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Boundary: Nehru, Ghosh, and the Enchantment of Lines

Jon Hegglund

in World Views: Metageographies of Modernist Fiction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796106
eISBN:
9780199932771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796106.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, World Literature

This chapter explicitly treats geopolitical and fictional drawings of the boundary line—a fundamental yet strangely ephemeral component of the territorial nation-state. It first examines the debates ... More


Citizens of the Nation

Haimanti Roy

in Partitioned Lives: Migrants, Refugees, Citizens in India and Pakistan, 1947-65

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198081777
eISBN:
9780199081875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081777.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter examines the processes and legislations in India that sought to clear up such confusions. Although the laws defining citizenship came to be established by the Citizenship Act of 1955, ... More


The Ali Brothers

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi: Pan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195658279
eISBN:
9780199081394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter introduces the Ali brothers—Mohamed and Shaukat—who succeeded Abul Kalam Azad in taking over the Khilafat agitation. It starts with a description of their early education. It then looks ... More


The Country Shows its Strength 1928–1934

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947: A Short History

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195627985
eISBN:
9780199080670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses the anti-Simon agitation; the Nehru Report; Jinnah and the Fourteen Points; the Lahore Congress and Independence Day; the first two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement; ... More


The First Indo-Pakistani War

Stanley Wolpert

in India and Pakistan: Continued Conflict or Cooperation?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266773
eISBN:
9780520925755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

In mid-August 1947, Viceroy Lord Louis Mountbatten of Britain had no hesitation about leaving the destiny of Kashmir's four million subjects, 77% of whom were Muslims, to the personal choice of ... More


Leader of the Opposition

B. R. Nanda

in The Nehrus: Motilal and Jawaharlal: With a New Preface

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195693430
eISBN:
9780199081387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693430.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter introduces the Swaraj Party, which defeated the British Indian Government with the help of the Legislative Assembly. The discussion starts with the Legislative Assembly, which reflected ... More


Envoy Extraordinary

B. R. Nanda

in Gokhale: The Indian Moderates and the British Raj

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195647518
eISBN:
9780199081400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

By the summer of 1904, Indian nationalists had despaired of a favourable response to their demands from Lord Curzon or the Conservative Government in Whitehall. Things looked rather bleak, but, ... More


The Party Organization and Its Parliamentary Party 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0106
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

On 15 October 1937, M. A. Jinnah delivered his presidential address to the Muslim League calling the Congress Party's High in Command as a 'Fascist Grand Council'. Professor R. Coupland in his ... More


Islam and Democracy in India: From Savile Row to Jyotiba Phule Park

Barbara D. Metcalf

in Being Muslim in South Asia: Diversity and Daily Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198092063
eISBN:
9780199082872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092063.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Whatever the inequities and corruption, India rightly stands out as the world’s largest democracy. India also claims the world’s largest minority, its 160 or 175 million Muslims constituting some 14 ... More


The Politics of Exclusion: 1936–46

Sabyasachi Bhattacharya

in The Defining Moments in Bengal: 1920–1947

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198098942
eISBN:
9780199083039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198098942.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

The politics of Bengal between 1936 and 1946 is the subject of this chapter with special attention to three trends: the increasing strength of the Muslim League during the League ministries, the ... More


‘Division of Hearts’: The Last Days of United Bengal

Sabyasachi Bhattacharya

in The Defining Moments in Bengal: 1920–1947

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198098942
eISBN:
9780199083039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198098942.003.0009
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the last chapter we look at the last days of pre-partition Bengal. The Congress high command stepped in to put to an end all talk about ‘united independent Bengal’. The recurrence of riots in many ... More


The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience

Christophe Jaffrelot

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190235185
eISBN:
9780190492229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190235185.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Pakistan was born as the creation of elite Urdu-speaking Muslims who sought to govern a state that would maintain their dominance. After rallying non-Urdu speaking leaders around him, Muhammad Ali ... More


Shias and the Pakistan Movement

Andreas Rieck

in The Shias of Pakistan: An Assertive and Beleaguered Minority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190240967
eISBN:
9780190492113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190240967.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

A large number of prominent Shia individuals have made crucial contributions to what has been termed the “Muslim political awakening” in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century British India, as well ... More


Transitions: Britain’s decolonization of India and Pakistan

Robert Johnson

in At the End of Military Intervention: Historical, Theoretical and Applied Approaches to Transition, Handover and Withdrawal

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198725015
eISBN:
9780191792472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198725015.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In this chapter, Johnson analyses the processes and calculations that led to the British withdrawal from India and Pakistan in 1947–48. This was not simply a case of the British being driven out, but ... More


India’s Fateful Hour

Elizabeth Hamilton

in The Feringhees: Sir Robert and Sir William — Two Europeans in India: Volume 2: The Straight Race

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199460113
eISBN:
9780199086474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460113.003.0021
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

The chapter opens with the assassination of Sir Michael O’Dwyer in London and Sir William’s lucky escape. He joins a Ministry of Supply Mission that travels out to stimulate the manufacture of ... More


The Road to Independence

Elizabeth Hamilton

in The Feringhees: Sir Robert and Sir William — Two Europeans in India: Volume 2: The Straight Race

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199460113
eISBN:
9780199086474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460113.003.0022
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

The Second Cripps Mission goes out and attempts to bridge the widening gap between Hindus, Muslims, and the princely states but returns without agreements. Lord Wavell is replaced by Earl Mountbatten ... More


Partition: Anglo-US Origins of Strategic Parity between India and Pakistan

Francine R. Frankel

in When Nehru Looked East: Origins of India-US Suspicion and India-China Rivalry

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190064341
eISBN:
9780190064372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190064341.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The partition of India into the two independent states of India and Pakistan created strategic anomalies. India lost the advantage of its own geographic position, which had placed it across the ... More


New Political Orientations: (1942–5)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0011
Subject:
History, Indian History

In 1942–3, the ‘Azad Punjab’ scheme was promoted by Master Tara Singh and other Akali leaders. However, it had no attraction for the bureaucracy, the Muslim League, and the Congress. Even Kharak ... More


At the Simla Conference and in the General Elections: (1945–6)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0012
Subject:
History, Indian History

On Lord Wavell’s initiative, the Simla Conference was held to discuss the proposal of a new executive council and a new constitution for India after the war. Master Tara Singh represented the Sikh ... More


Introduction

Christophe Jaffrelot

in The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190235185
eISBN:
9780190492229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190235185.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Introduction sets out the nature of and the reasons for Pakistan’s democratic deficit. It explores the roots of Pakistan’s centralized power structure and the prominence of the army in the public ... More


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