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1948 as a Jewish World War

Derek J. Penslar

in Jews and the Military: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, which emerges from and constantly returns to 1948. For over twenty-five years, ever since Israel's archives made sources from 1948 available ... More


The Jews in the Land of Israel and the Spread of Sabbatheanism

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explains that alongside the pidyon shevuyim network, there existed another economic and religious system covering the entire Jewish world that was focused on the eastern Mediterranean. ... More


Transregional Contexts

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines how the transregional aspects of the captive crisis gave it great significance for the Jewish world. The appearance on the slave markets of Istanbul of thousands of Jews, ... More


The Cold War: A Community Divided

David H. Weinberg

in Recovering a Voice: West European Jewry After the Holocaust

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764104
eISBN:
9781800340961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764104.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on the Cold War, which split both Europe and its Jews into two camps. The Cold War imposed new barriers, both literally and figuratively. For the Jews of western Europe in ... More


Romantic Love: Debor a Lewkowicz and her Flight from the Village

Rachel Manekin

in The Rebellion of the Daughters: Jewish Women Runaways in Habsburg Galicia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691194936
eISBN:
9780691207094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691194936.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter centers on Debora Lewkowicz, a daughter of a village tavernkeeper, who completed her primary school education in the city of Wieliczka in Western Galicia. It discusses Debora's close ... More


The Jewish State and the World Jewish Congress

Hermann Levin Goldschmidt

in The Legacy of German Jewry

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228263
eISBN:
9780823237142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228263.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on the State of Israel and the World Jewish Congress, two different political bodies founded by the Jewish people to achieve equality. The role of the State of Israel is to ... More


The Polish–Lithuanian Background

Antony Polonsky

in Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764395
eISBN:
9781800340763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764395.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the emergence and rapid expansion of the Jewish community of Poland–Lithuania. By the middle of the seventeenth century, the Jewish community of Poland–Lithuania was the ... More


Simkhe Plakhte: From ‘Folklore’ to Literary Artefact

Seth L. Wolitz

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 16: Focusing on Jewish Popular Culture and Its Afterlife

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774730
eISBN:
9781800340732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774730.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter evaluates the Polish Jewish folk motif and figure of Simkhe Plakhte. This topic deserves closer attention because of its wide popularity and extensive literary reworking among Polish ... More


Post-War Years (1946–1966)

Marc B. Shapiro

in Between the Yeshiva World and Modern Orthodoxy: The Life and Works of Rabbi Jehiel Jacob Weinberg, 1884-1966

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774525
eISBN:
9781800340855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774525.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines Rabbi Jehiel Jacob Weinberg's shift from a very public life to a more private one during his final years, which were spent in Montreux, Switzerland. It shows how his failing ... More


Statement from the Editors

Antony Polonsky (ed.)

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter presents a statement from the book's editors. Polish Jewry was one of the largest and most important Jewish communities in the world. By the late seventeenth century, nearly ... More


Jewish Youth Movements in Poland between the Wars as Heirs of the Kehilah

Ido Bassok

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 30: Jewish Education in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764500
eISBN:
9781800343429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764500.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyzes the ways in which youth movements functioned in the lives of their adherents, suggesting that these organizations came to fill the same roles as religion had for previous ... More


Historical Fictions and Hellenistic Jewish Identity: Third Maccabees in Its Cultural Context

Sara Raup Johnson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233072
eISBN:
9780520928435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233072.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This study investigates the creation of historical fictions in a wide range of Hellenistic Jewish texts. Surveying so-called Jewish novels, including the Letter of Aristeas, Second Maccabees, Esther, ... More


Steven E. Aschheim. Brothers and Strangers. The East European Jew in German and German Jewish Consciousness, 1800-1923. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. 1983. Pp. 331.

Sergiusz Michalski

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0040
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter investigates Steven E. Aschheim's Brothers and Strangers (1983). In the 19th century, German Jews made their great social, political, and cultural bid for a sort of assimilation. In ... More


‘Jewish Musicians are the Crowning Achievements of Foreign Nations’: Jewish Identity and Yiddish Nationalism in the Writings of Menachem Kipnis

Julia Riegel

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 32: Jews and Music-Making in the Polish Lands

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781906764739
eISBN:
9781800343306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764739.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the treatment of the Jewish identity of various composers by the Yiddish folklorist and music critic, Menachem Kipnis. It describes Kipnis as a small, energetic man with a soft ... More


Maimonides’ Critique of the Jewish Culture of his Day

Menachem Kellner

in Maimonides’ Confrontation with Mysticism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113294
eISBN:
9781800340381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113294.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses how Moses Maimonides expressed a vision of Judaism as a remarkably naturalist religion of radical responsibility. His Judaism is a religion in which concrete behaviour serves ... More


The Search for a Victim-Centered New Justice, 1942–1946: The World Jewish Congress and the Institute of Jewish Affairs 1

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Legal groups devoted to building international criminal law between 1919 and 1939 were rarely concerned with the rights of minorities or what are today called “human rights.” During World War Two, an ... More


Judaism's Message of the Kingdom of God

Hermann Levin Goldschmidt

in The Legacy of German Jewry

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228263
eISBN:
9780823237142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228263.003.0024
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the contribution of the Germany Jewry to the outer development of modern Judaism. The German Jews not only helped bring about the founding of the Jewish state and the World ... More


‘The Extreme Non-Zionist, Apolitical Concept of Jewish Public Life’: Petitions, Human Rights, Standing, and Representation

Rotem Giladi

in Jews, Sovereignty, and International Law: Ideology and Ambivalence in Early Israeli Legal Diplomacy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198857396
eISBN:
9780191890215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857396.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Public International Law

Chapter 3—the second to explore the theme Voice—considers Shabtai Rosenne’s response to Hersch Lauterpacht’s reproach of Israel’s aversion to the individual right of petition. Rosenne castigated ... More


Mordechai Gebirtig: The Folk Song and the Cabaret Song

Natan Gross

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 16: Focusing on Jewish Popular Culture and Its Afterlife

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774730
eISBN:
9781800340732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774730.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter details how Mordechai Gebirtig engraved his name on the history of Jewish cabaret in Poland between the wars. Every singer had his songs in his or her repertoire. These songs spread from ... More


A Biographical Sketch

Avraham Grossman

in Rashi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113898
eISBN:
9781800340213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113898.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter offers a biographical sketch of Rashi. There are numerous folk legends about Rashi's birth, especially the miracles wrought for his mother during her pregnancy, and about his father and ... More


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