 1771

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter traces new impulses in the 1760s such as the first publication of Leibniz's Nouveaux essais, the 1763 contest on certitude in metaphysics, and investigations of animal instincts. At the ... More


Herder’s Pluralist Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

While rationalist reflection can derive a single set of authoritative standards from a universal faculty of reason, sentimentalism must assume an implausible degree of uniformity among the contingent ... More


Herder and Kant on History: Their Enlightenment Faith

Allen Wood

in Metaphysics and the Good: Themes from the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199542680
eISBN:
9780191715396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542680.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Johann Gottfried Herder was an important philosopher of history. He was also a student of Immanuel Kant, whose views on history are less well-known, but were developed — as were Herder's — in the ... More


Eighteenth-century uses of vitalism in constructing the human sciences

Peter Hanns Reill

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the period of the high and late Enlightenment, the human sciences were reformed based on ideas, methods, and assumptions drawn from the life sciences. The goal was to improve the human sciences by ... More


Race and Its Discontents in the Enlightenment

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter surveys some of the more important developments in the history of the concept of race in eighteenth-century Germany. It reveals an inconsistency between the desire to make taxonomic ... More


The Harmonious Harp-Playing of Humanity: J. G. Herder

Jennifer A. Herdt

in Forming Humanity: Redeeming the German Bildung Tradition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226618487
eISBN:
9780226618517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226618517.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter details Johann Gottfried Herder’s understanding of Bildung, with its focus on human self-forming agency oriented toward individual and communal self-realization and the realization of ... More


The Invention of National Languages

Otto Dann

in Unity and Diversity in European Culture c.1800

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263822
eISBN:
9780191734960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263822.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

In the second half of the eighteenth century, a qualified kind of ethnogenesis can be observed among the educated classes of the Western world. In the course of their social emancipation a new ... More


Modern Communities, National and Religious

Theodore Vial

in Modern Religion, Modern Race

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190212551
eISBN:
9780190212575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212551.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 4 shows why we must extend our genealogies of religion and race past the Enlightenment by comparing Johann Gottfried Herder and Schleiermacher on language and on the formation of groups. Both ... More


The Practices of the Enlightenment: Aesthetics, By (author)ship, and the Public

Dorothea von Mücke

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172462
eISBN:
9780231539333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172462.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Rethinking the relationship between eighteenth-century pietistic traditions and Enlightenment thought and practice, this book unravels the complex and often neglected religious origins of modern ... More


‘Populism, Expressionism, Pluralism’—and God?: Herder’s Cultural Theory and Theology

Kevin Hilliard

in Isaiah Berlin and the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198783930
eISBN:
9780191826580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783930.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The fact that Johann Gottfried Herder has been variously assigned to the Counter-Enlightenment (by Isaiah Berlin), to the mainstream (Robert E. Norton) and to the Radical Enlightenment (Jonathan ... More


Setting the Scene: A Brief Outline of Histories of Israel

J. W. ROGERSON

in Understanding the History of Ancient Israel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264010
eISBN:
9780191734946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264010.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter presents a brief outline of the history of ancient Israel, starting with Humphrey Prideaux's The Old and New Testament connected, in the History of the Jews, and neighbouring nations; ... More


Language and Cultural Identity: The Controversy over Prémontval's Préservatif

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter focuses on the socio-cultural background of the language debates, mainly through a detailed exploration of a largely forgotten quarrel in Berlin of the late 1750s and early 1760s. At ... More


Taking Up the French Challenge: The German Response

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

At mid-century Germans were confronted directly with French vital materialism by the presence in Berlin of Maupertuis and La Mettrie and by the translation of Buffon’s Histoire naturelle into German. ... More


Against Neo-Roman Mimesis: Johann Gottfried Herder at Carthage and François de Volney at Palmyra

Julia Hell

in The Conquest of Ruins: The Third Reich and the Fall of Rome

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226588056
eISBN:
9780226588223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226588223.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter seven begins with Piranesi, the artist who rendered Rome’s ruined stage visible in the new age of exploration and conquest. The author draws out the similarity between Piranesi’s staging of ... More


Real and Virtual Audiences in Herder’s Concept of the Modern Public

Dorothea E. von Mücke

in The Practices of the Enlightenment: Aesthetics, By (author)ship, and the Public

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172462
eISBN:
9780231539333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172462.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter examines the two versions of Johann Gottfried von Herder's essay answering the question “Do we still have the Public and the Fatherland of the Ancients?” The first version from 1765 can ... More


Hermeneutics

Michael N. Forster

in German Philosophy of Language: From Schlegel to Hegel and beyond

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199604814
eISBN:
9780191809941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604814.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on hermeneutics, or the theory of interpretation. There has been impressive progress in hermeneutics since the eighteenth century. This progress has consisted in the gradual ... More


A Language of Pain: Herder and the Origin of Language

Ilit Ferber

in Language Pangs: On Pain and the Origin of Language

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190053864
eISBN:
9780190053871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190053864.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 2 presents a close reading of two texts by Herder: “Treatise on the Origin of Language” (1772) and “Critical Forests” (1769). In the first, Herder presents his theory on the origin of ... More


Music between Reaction and Response

Holly Watkins

in Musical Vitalities: Ventures in a Biotic Aesthetics of Music

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226594705
eISBN:
9780226594842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226594842.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Philosophy of Music

Chapter 5, “Music Between Reaction and Response,” evaluates music’s capacity to thwart conceptions of the human based on the sovereign power of rationality. Music’s ability to blur the boundaries ... More


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